A new technology for controlling the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) in a plant growth chamber (PGC) has been demonstrated. CO2 is gathered from the source atmosphere across a membrane gas exchanger and stored in an alkanolamine solution. The CO2 loading of the alkanolamine reservoir is monitored using specific conductance and controlled by the exposure time and temperature. The PGC pCO2 is maintained using a second membrane exchanger through which the alkanolamine circulates, absorbing or releasing CO2 to maintain equilibrium. The equilibrium pCO2 is determined by the CO2 loading and the temperature. Constant PGC feed pCO2 levels of roughly 1000 ppm have been maintained using sources with pCO2 both above and below this value.