The California Energy Commission is studying key fuel cell vehicle (FCV) infrastructure issues that need to be addressed in the next decade. This paper reports preliminary findings. A survey was conducted of industry experts on FCV technology status and related fuels. The survey includes information on leading FCV fuels, fuel production, quality, safety concerns, and other key areas. Findings indicate proton-exchange membrane FCVs are likely to be commercial by 2004, and likely fuels in the mid- and long-term include gasoline, methanol, natural gas and hydrogen. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations made to aid the state in preparing for this technology.