Development of ToyotaS Electric and Hybrid Vehicle 98C053

Toyota has been developing various environmentally friendly vehicles to address global environmental concerns. In 1996, Toyota started to sell the battery powered "RAV4" electric vehicle, and introduced the "e-com" in 1997. Late last year, Toyota launched production of the world's first hybrid vehicle, the "PRIUS", doubling the fuel efficiency and drastically reducing the emission of carbon dioxide. Toyota is also conducting research in the area of fuel cell electric vehicles. This paper explains the electric systems of these vehicles, i.e., motor, inverter, Ni-MH battery and control. Some of the technical problems will also be discussed


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