Comparison of the Thor, Hybrid Iii and Cadaver Lower Leg Dynamic Responses in Dorsiflexion 99SC10
As of toady, statutory crash test dummies take neither bracing
nor passive muscular effect into account in the lower limb area.
The influence of the lower extremity musculature is however arising
as a major concern for the study of front seat occupant
The lower extremity prototype of the THOR dummy, including a
model of the human plantarflexion actuator passive response, was
tested in dynamic dorsiflexion. A dynamic test series was performed
on Thor-Lx under test conditions similar to those used by Portier
et al., 1996, on cadavers and Hybrid III dummy.
The test setup imposed a dynamic dorsiflexion to the foot by
means of a load exerted under the ball of the foot with no impact
The Thor-Lx and Hill responses are compared to cadaver
responses. It is important to note that as of today there are no
data available to demonstrate that the passive resistance of the
cadaver is equivalent to resistance of a tensed human.
The results clearly show a greater similarity between Thor-Lx
and cadaver responses than between cadaver and Hybrid III, which
does not simulate muscle resistance applied by the Achilles tendon.
The amount of muscle tension that should be incorporated into dummy
leg designs to simulate the tensed and relaxed human remains to be
identified. It is obvious however that only passive muscle
resistance was present in the cadavers used in this study (muscle
tone being present only in living subjects).
Based on these tests, some minor improvements are suggested in
order to make the prototype more reliable and easier to use.