Comparing Experimental Data to Traumatic Brain Injury Finite Element Models 99SC20
Validating a traumatic brain injury finite element model is often limited by a lack of extensive animal injury data that may be used to examine the conditions under which the model is accurate. Given that most published reports specify only general descriptions of injury, this study examined potential evaluation strategies and assessed the ability of a finite element model to simulate the general descriptions of injury in an animal model. The results of this study showed that 1) the results from a simplified finite element model could estimate trends that were similar to the injury patterns observed in a set of animal experiments, 2) a parameter (Z parameter), which quantified the comparison process between computational and animal data, estimated trends that would help in the model evaluation process, and 3) a more complete evaluation process would occur if multiple testing methods were included in the evaluation procedure.
Reid T. Miller, Douglas H. Smith, Xiaohan Chen, Bai-Nan Xu, Matt Leoni, Masahiro Nonaka, David F. Meaney
University of Pennsylvania
43rd Stapp Car Crash Conference
43rd Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings, 1999-P-350