Simple Models for Analysis of Curb- and Soil-trip Rollover Events
Simple rigid body dynamics models are created to analyze the curb- and soil-trip types of rollover events and experimental methods that are used to simulate these events. Equations for the models are given, and they are integrated numerically to obtain the solution. Solutions of the models provide a break down of the energy during these events, which exposes the importance of energy absorption, unloading, and friction during the impact-and-roll process. Furthermore, the models are used to derive the critical sliding velocity under different test parameters. They are also used to understand near-critical state responses of the vehicle, and the corresponding characteristics of the signals in the phase space.