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Technical Paper

Lean Mixture Sensor

1985-02-01
850380
The lean combustion system, developed for fuel economy inprovement, uses a Lean Mixture Sensor for the feedback control of air-fuel ratio in the lean mixture range. The Lean Mixture Sensor, comprises a zirconia solid electrolyte cell which has an electrochemical pumping action and a ceramic coating layer as a diffusion layer; the measurable range is from the stoichiometric to 25 of air-fuel ratio.
Technical Paper

Effects of Helical Port with Swirl Control Valve on the Combustion and Performance of S. I. Engine

1985-02-01
850046
A helical port with a swirl control valve (SCV) has been developed to satisfy two inconsistent requirements of achieving sufficient swirl generation to improve the combustion and still maintaining high volumetric efficiency. Their effects on combustion were confirmed in a single cylinder engine using high speed flame photography and cylinder pressure diagram analysis which has demonstrated faster combustion. As a result of a hot wire anemometer study, the differences in gas motion were clarified between two helical ports, one with and one without a SCV. A more active movement of the center of swirl was measured in the case of helical port with SCV which suggests the generation of higher turbulence in the cylinder.
Technical Paper

Regenration Process of Ceramic Foam Diesel-Particulate Traps

1984-10-01
841394
Periodic regeneration of the diesel particulate trap is essential to maintain the collection efficiency and exhaust gas hack pressure at acceptable levels. The objectives of this study are to describe the phenomenology of ceramic foam filter regeneration process and to present its mathematical model. Further simulation study is carried out to estimate the effects of various factors including fuel additive on the ignition and the filter bed temperature and to investigate conditions of excessive temperature which could result in filter destruction. The model is based on the assumption that the regeneration process is composed of two steps. The first step is the additional heat supply from the external energy source, and the second step is the spontaneous combustion propagation. The results from the analytical model agreed very well with the experimental results.
Technical Paper

Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension (TEMS) System for the 1983 Soarer

1984-02-01
840341
TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION had developed the world's first microprocessor controlled suspension system, Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension (TEMS), which is now being offered on the Toyota Soarer from Feb. '83. This system consists of sensors, switches, electronic control unit (ECU), actuators and shock absorbers. TEMS uses a microprocessor to adjust the damping forces of the front and rear shock absorbers. As a result, suspension can be tuned in two stages (hard and soft cushioning) and driver can choose three control modes (AUTO, SPORT, NORMAL). In AUTO mode, the TEMS system has achieved attitude controls (i.e. squat control, roll control and nosedive control). The TEMS system achieved a 15 - 30% decrease of squat, a 20 - 30% decrease of roll angle, a 10 - 30% decrease of nose-dive and a 30 - 40% decrease of shift-squat.
Technical Paper

Development of Simplified Coastdown Method for Road Load Calibration

1984-02-01
840471
Concerning the road load of the vehicle, there are many discussions about how to measure and how to simulate it on the chassis dynamometer. Also many studies have been done in our laboratory to find out the best solution in aspects of logic, instruments, procedure and reliability. Our solution resulted in “Simplified Coastdown Method (SCD)” which is featured by the concept of force-based measurement and setting of chassis dynamometer. This method was proposed to ISO as a candidate for the standard procedure under the support of Society of Automotive Engineers Japan. In this paper, the method is evaluated by comparing with current coastdown method and wheel torque method. From a practical point of view such as easiness of instruments handling, applicability of the facilities, simplicity of installation and procedure, we have come to a conclusion that the SCD method is the most suitable procedure
Technical Paper

Development of Multiplex Wiring System with Optical Data Link for Automobiles

1984-02-01
840492
This paper contains an explanation of a Multiplex Wiring System with Optical Data-Link for cars, which has been installed in the Toyota “Century” since 1982. In this system, a total of 64 signals related to door wiring are transmitted in a multiplex fashion, and the number of wires from the front right-hand door to the interior could be reduced from 46 wires, which were used with conventional wiring techniques, to 10 wires including 2 plastic optical fibers. This system also has various control functions which includes a door-lock control function. In order to give high reliability to this system, we have developed a new optical data-link as well as a new custom micro-computer. And in the automobile industry, such a large scale multiplex wiring system having high reliability is very innovative in our opinion and will surely have a large impact in the future.
Technical Paper

Development of Sound Localization Control System for Car Stereo

1984-02-01
840083
In a two-loudspeaker stereophonic reproduction system of a passenger car, the geometrical configuration of the right and left loudspeakers has the disadvantage of being asymmetrical to the listener. For this system, we have made both theoretical and experimental verifications of the effects of strongly reflected sounds on the sound pressure level difference and phase difference between two ears which determine the location of sound image in a small compartment of a passenger car. On the basis of these verifications, we have developed a new sound localization control system. With this system, acoustical effects such as sound expansion and ambience have been greatly improved in a passenger car. In this system, input signals to the loudspeakers are controlled so that the sound image produced by the loudspeaker nearer to the listeners may acoustically move so as to position itself symmetrically with the other loudspeaker with regard to the listeners.
Technical Paper

Toyota New Four-Speed Automatic Transmission for Front Wheel Drive Vehicles

1984-02-01
840049
The design requirement for more efficient vehicle moves a compact car toward front wheel drive arrangement, which requires an entire redesign of its power train. Toyota, with systematic approach from its planning stage, has developed a new automatic transmission series including one 3-speed and two 4-speed transmissions. An extensive examination on gear train arrangements enabled the 3-speed light, compact and highly reliable under the arrangement of Simpson gear train, and freewheel shifts with one-way clutches at every shifting. Two different 4th gear packages with freewheel shift are combined with the 3-speed unit to provide the versatility for the 4-speed units in various installations. Besides, these transmissions feature lock-up clutch converter, oil pump of a new tooth profile and two different control systems: hydraulic and electro-hydraulic.
Technical Paper

Computer Aided Analysis System for Noise and Vibration on Vehicles

1983-02-01
830344
An analysis system for vehicle noise and vibration has been developed. It consists of minicomputer based analog processing system connected with a large main-frame computer. This system features multi-modes for data analysis, fast data processing, data compatibility with conventional analog systems and feasibility. Fast data processing was achieved by newly developed FFT processor and minicomputer software. A new remote control box makes it simple to operate. Data processed by the minicomputer can be transferred to a large mainframe computer for further analysis.
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