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Technical Paper

Airborne Laser Radar Investigations of Clear Air Turbulence

Conclusions based on the airborne experiments with laser radars are summarized in this paper. Details of the equipment and the flight procedures will be displayed during the oral presentation at the conference.
Technical Paper

Experimental Determination of the Dependence of the Minimum Spark Ignition Energy Upon the Rate of Energy Release

The conventional ignition system utilizing an induction coil produces a spark consisting of a capacitive or high energy rate component and an inductive or low energy rate component. Predominant among conflicting arguments reported in the literature is the argument that the high energy rate component is the more effective for ignition of combustible mixtures. An investigation was conducted to measure the effect of the rate of energy release upon minimum spark ignition energy with electrode spacings greater than the quench distances reported in the literature. Lean, quiescent, propane-air mixtures were studied in a constant volume bomb. Results indicate that the minimum ignition energy decreased as the instantaneous peak power or peak rate of energy release was increased.
Technical Paper

Determining Machining Speeds from the Physical Properties of Metals

This paper develops an equation for calculating the machining speed for a specified tool-life by the use of three constants: a tool life-tool shape constant; a work material constant; and a size of cut constant. Representative values for these constants are tabulated, and curves showing the analytical relationship between v60 and feed as well as v60 and depth of cut are included. Experimental tests were conducted to verify the relationships, and the data are plotted on the calculated curves. The correlation between the calculated values of cutting speed with the experimental obtained values is good.
Technical Paper

Automotive Nuclear-Heat Engines and Associated High-Temperature Materials

APPLICATION of nuclear energy for civilian automotive uses has possibilities, these authors say. Nuclear power for automotive applications, they feel, is technically feasible now where size and weight are not prime considerations; where size and weight are major parameters, discoveries of new materials for construction of nuclear-power reactors must be made. New materials are needed for reactor fuels, heat extractants, neutron reflectors, reactor construction materials, controls, and radiation shields which must have unique nuclear properties in addition to conventional engineering properties. This paper presents nuclear automotive propulsion devices in terms of technologies now available. The necessary radiation-shielding mass and weight requirements are presented for an ideal point-source nuclear-heat-power engine.
Technical Paper

Wear Rates of Gears By the Radioactive Method

A METHOD is described in this paper by which the rates of gear wear under different conditions can be determined by the use of the radioactive tracer technique. With this method one can measure the minutest amount of wear at loads and speeds much below critical destructive conditions. This method makes possible the continuous determination of rates of gear wear at all loads and speeds in actual full-scale units. In this investigation, the radioactive tracer technique has been used to determine the rates of gear wear when using a straight mineral oil and when using an extreme-pressure gear lubricant.
Technical Paper


THIS paper reports work begun in 1935 at the instigation of the Murray Corp. of America. Methods used in studying the relations between the automobile seat cushion and its function in transporting passengers with greater comfort and less fatigue are described. Constructed for this purpose was a piece of apparatus called the Universal Test Seat, whose dimensions were completely adjustable with arrangements to vary the distribution of the supporting pressure in any manner which seemed most comfortable to the passenger. The authors describe tests made by use of this apparatus, present summaries of some of the results recorded and conclude that, to give the passenger the maximum comfort and least fatigue, the following mechanical objectives should be attained by the cushion: 1. To support the passenger over a large area to get the smallest unit pressure on the flesh; 2.