Refine Your Search

Topic

Search Results

Technical Paper

Development of Model-Based OBDII-Compliant Evaporative Emissions Leak Detection Systems

2008-04-14
2008-01-1012
The paper presents the main results obtained by developing and critically comparing different evaporative emissions leak detection diagnostic systems. Three different leak detection methods have been analyzed and developed by using a model-based approach: depressurization, air and fuel vapor compression, and natural vacuum pressure evolution. The methods have been developed to comply with the latest OBD II requirement for 0.5 mm leak detection. Detailed grey-box models of both the system (fuel tank, connecting pipes, canister module, engine intake system) and the components needed to perform the diagnostic test (air compressor or vacuum pump) have been used to analyze in a simulation environment the critical aspects of each of the three methods, and to develop “optimal” diagnostic model-based algorithms.
Technical Paper

Dependence of Flow Characteristics of a High Performance S.I. Engine Intake System on Test Pressure and Tumble Generation Conditions - Part 1: Experimental Analysis

2004-03-08
2004-01-1530
In this paper an experimental analysis is carried out to evaluate the dependence of the flow characteristics in the intake system of a high performance 4 valve, Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engine, on the experimental conditions at the steady flow test bench. Experimental tests are performed at different pressure levels on a Ducati Corse racing engine head, to measure the Discharge Coefficient Cd and the Tumble Coefficient NT, expanding the work already presented in a previous work by the same research group: with a new test bench, the maximum test pressure level is increased up to 24 kPa, while differently-shaped tumble adaptors are used to evaluate Nt. The study is aimed at determining the influence of the test pressure on Cd and NT measurements, and in particular of the tumble adaptor shape.
Technical Paper

Coupled Simulation of Nozzle Flow and Spray Formation Using Diesel and Biodiesel for CI Engine Applications

2012-04-16
2012-01-1267
A two-step simulation methodology was applied for the computation of the injector nozzle internal flow and the spray evolution in diesel engine-like conditions. In the first step, the multiphase cavitating flow inside injector nozzle is calculated by means of unsteady CFD simulation on moving grids from needle opening to closure. A non-homogeneous Eulerian multi-fluid approach - with three phases i.e. liquid, vapor and air - has been applied. Afterward, in the second step, transient data of spatial distributions of velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, dissipation rate, void fraction and many other relevant properties at the nozzle exit were extracted and used for the subsequent Lagrangian spray calculation. A primary break-up model, which makes use of the transferred data, is used to initialize droplet properties within the hole area.
Technical Paper

Coupled Eulerian Internal Nozzle Flow and Lagrangian Spray Simulations for GDI Systems

2017-03-28
2017-01-0834
An extensive numerical study of two-phase flow inside the nozzle holes and the issuing jets for a multi-hole direct injection gasoline injector is presented. The injector geometry is representative of the Spray G nozzle, an eight-hole counter-bored injector, from the Engine Combustion Network (ECN). Homogeneous Relaxation Model (HRM) coupled with the mixture multiphase approach in the Eulerian framework has been utilized to capture the phase change phenomena inside the nozzle holes. Our previous studies have demonstrated that this approach is capable of capturing the effect of injection transients and thermodynamic conditions in the combustion chamber, by predicting phenomenon such as flash boiling. However, these simulations were expensive, especially if there is significant interest in predicting the spray behavior as well.
Technical Paper

Application of a Fully Flexible Electro-Hydraulic Camless System to a Research SI Engine

2009-09-13
2009-24-0076
This paper presents the further development of an electro-hydraulic camless valve actuation system for internal combustion engines. The system (Hydraulic Valve Control - HVC) is an open loop device for engine valve fully flexible camless actuation. Valve timing and duration are controlled by a pilot stage governed by a solenoid, fast-acting, three-way valve. Valve lift is controlled by varying the oil pressure of the power stage. The system exploits an energy recovery working principle that plays a significant role in reducing the power demand of the whole valve train. In the present paper a new HVC actuator design is presented and its performances in terms of valve lift profile, repeatability and landing are discussed. Experimental data obtained by the application of the HVC system to a motored, single-cylinder research engine have been used to support the numerical evaluation of the potentialities of non-conventional valve actuation in engine part-load operation.
Journal Article

Analysis of Transient Cavitating Flows in Diesel Injectors Using Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels

2010-10-25
2010-01-2245
The aim of the paper is the comparison of the injection process with different fuels, i.e. a standard diesel fuel and a pure biodiesel. Multiphase cavitating flows inside diesel nozzles are analyzed by means of unsteady CFD simulations using a two-fluid approach with consideration of bubble dynamics, on moving grids from needle opening to closure. Two five-hole nozzles with cylindrical and conical holes are studied and their behaviors are discussed taking into account the different properties of the two fuels. Extent of cavitation regions is not much affected by the fuel type. Biodiesel leads to significantly higher mass flow only if the nozzle design induces significant cavitation which extends up to the outlet section and if the injector needle is at high lift. If the internal hole shaping is able to suppress cavitation, the stabilized mass flows are very similar with both fuels.
Technical Paper

Advanced GDI Injector Control with Extended Dynamic Range

2013-04-08
2013-01-0258
Considering the world-wide market for GDI engines, the introduction of tighter polluting emission legislation, additional costs, vehicle fuel economy and pollutants reduction become substantial drivers. Focusing on particulate reduction, direct injection gasoline engines require advanced combustion strategies. The main levers used are injection splitting in order to reduce wall impingement (due to lower penetration) and higher rail pressure level to reduce droplet size. To reach this target it is necessary to improve precision in term of injected quantity in the small quantity region with high fuel rail pressure and during the actuation of multiple injections. As a consequence of the requirements of high quantities at full load, known GDI solenoid injectors show an unacceptable spread in terms of small injected quantity when the energizing time is small such that the injector works in the ballistic zone. Following these premises an electronic approach is needed.
Journal Article

A Parametric Optimization Study of a Hydraulic Valve Actuation System

2008-04-14
2008-01-1356
A new camless system (referred to as Hydraulic Valve Control - HVC - system) is in an advanced state of prototyping and development. The present paper aims to support the new incoming activities concerning the possible modifications to the geometrical and mechanical characteristics of the system. The optimization of the new HVC system prototype is done using a multi-objective tool that integrates the hydraulic/mechanical simulator reproducing the physical model, with an optimization software. The latter tool can be used choosing a specific approach among different probabilistic mathematical models; the Genetic Algorithm approach was chosen to achieve the goal of the present study. The paper describes design optimization of the pilot stage of the actuator for given characteristics of the power stage and of the poppet valve.
X