Surface Contamination Effects on CRM Wing Section Model
The aerodynamic effects of Cold Soaked Fuel Frost have become increasingly significant as aircraft manufacturers have applied for to allow it during aircraft take-off. The Federal Aviation Administration and the Finnish Transport Safety Agency signed a Research Agreement in aircraft icing research in 2015 and started a research co-operation in frost formation studies, computational fluid dynamics for ground de/anti-icing fluids, and de/anti-icing fluids aerodynamic characteristics. The main effort has been so far on the formation and effects of CSFF. To investigate the effects a HL-CRM wing wind tunnel model, representing the wing of a modern jet aircraft, was built including a wing tank cooling system. Real frost was generated on the wing in a wind tunnel test section and the frost thickness was measured with an Elcometer gauge. Frost surface geometry was measured with laser scanning and photogrammetry.