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Technical Paper

Thermal Challenges in Automotive Exhaust System through Heat Shield Insulation

2019-11-21
2019-28-2539
While advanced automotive system assemblies contribute greater value to automotive safety, reliability, emission/noise performance and comfort, they are also generating higher temperatures that can reduce the functionality and reliability of thesystem over time. Thermal management and insulation are extremely important and highly demanding in BSVI, RDE and Non-IC engine operating vehicles. Passenger vehicle and Commercial vehicle exhaust systems are facing multiple challenges such as packaging constraints, weight reduction andthermalmanagement requirements.Frugal engineering is mandatory to develop heat shield in the exhaust system with minimum heat loss. The focus of the paper is to design, develop and validate heat shield products with different variables such as design gap, insulation material, sheet metal thickness and manufacturing processes. 1D and 3D computational simulations are performed with different gaps from 3 mm to 14 mm are considered.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Interior cleanliness tracker

2019-11-21
2019-28-2466
The future of mobility is being driven towards fully autonomous driving. As a result, people spend majority of the time in vehicles for chores other than driving. The focus of automotive makers shifts towards providing best-in-class passenger comfort. One of the least focused area in passenger comfort is vehicle interior cleanliness which requires periodic human intervention. An intelligent vehicle can outsmart a human by self-caring to maintain the cleanliness elements on floor, seat and roof. This paper addresses subjects like wetness, dirt and stains in the vehicle interior utilizing the capability of Interior sensing platform. An internally mounted camera in the vehicle can capture images of the interior and apply image processing techniques to identify the subjects mentioned above. The wetness on the floor mats can lead to moldy odor, corrosion, failure of the electronic components in the car.
Technical Paper

NEXT GENERATION POWER DISTRIBUTION UNIT IN WIRING HARNESS

2019-11-21
2019-28-2571
Keywords – Miniaturization, Low Profile (LP) Relays, Low Profile (LP) Fuses, Fuse box, Wiring Harness Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective With the exponential advancement in technological features of automobile’s EE architecture, designing of power distribution unit becomes complex and challenging. Due to the increase in the number of features, the overall weight of power distribution unit increases and thereby affecting the overall system cost and fuel economy. The scope of this document is to scale down the weight and space of the power distribution unit without compromising with the current performance. Methodology Miniaturization involves replacing the mini fuses and J-case fuses with LP mini and LP J-case fuses respectively. The transition doesn’t involve any tooling modification and hence saves the tooling cost.
Technical Paper

Development of low cost life saving system for Automotive vehicles during Road Accidents.

2019-11-21
2019-28-2460
According to research study 45% of death cause due to not getting help on time to the injured person. Research has proven that if injured person is not found any option of help then they also loose the power to fight such critical situation due to psychological effect. When vehicle met accident, people are not getting on time support, this delay is the major cause of death in developing nations. Presently there is no any robust system available in market for passenger & commercial vehicles which helps to provide on time help to the injured persons & saves human life. In current situation low cost life saving device is need of our society. This paper deals with the design & development of the low cost-life saving device. This paper also comprises the scenario when any vehicle meet an accidents within certain speed limit then how the intelligent life saving device will work & save the life's.
Technical Paper

Sensor Perception and Motion Planning for an Autonomous Material Handling Vehicle.

2019-10-22
2019-01-2611
The ground mobile robotics study is structured on the two pivotal members namely Sensor perception and Motion planning. Sensor perception or Exteroception comprises the ability of measurement of the layout of environment relative to vehicle’s frame of reference which is a necessity for the implementation of safe navigation towards the goal destination in an unstructured environment. Environment scanning has played a significant role in mobile robots application to investigate the unexplored environment in the sector of defence while transporting and handling material in warehouse and hospitals. Motion Planning is a conjunction of analysing the sensor’s information about the local frame and global map while being able to plan the route from starting point to the target destination. In this paper, a 3600 2-D LiDAR is used to capture the spatial information of the surrounding, the scanning results are presented in a local and global map.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Drag Reduction of an Intercity Bus through Surface Modifications - A Numerical Simulation

2019-10-11
2019-28-0045
The maximum power produced by the Engine is utilized in overcoming the Aerodynamic resistance while the remaining has been used to overcome rolling and climbing resistance. Increasing emission and performance demands paves way for advanced technologies to improve fuel efficiency. One such way of increasing the fuel efficiency is to reduce the aerodynamic drag of the vehicle. Buses emerged as the common choice of transport for people in India. By improving the aerodynamic drag of the Buses, the diesel consumption of a vehicle can be reduced by nearly about 10% without any upgradation of the existing engine. Though 60 to 70 % of pressure loads act on the frontal surface area of the buses, the most common techniques of reducing the drag in buses includes streamlining of the surfaces, minimizing underbody losses, reduced frontal area, pressure difference between the front & rear area and minimizing of flow separation & wake regions.
Technical Paper

Squeak Behavior of Plastic Interfaces

2019-10-11
2019-28-0083
Automotive is getting advanced and increasingly comfortable with new technologies and demand from customers. Car cabins have become much quieter as compared yesteryears. Where the outside noise has gone down significantly, secondary and small noises like squeak and rattle have become more prominent. Squeak though a transient and short lived, is an unexpected noise and often considered as an irritant. There is an increasing need felt to eliminate squeak completely from the interiors of the vehicle where choice materials play dominant role. This article briefs about the work done on evaluating different plastic interfaces for squeak behavior using Stick-Slip method. Some plastic surfaces were even tested with other interfaces like leather and vinyl coated fabrics. Choice of plastic material and interfaces to be tested were shortlisted after studying many different vehicles and benchmarking.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Development of an Effective Framework for Implementation and Sustenance of an Obsolescence Material Management System in an Aerospace Supplier Manufacturing Industry Environment

2019-10-11
2019-28-0145
Obsolescence Material management plays an important and vital role in today’s modern Aerospace manufacturing, Aerospace Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul industry as well as Aerospace Distributors. Aerospace vehicles have a considerable longer product life-cycle when compared to any other consumer goods like automobile and electronics industry. With the advent of new, disruptive technologies, many sources and supplies of materials including COTS and Standard catalogue parts, components and goods, which are widely used in an Aerospace manufacturing environment, are diminishing at a considerable rate and thus result in their obsolescence before the end disposal of the product life cycle. It is one of the leading causes to the sale of counterfeit and fraudulent parts and components, which can result in considerable deterioration of Quality and Cost to Customer.
Technical Paper

Effect of Inventory Storage on Automotive Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries

2019-09-20
2019-01-5081
The battery is a central part of the vehicle’s electrical system and has to undergo cycling in a wide variety of conditions while providing an acceptable service life. Within a typical distribution chain, automotive lead-acid batteries can sit in storage for months before delivery to the consumer. During storage, batteries are subjected to a wide variety of temperature profiles depending on facility-specific characteristics. Additionally, batteries typically do not receive any type of maintenance charge before delivery. Effects of storage time, temperature, and maintenance charging are explored. Flooded lead-acid batteries were examined immediately after storage and after installation in vehicles subjected to normal drive patterns. While phase composition is a major consideration, additional differences in positive active material (PAM) were observed with respect to storage parameters.
Standard

Aluminum Alloy, Plate (7065-T7651) 7.7Zn – 2.1Cu – 1.65Mg - 0.10Zr Solution Heat Treated, Stress-Relieved, and Overaged

2019-09-18
WIP
AMS4351A

This specification covers an aluminum alloy in the form of plate products from from 1.000 to 6.000 inches (152.40 mm) in thickness.

7065-T7651 may be used in aerospace applications requiring high strength and good fracture toughness, good resistance to stress-corrosion cracking and to exfoliation corrosion, but usage is not limited to such applications.

Standard

Filiform Corrosion Test Procedure for Painted Aluminum Wheels and Painted Aluminum Wheel Trim

2019-09-18
WIP
J2635
This test procedure defines a laboratory procedure for generating and evaluating filiform corrosion on painted aluminum wheels and painted aluminum wheel trim. While this test was developed specifically for the testing of painted aluminum wheels and wheel trim it may be applicable to other components. The application owner will need to assess if this test generates filiform similar to that found in the relevant usage to ensure it will provide accurate data for the application.
Standard

Paint System, Fluorescent, Removable, for Aircraft Application

2019-09-18
WIP
AMSP21600B
This specification covers the requirements for a high visibility, durable, exterior fluorescent paint system consisting of a pigmented fluorescent paint with a clear protective overcoating containing a weathering stabilizer. This paint system is capable of being removed without softening the permanent undercoats.
Technical Paper

Analysis of a Coupling System of Aircraft Environmental Control and Fuel Tank Inerting Based on Membrane Separation

2019-09-16
2019-01-1895
This paper raises a coupling system of aircraft environmental control and fuel tank inerting based on membrane separation. The system applies a membrane dehumidifier to replace water vapor removal unit of heat regenerator, condenser and water separator, which is widely used in conventional aircraft environmental control system (ECS) nowadays. Water vapor can travel across the membrane wall under its pressure difference without phase change, so the dehumidification process consumes no cooling capacity as traditional ECS and the cooling capacity of the new system increases. This paper first compares the thermodynamic properties of ECS based on membrane dehumidification and the traditional ECS based on condensation. The results show that the membrane dehumidification system has larger cooling capacity and lighter weight. For a given cooling capacity requirement, the membrane dehumidification system can use less bleed air since the enthalpy of the outlet air is lower.
Technical Paper

Low-Cost and Light-Weight Fireproof Material for Aircraft: Interior, Cargo Compartment and Unit Load Device (Fire and Explosion Container ULD)

2019-09-16
2019-01-1857
Fire is a dramatic issue in aircraft nowadays, especially for composite air craft. An additional issue is the dangerous use of flammable Li-Ion batteries in many devices. To minimize fire issues, it is proposed to produce aircraft interiors, fire doors, cargo bay walls, and cargo containers that are able to contain a fire inside them, with our ceramic composite called TOUGHCERAM®. It is low-cost, ceramic, damage tolerant, and flexible between minus 100°C and plus 350°C. TOUGHCERAM® poly-crystalizes between 20°C and 110°C and can be reinforced with fibers (carbon or basalt). It will survive 90 minutes under direct contact with a propane torch of 1900°C. TOUGHCERAM® does not burn or smoke. This paper will explain how it is possible to develop a fully mineral-ceramic offering with unique mechanical, fire, and blast containment properties.
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