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Standard

Brake Force Distribution Field Test Procedure for Truck and Bus

2003-04-29
CURRENT
J225_200304
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a field test procedure and instructions for: a Instrumentation and Equipment b Vehicle Preparation c Test of air-braked single and combination vehicles d Calculation of brake force distribution e This test procedure is intended to be used as a field procedure. If a more refined method, utilizing laboratory equipment, is required, refer to SAE J1505.
Standard

Diesel Fuel Injector Assembly Type 28 (9.5 mm)

2002-10-25
HISTORICAL
J1984_200210
This document specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of a type of fuel injector used in diesel engines.
Standard

Vehicle and Control Modifications for Drivers with Physical Disabilities Terminology

1991-06-01
HISTORICAL
J2094_199106
The terms included in this SAE Information Report have been collected during the development of SAE documents related to standards for the adaptation of vehicles for use by persons with physical disabilities. It includes only those terms that are pertinent to the adaptive devices discipline, leaving to other authorities more common automotive engineering terms. Where several terms have a common meaning in the practice, the Terminology Task Force has attempted to select the most appropriate term. The Terminology Task Force recognizes that there will be a need to expand and update current terminology as advances in the industry occur, and as related standards documents are completed. Accordingly, they will continue to develop and maintain this document to reflect those changes.
Book

Future Technology for Hybrid and Pure Electric Cars 2015-2025

2014-11-01
E-cars are oversupplied and changing in all respects but in this frenzy of birth and death the future is being created with hybrid cars rapidly gaining market share. The sales of pure electric cars are likely to take off in the second half of the coming decade as certain technical and cost challenges are resolved. Toyota and Tesla have hugely benefitted from correct market positioning. Yet, Toyota is now betting strongly on fuel- cell hybrids, and Tesla on mainstream pure electric cars. A vicious shakeout of car and battery manufacturers has commenced with the winners expecting a handsome pay-off. IDTechEx finds that the global sales of hybrid and pure electric cars will triple to $178.9 billion in 2024 as they are transformed. For example, components are becoming integrated; the range extender, as an optional extra, breaks down the difference between pure electric and hybrid. Car manufacturers vertically integrate and collaborate, competing with their suppliers.
Book

Two-Wheelers, Micro-EVs (Quadricycles), Mobility for Disabled 2013-2023

2014-11-01
This report looks closely at global trends in light electric vehicles’ (LEVs) technology, manufacture and market drivers such as legislation and the fact that several Chinese cities are banning or severely restricting LEVs. In the last few years, nearly every nation has bought ebikes from China, and in some cases, the volumes are now significant. Sales will reach 130 million yearly before 2025, making it one of the world's largest industries. The report encompasses over 70 brands, and gives forecasts of sales numbers, unit prices and total market value for 2013-2023. A significant percentage of ebikes sold are scooters in that they have the driver's feet rest on a platform - they are not straddled by the driver. Today, the LEV industry is dominated by large bicycle companies, due to their access to distribution. In the future, these companies will face major competition, and may be pushed aside by car, motorcycle, and car parts companies.
Book

Hybrid and Electric Buses and Taxis 2013-2023: Forecasts, Opportunities, Players

2014-01-01
This is the world's first report forecasting the global market for electric buses and taxis both hybrid and pure electric. It separately forecasts the market in the most important area, China, and it takes a detailed look at technologies present and future with a blunt assessment of reasons for failure and threats for the future. The market for electric buses and taxis will multiply over 8 times in the next decade, approaching $60 billion not long after that. China will become by far the largest market for both electric buses and electric taxis within the decade. This report looks at the statistics and trends for conventional buses and taxis, the government incentives, paybacks and new technologies with detailed tables and figures to summarize the situation, so the reader can understand the situation with ease.
Book

The Global Automotive Exterior LED Market: Trends & Forecasts to 2018

2014-10-01
LEDs are now acknowledged as the mainstream standard light source of what might reasonably be called ‘the future already in progress’. Their small size, powerful light emission, extreme reliability, low energy requirement and long lifespan mean that LEDs continue to make quick inroads in automotive sectors governed by cost and performance demands alike. Indeed, since the last edition of this report was published in 2010, the sector has continued to witness a blistering rate of innovation, and LEDs have now broken every automotive application barrier. Nevertheless, there are other light source technologies that have sprung from LED research and development, and some are poised to supplement – or even, in certain applications, supplant them.
Book

Vehicle Occupant Restraint Systems: Trends, Companies, Market Forecasts to 2020

2012-07-01
With an ever greater value placed on safety by consumers, vehicle manufacturers around the world are rushing to develop new and innovative safety systems. The average safety content per vehicle has risen 17% since 2004 to around $270 per car in 2012. And this figure is set to grow, both in the established markets of North America, Western Europe and Japan, as well as the developing markets such as China and Brazil. But although the prospects look good for the major suppliers of conventional and advanced occupant safety systems, increasing unit growth will be partly offset by strong pricing pressure from vehicle manufacturers. Brand new research on automotive vehicle occupant restraint systems The 2012 edition of this report reviews the key market drivers for vehicle occupant restraint systems, extending and updating the analysis originally published in 2004, as well as reviewing the trends in the intervening eight years.
Book

EV/Hybrid Batteries & Battery Material Suppliers: An Automotive Market Review

2012-01-01
Based on extensive research conducted throughout 2011 by ABOUT Automotive, including many senior-level interviews at the major sector companies, this first edition study provides fresh, unbiased insight in a number of areas, including: • The market for EV/hybrid batteries and battery material suppliers, determining the trends and topical issues, as well as providing valuable market sector data; • The main manufacturers in both the battery and battery material supplier sectors; • Vehicle manufacturer strategy analysis of the major players involved with EV/hybrid batteries; and • A statistical appendix including model-level sales data for EV/hybrid vehicles. The report also includes an authoritative analysis of the following leading vehicle manufacturer strategies: • Toyota • Honda • Mitsubishi • Nissan • Suzuki, Mazda and other Japanese manufacturers • Japanese bus and truck manufacturers • North American OEMs • European OEMs • Asia OEMs
Book

Global Engine Trends & Forecasts to 2020

2012-11-01
In this second edition the key market drivers for petrol, diesel and hybrid engine trends are reviewed, to extend and update the analysis originally published in 2008, and re-evaluate the trends in the intervening four years. It provides an authoritative overview of both the technology issues (both present and future), and regulatory (emissions) concerns involved with this sector. Drivers and forecasts for global engine trends through to 2020 are identified, and data is provided by region for petrol, diesel and Hybrid/EV engine production. The research also highlights consumer trends in engine buying, explaining how the three main developed-market areas have evolved remarkably different consumer preferences.
Book

Vehicle Security & Access Systems

2009-09-01
This exclusive new report from ABOUT Automotive updates and extends their first analysis of this sector, which was published in 2005. This new research looks at the ways in which the market for passive entry and other related technologies have developed. In particular, the report looks at the development of smart keys and additional features which the car companies have added to door latches and locking systems including power release, power close and developments in keyless entry. The report also identifies the main suppliers in this market, analyses their product offerings and strategies ─ as well as their strengths and weaknesses. Market shares throughout the markets of Europe, North America and Japan are also provided.
Book

Vehicle Manufacturers in the Race for Environmental Success

2008-12-01
This ground-breaking new report from ABOUT Automotive assesses to what extent the automotive industry has started to clean up its act, and reduce its environmental impact. The report tackles two clear problems; the damage we are causing to the planet (climate change), and the fact that we, as a society, are dependent on a finite resource (peak oil). The report also assesses the industry’s response to the answer to these two problems – a reduction in energy use and a switch to sustainable renewable energy sources. Central to this new research is the exclusive “Green ranking.” The 12 leading vehicle manufacturers are individually assessed, and ranked according to a variety of criteria – using examples of best practice as benchmarks. The vehicle manufacturers covered are: • BMW • Daimler • Fiat • Ford • GM • Honda • Hyundai • Nissan • PSA • Renault • Toyota • Volkswagen The activities, attitudes and strategies of the 12 vehicle manufacturers are also charted.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-10-01

2008-10-01
Tying it all together Networks link control modules to bring more features and functions to the job site. Collaboration tools spread a wide net PLM suppliers are offering new tools that aid collaboration, expanding on core offerings in PDM, CAD, and CAE. The drive toward a hybrid transmission In-wheel hydraulic motors, hydraulic transformers, and a common pressure rail with accumulators put new meaning in the word drivetrain. A deep dive into metallurgical failure Even with the best engineering processes and quality planning, deviations can occur with the incoming material, things can go wrong during the manufacturing process, and service conditions can be different than expected. Standards and 'coopetition' In the heavy-duty vehicle arena, adoption of standards for networking benefits everyone.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-04-01

2008-04-01
Engineering a cleaner off-highway world As engine manufacturers gear up to meet the next round of stringent emissions standards, equipment manufacturers are reviewing a number of design possibilities. Plugging in for safety Electronics dig deep to help protect operators and equipment. Leveraging the best of both worlds Combustion and aftertreatment technologies help engine manufacturers balance performance with emissions reduction.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2007-04-01

2007-04-01
Help from above Cell towers and satellites enable people to keep equipment running. Cleaner and quieter diesels To meet tightening regulations, engineers are tasked with adding more and more components and systems to take away more and more emissions. Connecting sensors Suppliers and road construction OEMs have teamed to develop an application profile for sensor interfaces.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2001-04-01

2001-04-01
Operator station innovations Off-highway engineers work hard to provide comfort, ease of operation, and reliability to users. As an added challenge, they must design for operators who can spend an entire day working hard in their cab. Designing online Major developments in internet-based technologies are profoundly changing the engineering/design process, revolutionizing the way OEMs and suppliers do business, and speeding the industry's time-to-market. FEA simulation of an electrohydraulic system Researchers from the Milwaukee School of Engineering provide an accurate model of a typical magentic actuator Predicting injury in forklift upsets Researchers from the Biomechanics Institute present test results that demonstrate operators can prevent ejection and injury from a forklift if they are lap-belted and have either a winged seat or hip restraint.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2005-04-01

2005-04-01
Hydrogen possibilities Using hydrogen in an internal-combustion engine application requires not only a custom-engineered combustion concept, but also optimized operation strategies. Nets catch on Engineers have been slow to adopt networks, but that is changing quickly as electronically controlled engines take hold. Hydraulic matters There is much potential for gain for everyone if OEMs and suppliers work together early in terms of hydraulic system design. Asia hot on new cooling technology Not tied as much to aluminum as is the West, china and Russia are moving fast toward widespread use of copper and brass for radiators. Build, test, teview, and improve SAE 100 Future Look; Frank Perna, Chairman and CEo of MSC. Software writes about his experience in vehicle engineering, testing, and management positions.
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