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High Efficiency IC Engines, 2011

2011-04-12
The 10 papers in this technical paper collection discuss high efficiency IC engines. Topics include: fuel reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in light- and heavy-duty engines; fuel effects on reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion at low load; advantages of variable compression ratio in internal combustion engines; piston and valve deactivation for improved part load performances of internal combustion engines; and more.
Collection

High Efficiency IC Engines, 2013

2013-04-09
The 24 papers in this technical paper collection focus on technologies such as advanced and partially mixed combustion, cooled EGR boosting, ignition and direct injection technologies, pressure boosting, intelligent combustion, thermal efficiency including waste heat recovery, fully variable valvetrains.
Collection

High Efficiency IC Engines Concepts, 2014

2014-04-01
This technical paper collection focuses on technologies such as advanced and partially mixed combustion, cooled EGR boosting, ignition and direct injection technologies, pressure boosting, intelligent combustion, thermal efficiency, fully variable valvetrains, and other new and developing technologies.
Collection

Fuel Economy Improved & CO2 Reduction, Commercial Vehicle 2015

2015-09-29
This technical paper collection explores total vehicle and powertrain technologies for on and off-road commercial vehicles aimed at reduction of CO2 emissions through design, analysis, and testing techniques. The topics may include energy analysis/management/optimization, current and proposed emission legislation, certification techniques, powertrain integration, weight reduction, idle reduction, and friction/parasitic reduction.
Book

Hybrid Powered Vehicles

2003-10-17
Increased concern with global warming and energy security renewed interest in hybrid vehicles. This report explores the basis of hybrid components and system engineering, and then delves into the design constraints, challenges and opportunities. Hybrid Powered Vehicles concludes with an expert's outlook on developments in the technology, its applications and potential markets.
Book

Automotive 2030--North America

2011-08-25
The current rapid rate of innovation in the automotive industry is primarily fueled by the need to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions, increase use of electronics for infotainment and safety, and global development. This full-color book delves into these megatrends to arm decision-makers with information that will help them remain competitive in the North American automotive market for the next 20 years. The first third of the book covers improvements to existing technologies-engines, transmissions, bodies and materials-for better fuel economy. The second portion of the book delves into alternate fuel sources for vehicles and associated technologies. The focus of the final third of the book is the emergence of the smart car. Readers will come away with a renewed understanding of the complicated set of trends that will affect the automotive industry for the next 20 years, and how to effectively address them.
Book

Future Automotive Fuels and Energy

2013-08-05
This book sheds light on three essential questions: 1. What is the likely supply of gasoline and diesel from oil worldwide to power light vehicles and trucks through 2030-2035? 2. Could any other fuel economically replace gasoline? Will different parts of the world answer that question differently? 3. How will the answers to these questions affect what we engineer, make, and drive in 2030–2035? As difficult as it is to predict timing of these events, the book presents reasonable assumptions and alternative scenarios. Since a switch to alternative technologies will require substantial investment, it is critical to have a sense of when. Despite the global reach of the automotive industry, it is unlikely that a solution for one region will fit all. A more reasonable goal is a set of projected ‘ecosystems’ using differing amounts of oil, electricity, or alternative fuels. From this, automotive managers and leaders can get a sense of how to make business decisions for the future.
Book

Innovations in Automotive Transmission Engineering

2003-12-15
The automotive transmission plays a vital role in the vehicle powertrain, yet in an optimum operation environment it is invisible to the customer. This report examines the technological innovations in transmission design that contribute to important overall vehicle characteristics such as fuel economy, vehicle performance, quality and reliability. This book is a reference providing background and solid supportive data for the manager and engineer with responsibility for directing the application of the transmission in vehicle design concepts. Historical information is briefly reviewed as a basis for the state of development of future transmissions. Topics Covered: Transmission Types Gearing the Transmission Transmission Controls Performance Attributes Transmission Efficiency and Internal Component Power Losses Harnessing Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH) and more
Book

Alternative Fuels

2002-09-15
With the vitality and economic growth of the U.S. being linked to affordable transportation, the use of alternative fuels is beginning to play a larger role. The use "alternative fuel" has been used to describe any fuel suggested for use in transportation vehicles other than gasoline or diesel. Since 1998, more than half of the petroleum the U.S. economy requires has been supplied by imports. In addition, the climatological and scientific community has warned that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will cause global change. Alternative Fuels examines the accepted alternative fuels, providing historical background, physical and chemical properties, production technology, and forecasts for each fuel. Alternative transportation fuels addressed include: methanol, ethanol, propane, natural gas, biodiesel, hydrogen, and electricity. Chapters include: The Argument for Alternative Fuels Methanol Ethanol Propane Natural Gas Electricity and more
Book

Insight: Fuel Effiency: Fuel Economy Testing (DVD)

2015-04-15
"Spotlight on Design: Insight" features an in-depth look at the latest technology breakthroughs impacting mobility. Viewers are virtually taken to labs and research centers to learn how design engineers are enhancing product performance/reliability, reducing cost, improving quality, safety or environmental impact, and achieving regulatory compliance. As global concerns about the negative consequences of greenhouse gases on the environment increase, regulatory agencies around the world are taking serious steps to address the issue of tailpipe emissions In the episode "Fuel Efficiency: Fuel Economy Testing" (12:01), engineers at the EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory demonstrate how different vehicles are tested for emissions, and AVL’s technical team shows how accurate tailpipe emissions can be measured and reported.
Book

Fuel Efficiency: Racing Toward CAFE 2025 (DVD)

2015-04-15
"Spotlight on Design" features video interviews and case study segments, focusing on the latest technology breakthroughs. Viewers are virtually taken to labs and research centers to learn how design engineers are enhancing product performance/reliability, reducing cost, improving quality, safety or environmental impact, and achieving regulatory compliance. Fuel efficiency, or simply put, how to get more mileage out of the same amount of fuel has become one of the main goals to be achieved by new automotive technologies in the future, thanks in part to new government regulations. In the episode "Fuel Efficiency: Racing toward CAFE 2025" (21:24) AVL engineers show simulation and testing being used to design more fuel efficient vehicles, including the equipment that actually analyzes fuel economy.
Collection

Control System Design & Calibration, 2018

2018-04-03
Separate sub-sessions cover powertrain control, calibration, and system-level optimization processes related to achieving stringent market fuel economy, emissions, performance, reliability, and quality demands. Topics include the control, calibration, and diagnostics of the engine, powertrain, and subsystems related to energy management in conventional and hybrid operation, considering the simultaneous optimization of hardware design parameters and control software calibration parameters.
Collection

Controls for Hybrids and Electric Powertrains, 2018

2018-04-03
The papers in this collection cover powertrain control processes related to achieving stringent market fuel economy, emissions, performance, reliability, and quality demands of hybrid and electric powertrains. Topics include the control, calibration, and diagnostics of the engine, powertrain, and supporting electromechanical subsystems related to energy management.
Collection

Fuel and Additive Effects on Engine Systems, 2017

2017-03-28
Topics include the effects of fuel and additives on deposit formation, intake system cleanliness, friction, wear, corrosion, and elastomer compatibility. Also covered are effects of fuel specification on drivability, on evaporative emissions, and on the relationship between emissions and drive cycle.
Collection

Control System Design & Calibration, 2017

2017-03-28
Separate sub-sessions cover powertrain control, calibration, and system-level optimization processes related to achieving stringent market fuel economy, emissions, performance, reliability, and quality demands. Topics include the control, calibration, and diagnostics of the engine, powertrain, and subsystems related to energy management in conventional and hybrid operation, considering the simultaneous optimization of hardware design parameters and control software calibration parameters.
Collection

Controls for Hybrids and Electric Powertrains, 2017

2017-03-28
The papers in this collection cover powertrain control processes related to achieving stringent market fuel economy, emissions, performance, reliability, and quality demands of hybrid and electric powertrains. Topics include the control, calibration, and diagnostics of the engine, powertrain, and supporting electromechanical subsystems related to energy management.
Standard

Diesel Fuels

2017-06-07
CURRENT
J313_201706
Automotive and locomotive diesel fuels, in general, are derived from petroleum refinery products which are commonly referred to as middle distillates. Middle distillates represent products which have a higher boiling range than gasoline and are obtained from fractional distillation of the crude oil or from streams from other refining processes. Finished diesel fuels represent blends of middle distillates and may contain other blending components of substantially non-petroleum origin, such as biodiesel fuel blend stock, and/or middle distillates from non-traditional refining processes, such as gas-to-liquid processes. The properties of commercial distillate diesel fuels depend on the refinery practices employed and the nature of the crude oils from which they are derived. Thus, they may differ both with and within the region in which they are manufactured. Such fuels generally boil, at atmospheric pressure, over a range between 130 °C and 400 °C (approximately 270 °F to 750 °F).
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