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2016 Passenger Car and 2015 Concept Car Yearbook

2015-12-15
Carmakers release new models every year with advanced technology to attract consumer interest and to satisfy increasingly stringent government regulations. Some of these technologies are firsts or leading-edge, and they start trends that more companies will soon follow. Snapshots of the direction of the automotive industry, along with OEM and supplier perspectives, are presented in these articles that have been collected by the Editors of Automotive Engineering whose aim is to provide the reader with a complete overview of the key advances that took place over the course of one model year. • Provides a single source for information on the key engineering trends of one year. • Allows the reader to skip to chapters that cover specific car models that interest them, or read about all models from beginning to end. • Includes plenty of big, full-color images and the facts about the most recent technology and engineering innovations.
Technical Paper

21 Cubic Yard 580 PAY® Loader

1975-02-01
750817
To effectively utilize larger trucks (85 ton and up), open-pit mines and quarries need a larger front-end loader with high reliability and performance. This paper describes the design approach and tests carried out to design 21 cubic yard 580 PAY® loader to meet these requirements. Long fatigue life of structures was obtained by use of full penetration welds. New concept for power control was designed to effectively distribute power between hydraulics and drive train. Spring applied - pressure released brakes were designed into the axle. Tests were carried out in our laboratory and proving grounds to determine performance and reliability.
Standard

265°F Vacuum Cure, Epoxy Prepregs

2017-11-08
WIP
AMS6566
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have one slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F Vacuum Cure, Epoxy Prepregs Type 42, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 12K-193-SFP-OSI

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6566/1
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have one slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepreg, Type 33, Class 1, Grade 148, Intermediate Modulus Carbon Fiber

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6568/1
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have three slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepreg, Type 40, Class 2, Grade 195, Style 3K-PW, Standard Modulus Carbon Fiber

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6568/2
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepregs

2017-11-08
WIP
AMS6568
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have three slash/detail specs.
Technical Paper

2D/3D Painted TPO Fascia Testing to Mimic Real World Friction Induced Damage by Cohesive and Delamination Failures

1998-02-23
980712
Durability tests have been initiated on olefinic and production painted fascias. Both 2D and 3D tests have provided insights into Friction Induced Damage (FID) failure mechanics. Full scale, 3D tests of automotive fascia mimic the parking lot rubbing contact between cars with friction forces exceeding 5000. N. 2D tests provide the cost effective approach to materials research by isolating the failure mechanics in the upper 250 μm of the decorated TPO where the cosmetic damage is initiated. Initial findings show some olefinic paint, TPO combinations to be more damage resistant for realistic frictional contact scenarios.
Technical Paper

3-Dimensional Description of Sheet Metal Surfaces

1995-02-01
950918
During sheet metal forming processes, the friction conditions have a decisive influence on forming limits, the robustness of the production process and the quality of the parts produced, with significant forces required to overcome friction between the sheet and the tools. If lot-to-lot reproducibility is to be guaranteed, an appropriate method of characterizing the sheet surface topography is needed to monitor the sheet metal fabrication process. Newly developed optical measurement techniques and computer workstation technology are presented which enable the topography of sheet surfaces to be described in three dimensions.
Technical Paper

3-Dimensional Modeling of the Regeneration in SiC Particulate Filters

2005-04-11
2005-01-0953
In order to use modeling as a predictive tool for real-world particulate filter designs (segmented filters, non-axisymmetric designs), it is necessary to develop reliable 3-dimensional models. This paper presents a 3 d modeling approach, which is validated against engine-bench measurements with both FBC and CDPF systems. Special emphasis is given to the prediction of the transient inlet flow distribution, which is realized without resorting to external CFD software. The experimental and modeling results illustrate the 3-d nature of the problem, induced by the heat capacity and conductivity effects of the cement layers. It is possible to predict the localization of regeneration in certain areas of the filter (partial regeneration), as a result of poor heat transfer to thermally isolated regions in the filter. The accuracy of the model was validated by extensive comparisons with temperature measurements in 30 positions inside the filters and at various operating conditions.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 1

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/3A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 1

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/3
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 2

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/2
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 2

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/2A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 38, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 3K-70-PW, Fiber 1

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/1A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 38, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 3K-70-PW, Fiber 1

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/1
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Technical Paper

3D Engine Analysis and MLS Cylinder Head Gaskets Design

2002-03-04
2002-01-0663
Multi-layer steel (MLS) cylinder head gaskets are becoming more widely used to seal an engine. Therefore, it is important to understand the interaction between the engine head, block and head gasket. While experimental methods for determining necessary gasket tightening loads and experimental data relating some gasket design parameters to failure are available, it is very costly and time consuming. A numerical method, such as the finite element (FE) method, has proven to be very useful and efficient in aiding gasket design. A 3D engine FE analysis can predict a number of parameters. Of particular interest are the motion as well as the contact profile of the head, block and gasket. This information, usually difficult or impossible to obtain from a 2D FE analysis, can be used to predict the two most common failure modes of a gasket, fatigue crack and leakage.
Technical Paper

3D Heat Transfer Analysis of a Moving Heat Source

2005-04-11
2005-01-1246
The paper will model a welding process as a moving heat source through the work piece and investigate the effectiveness of various pre-heating mechanisms, including moving heat sources and the thermal strips. The reduction of thermal conductivity in the material around the tool due to rising temperature will be considered in the study. The paper represents an initial attempt to develop a nonlinear, time-discontinuous, p-version Galerkin method for the study of thermal effects in the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process. Numerical results and the topics for further studies are presented.
Technical Paper

3D Image Metrology for Lean Manufacturing

1999-06-05
1999-01-2290
The need to improve quality while reducing cost in aerospace manufacturing is requiring new manufacturing methods and processes. Advanced technologies, such as 3D Image Metrology, offer great potential to lean manufacturing, if properly integrated into the production process. Over the last years 3D Image Metrology has developed a level of performance, which make it ideally suited for this purpose. These capabilities include the automatic in-process inspection of tools and parts before machining, machine control for highly accurate positioning during the machining operation, and in-process inspection during machining. This offers jig-less assembly, lower inventory, faster part throughput, and many more advantages.
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