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Optimization Techniques Applied to the Problem of Ground Vehicles Accidents Reconstruction

One of the most interesting and challenging applications in engineering is the solution of inverse problems. In this kind of problem we have as an example the scientific approach of the ground vehicle accident reconstruction. Another directly related theme is collisions analysis, either in the context of an accident reconstruction, or in the context of the vehicle crashworthiness, associated to its structural integrity and their occupants’ passive safety. In this paper the application of optimization techniques for the treatment of ground vehicles collision inverse problem using models of rigid or flexible bodies is discussed. We present an example of the classic approach, the conjugated directions method, and one of the modern, the genetic algorithms.