This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers handicapped passenger boarding devices used airside to transfer handicapped passengers between the terminal building and the aircraft. It provides an elevating platform to facilitate access to the aircraft; it does not cover devices for in-terminal or streetside transfers, wheelchairs for on-board aircraft or in-terminal usage, or aircraft boarding bridges. However, it should be recognized that for many handicapped passengers, a boarding chair is necessary for the lifting operation and movement to the passenger's seat inside the aircraft cabin. Such wheelchairs are widely used in larger aircraft, and the Federal Aviation Agency has developed a performance specification for a boarding chair for commuter aircraft.
The following recommendations and suggestions are made for consideration for procurement of new equipment, or modification to existing equipment where practical. Excluded from this AIR is mobile ground equipment, such as fork lift trucks and front end loaders, that have a functional requirement for simultaneous vehicle motion and accessory operation.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to recommend a minimum standard, for the design and manufacturer of a self-propelled, chassis mounted passenger boarding vehicle. The vehicle will permit safe operation while minimizing aircraft damage and personnel safety hazards associated with commercial aircraft boarding operations. The vehicle described is intended to be used for assisting wheelchair passengers and passengers with disabilities on and off aircraft with door sill heights of 60 in (152.4 cm) and above.
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines the design and functional requirements for aircraft passenger lifts, operated manually and self-propelled. The primary function of the lift described in this document is to act as an elevator between ground level and aircraft doorsills to a maximum of 144 in.
This paper deals with specific standards related to air cargo equipment and systems and associated ground equipment produced by ISO/TC20/Subcommittee 9 and why these standards must be recognized in configurating cargo aircraft of the future. Emphasis is placed on standards for cargo unit load devices, i.e., containers (especially the 8 × 8 ft size), pallets, nets and the associated loading equipment as to their role in affecting aircraft design. Various concepts for the wide-body cargo airplane of the future are also explored.
This Aerospace Recommended Practice includes the following areas: basis for system requirements; selection of materials coupled with hazards and safety; configuration of design; system operation; and evaluation testing.
This document applies to special purpose equipment which is used in the ground handling, servicing, and maintenance of transport aircraft. Fixed airport facilities and equipment covered under other sections of Part 1910 of Code of Federal Regulations (OSHA) are excluded from the scope of this document.
Abstract No-break power transfer (NBPT) has been used in the 400 Hz aircraft electrical power business for over 30 years. Initially, NBPT was performed on military aircraft or large commercial jets where the interest was to maintain availability of critical equipment during dispatch. Recent-NBPT equipped aircraft such as the 747-400 and MD-11 have demonstrated the desirability of this feature in commercial airline service. Some compatibility issues with solid-state ground power units (GPUs) have also been uncovered.
The data in this document is, at this stage, primarily concerned with the interface of pallet/container loaders and lower-deck compartments of standard and wide-body aircraft although the principles illustrated may be applied to the main-decks of narrow and wide-body aircraft. NOTE: For the purpose of this document, in accordance with Part 3 of the Directives for the technical work of ISO and with accepted IATA practice, minimum essential criteria defined by the word "shall" are absolute requirements. Recommended criteria identified by the word "should", while considered important, are not mandatory.
This paper deals with the broad aspects of how the Society of Automotive Engineers, Aerospace Equipment Division, is involved in promoting air cargo standards on the international scene. As such, the various standards organizations for air cargo items are identified, their charters explained, how they interface with each other, and, specifically, how SAE has an inroad in projecting technical standards developed by Committee AGE-2, Air Cargo & Aircraft Ground Equipment Systems. As a case in point, the 8 foot by 8 foot container specification is traced chronologically.
The airline industry has a long history of publishing ramp equipment specifications through a variety of committees. Experience, including sometimes costly mistakes, indicates that one should be careful in distinguishing technical (design or purchasing) from functional (objectives and performance) specifications. Only functional specifications based on a sufficiently broad and international airline consensus can effectively lead towards airport equipment standardization. In the long range, only the market laws, through free will of both manufacturers and buyers, will determine which equipment is purchased and hence which degree of standardization is effectively achieved.
This specification covers general design and performance requirements for the mobility of towed ground support equipment. The complete mobility requirements for an item of towed aerospace ground equipment not specified herein shall be specified in the individual equipment specification (see 6.4).