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Program - 2024 AeroTech

2024-07-17
Explore AeroTech's Key Tracks, Sessions, and Presentations on hot topics in the Aerospace industry.
Event

Program - 2024 AeroTech

2024-07-17
Explore AeroTech's Key Tracks, Sessions, and Presentations on hot topics in the Aerospace industry.
Technical Paper

Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of a Coaxial Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

2024-02-23
2023-01-5172
The inclination of the analysis done is parallel to gravity; therefore, we have tested for vertical flow since it is a vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) configuration. Variations in the nose cones are also carried, such as the blunt nose cone and the round nose cone.
Technical Paper

A Prophase Simulation Study of Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid System for eVTOL Aircraft in Steady-State Operation

2023-12-31
2023-01-7092
Electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) is defined as vertical lift aircraft propelled by electric power and capable of carrying people. Based on the system of battery powered CY300 eVTOL, a fuel cell-battery hybrid system (FBHS) in steady-state operation as a potential propulsion system for CY300 eVTOL is proposed. In order to analyze the feasibility of FBHS-powered eVTOL system, a mathematical model is established to evaluate the proposed system performance considering various irreversible effects. Furthermore, considerable sensitivity analyses indicate that the payload of the proposed system is considerably benefited by a higher specific energy of the battery system, specific power of the fuel cell system and hydrogen storage ratio of the hydrogen tank. Hydrogen tank weight decreases the payload while enhances the hovering time.
Technical Paper

Design and Evaluation of Electric Propulsion System for Electric VTOL

2023-12-31
2023-01-7094
Electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft (eVTOL) has become a main trend in general aviation. Battery, power electronic and motor have made big progress in the last decades, most companies and research institutions are focusing on the development of 2-5 seat (2 tons maximum takeoff weight) eVTOL products and strat to put into market. This paper tried to defines the design and analysis process of electric propulsion system taking 2-ton eVTOL as an example. Firstly, the parameters of the aircraft is defined and the power and energy consumption was analyzed based on flight phase. Secondly, the electric propulsion system architecture is defined based on the aircraft design. The design and evaluation of propeller, motor, motor controller and battery were carried out respectively. The optimal design of propeller in hover stage and cruise stage is conducted.
Technical Paper

Attitude Stability Control and Visualization Simulation for Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Fixed-Wing Aircraft

2023-12-31
2023-01-7102
Direct debugging of a vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) fixed-wing aircraft’s control system can easily result in risk and personnel damage. It is effectively to employ simulation and numerical methods to validate control performance. ...In this paper, the attitude stabilization controller for VTOL fixed-wing aircraft is designed, and the controller performance is verified by MATLAB and visual simulation software, which significantly increases designed efficiency and safety of the controller. ...In detail, we first develop the VTOL fixed-wing aircraft’s six degrees of freedom kinematics and dynamics models using Simulink module, and the cascade PID control technique is applied to the VTOL aircraft’s attitude stabilization control.
Technical Paper

Energy and Power System Design and Test Verification for Electric VTOL

2023-12-31
2023-01-7115
Electric technology has gradually changed the form of energy use in transportation. Electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft (eVTOL) will become an important means of transportation in the future, bringing significant changes to urban transportation and providing a more convenient and comfortable travel experience for people. eVTOLs are being extensively researched and developed by the global aviation industry as well as by many innovative technology companies. In this paper, we focus on the system design and testing of the four-axis and eight-propeller eVTOL. The overall parameters of the aircraft are defined, and the energy and power architecture design and analysis are carried out. Carry out the hybrid power supply design of lithium battery and fuel cell, and complete the parameter matching design of power system.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: August 2023

2023-08-03
Electrifying Aviation: The Path to Decarbonizing the Skies /Electric aviation mirrors the early stages of the electric vehicle revolution Advances in Military Avionics Technologies Create New Challenges for RF Test and Measurement Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation: The Future of Lightweight Designs in Aerospace and Defense Advanced RF Simulation Reduces Cost and Schedule Risk Assure 5G NTN Performance Before Launch In the complex and quickly evolving 5G NTN landscape, simulating, emulating, and evaluating RF systems boosts mission success. Qualification of Multi-Channel Direction Finding Radar Receivers in The Lab Bullet Impact Testing of Ammunition and Explosives at Picatinny Arsenal A bullet impact (BI) test for evaluating the response of energetically loaded items has been established at the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Command (DEVCOM) Armaments Center (AC) Explosive Development Facility.
Technical Paper

UAM Icing: Ice Accretion Experiments and CFD Icing Simulations on Rotors for eVTOL Unmanned Aircraft

2023-06-15
2023-01-1391
Urban air mobility (UAM) is a fast-growing industry that utilizes electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) technologies to operate in densely populated urban areas with limited space. However, atmospheric icing serves as a limitation to its operational envelope as in-flight icing can happen all year round anywhere around the globe. Since icing in smaller aviation systems is still an emerging topic, there is a necessity to study icing of eVTOL rotors specifically. Two rotor geometries were chosen for this study. A small 15-inch rotor was selected to illustrate a multirotor UAV drone, while a large 80-inch rotor was chosen to represent a UAM passenger aircraft. The ice accretion experiments were conducted in an icing wind tunnel on the small 15-inch rotor. The icing simulations were performed using FENSAP-ICE. The ice accretion simulations of the 15-inch rotor sections at –5 °C show a large, rather streamlined ice shape instead of the expected glaze ice characteristics.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: May 2023

2023-05-11
How Electrification and Autonomy Can Unlock the Potential of Unmanned Ground Vehicles VITA 90: Small Form Factors for UAVs and Other Space Constrained Platforms 3D Scanning Provides Key Weapon for Aerospace and Defense Manufacturing New Approach to Viscosity Enables Complex Motions in Soft Robots Ghoul Tool: The Weapon-Mountable Counter UAS Transmitter Autonomous Surveillance Technologies Relating to Dismounted Soldiers The development of the autonomous applications for dismounted Soldier systems is paramount to defeating our adversaries, such as China and Russia, in future combat. A comprehensive literature re-view is necessary to assist in defining the best path forward. Robust MADER: Decentralized Multiagent Drone Trajectory Planner Communication delays can be catastrophic for multiagent systems. However, most existing state-of-the-art multiagent trajectory planners assume perfect communication and therefore lack a strategy to rectify this issue in real-world environments.
Technical Paper

Power Supply Solutions to Enable the Development of eVTOL Aircrafts

2023-03-07
2023-01-1015
The aerospace industry is undergoing a revolution with the large-scale development of eVTOL (Electric Vertical Take-Off & Landing) and MEA (More Electric Aircraft). These aerial vehicles, many of them unmanned vehicles (UAV), will serve a variety of service-related functions: Search and Rescue (SAR), Medivac, delivery and lift operations, aerial mapping, and, of course, human transportation [1]. Despite its numerous functionalities, this type of vehicle has a serious problem, which is its usual batteries, the main means for its operation. Due to its autonomy not being so effective compared to its charging time, generating a considerable loss of time. In this context, it is necessary to find forms of components that can replace these batteries, so that the effective development of these vehicles is possible. Studies done in other means of transportation point out that the use of hydrogen fuel cells has grown a lot.
Technical Paper

eVTOL Flight: Forecasting Future Training Requirements in an Emerging Aviation Market

2023-03-07
2023-01-1009
Most emerging electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft feature distributed electric propulsion systems with automation features that simplify operations for future pilots. In theory, increasing automation levels should reduce pilot workload, decrease training time, and improve performance consistency. Air Education and Training Command Detachment 62 (AETC/Det 62) sought to test this theory as part of a larger study involving 70+ participants, two eVTOL platform simulators, and multimodal assessments of flight performance. In the present report, we compared expert ratings of flight performance of pilots who do not have prior pilot experience or training (herein referred to as ab initio pilots; i.e., 0 flight hours) to those of experienced pilots (i.e., >300 flight hours) in either a semi-automated or highly-automated simulated eVTOL platform.
Research Report

The Use of eVTOL Aircraft for Military Applications: Last-mile Transport and Logistics

2022-11-15
EPR2022025
Recent advancements in eVTOL aircraft have generated significant interest within and beyond the traditional aviation industry. One promising application is for last-mile (and middle-mile) military transport and logistics, which can complement current mission capabilities and enhance operational readiness. With the dynamic and varying global challenges facing military operations, eVTOL aircraft can offer timely, on-demand, and potentially cost-effective aerial mobility components to the overall solution.
Technical Paper

Design of Four Ducted Fan-Type Electric Vertical Take-off and Landing Flying Car

2022-11-01
2022-01-5092
Under the emerging urban air mobility (UAM) concept, electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft were designed to alleviate urban traffic congestion due to their advantages of low take-off and landing site requirements, less pollution, low noise, and strong stability. However, due to the high-level power consumption of eVTOL and only having air flight mode, this kind of aircraft has a severe shortage of cruising range. To improve the endurance and dynamic performance, the flying car designed in this paper added a ground driving mode based on eVTOL and used distributed ducted fans to provide lift. And the influence of different power transmission routes on the dynamic and economic performance of the flying car was analyzed. On this basis, the overall take-off weight of the flying car was estimated through an iterative algorithm, and parameter design and power system matching for each part of the components were conducted.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: October 2022

2022-10-01
The Distributed Extreme Environment Drive System (DEEDS) What Is It? What Does it Do? How Does It Work? Using Virtual Reality to Improve Product Development Overcoming eVTOL's High-Power Connectivity Challenges Optimized Cutting Tools for Tomorrow's Sustainable Aircraft DC to DC Power Distribution in MilAero Applications Paving the Way for the Next Wireless Breakthroughs Solving Signal Interference Challenges in Aerospace and Defense Electronics In-situ Atmospheric Intelligence for Hybrid Power Grids: Volume 2 (Automated Data Flow Tests) To achieve battlespace dominance, energy flow characterizations of individual platforms and the aggregate battlespace must be developed to adapt and exploit the variable operating conditions.
Journal Article

Supervised Learning Classification Applications in Fault Detection and Diagnosis: An Overview of Implementations in Unmanned Aerial Systems

2022-08-18
Abstract Statistical machine learning classification methods have been widely used in the fault detection analysis in several engineering domains. This motivates us to provide in this article an overview on the application of these methods in the fault diagnosis strategies and also their successful use in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) systems. Different existing aspects including the implementation conditions, offline design, and online computation algorithms as well as computation complexity and detection time are discussed in detail. Evaluation and validation of these aspects have been ensured by a simple demonstration of the basic classification methods and neural network techniques in solving the fault detection and diagnosis problem of the propulsion system failure of a multirotor UAV. A testing platform of an Hexarotor UAV is completely realized.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: August 2022

2022-08-01
The Digital Cockpit of the Future How Human Machine Interface Technology Will Impact Avionics Displays The Science of Joining Dissimilar Metals in Aerospace Manufacturing Designing A/D Converters for the James Webb Space Telescope Vibration Testing NASA's X-57 Maxwell Electric Aircraft Hybrid Circulators for mmWave Systems Transforming Battlespace Communications Pulsed Exposure Toxicity Testing: Method Development and Initial Evaluation for Stormwater Compliance Preliminary research into modifying whole effluent toxicity (WET) testing protocols designed for continuous flow discharges as applied to episodic and/or ephemeral discharges such as those associated with storm water runoff. Upgrade Transonic Compressor Test Rig Data Acquisition System New software programming using commercial off-the-shelf software for acquiring data, processing data, displaying results, and generating reports is implemented to improve the performance of a legacy system.
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