Risk-Adaptive Engine for Secure ADS-B Broadcasts
Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B)  is a technology that can be viewed either as a complement or as an alternative to current radar-based surveillance techniques. ...Despite its many benefits, this technology suffers from the security flaw of having its messages sent as clear text broadcasts, which makes it vulnerable to several kinds of attacks affecting the authenticity and integrity of ADS-b messages - a problem we addressed with a security framework presented in previous work . ...In this paper, we propose to enhance that initial work by using keyed-hash message authentication code  (HMAC) to ensure the authenticity and integrity of ADS-B messages. The proposed improvements include changing the structure of the security-related data and, more importantly, adding a cognitive risk adaptive module.