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Technical Paper

Risk-Adaptive Engine for Secure ADS-B Broadcasts

2015-09-15
2015-01-2520
Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) [1] is a technology that can be viewed either as a complement or as an alternative to current radar-based surveillance techniques. ...Despite its many benefits, this technology suffers from the security flaw of having its messages sent as clear text broadcasts, which makes it vulnerable to several kinds of attacks affecting the authenticity and integrity of ADS-b messages - a problem we addressed with a security framework presented in previous work [2]. ...In this paper, we propose to enhance that initial work by using keyed-hash message authentication code [3] (HMAC) to ensure the authenticity and integrity of ADS-B messages. The proposed improvements include changing the structure of the security-related data and, more importantly, adding a cognitive risk adaptive module.
Standard

INTEGRATED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

2011-06-01
CURRENT
ARINC768-2
Supplement 2 provides enhancements in the traffic surveillance area to support ADS-B Out and ADS-B In functionality, ADS-Re-broadcast capability, and Traffic Information Services Broadcast (TIS-B).
Standard

MARK 3 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TRANSPONDER ATCRBS/MODE S)

1989-12-15
CURRENT
ARINC718-4
This document defines the Air Traffic Control Transponder (ATCRBS/Mode S) with that supports emerging Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) requirements. Supplement 4 adds ADS-B Out capabilities and enables the Mode S Transponder to comply with Mode S Transponder MOPS (RTCA DO-181E and EUROCAE ED-73E) as entered into ICAO Annex 10 Volume IV and ICAO Doc. 9871.
Standard

Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) Displays

2016-03-16
CURRENT
AS6296
Functions that are not covered in this document include: Overspeed Warning; Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System (ATCRBS)/Mode Select (Mode S); Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B); Traffic Information System - Broadcast (TIS-B); Electronic Map Display; Synthetic Vision; Enhanced Vision; Head-Up Displays (HUD); and Head Worn Displays (HWD).
Standard

Minimum Performance Standard for Airborne Multipurpose Electronic Displays

2018-07-30
CURRENT
AS8034C
It does not contain an exhaustive or comprehensive list of requirements for specific systems or functions, such as TCAS, ADS-B, GPS, weather, or shared display considerations (e.g., when should alerts be inhibited on a display system that simultaneously depicts navigation data integrated with terrain data or traffic alerting).
Technical Paper

Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Techniques for RPAS Detect, Track and Avoid

2015-09-15
2015-01-2475
In order to perform an effective detection of objects, a number of high performance, reliable and accurate avionics sensors and systems are adopted including non-cooperative sensors (visual and thermal cameras, Laser radar (LIDAR) and acoustic sensors) and cooperative systems (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) and Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)). In this paper the sensors and system information candidates are fully exploited in a Multi-Sensor Data Fusion (MSDF) architecture.
Technical Paper

A Novel Approach to Cooperative and Non-Cooperative RPAS Detect-and-Avoid

2015-09-15
2015-01-2470
A DAA system architecture is presented based on Boolean Decision Logics (BDL) for selecting non-cooperative and cooperative sensors/systems including both passive and active Forward Looking Sensors (FLS), Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) and Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B). After elaborating the DAA system processes, the key mathematical models associated with both non-cooperative and cooperative DAA functions are presented.
Technical Paper

Pilot-In-The-Loop Evaluation of Cockpit Assistance for Autonomous Operations

2000-10-10
2000-01-5576
It is assumed that full intent information (Trajectory Change Points (TCP)) is transmitted between aircraft through Automatic Dependant Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B). Full Flight Management System (FMS) equipment is required. The experiment described in this paper aimed at gathering more data on autonomous operations from an aircraft perspective, specifically on the acceptability of the concept by pilots, through the evaluation of a prototype interface and of the corresponding procedures.
Standard

Minimum Performance Standard for Airborne Multipurpose Electronic Displays

2011-06-27
HISTORICAL
AS8034B
It does not contain an exhaustive or comprehensive list of requirements for specific systems or functions, such as TCAS, ADS-B, GPS, weather, or shared display considerations (e.g., when should alerts be inhibited on a display system that simultaneously depicts navigation data integrated with terrain data or traffic alerting).
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Near-Term Applications for ADS-B/CDTI Implementation

1998-09-28
985555
Two studies are reported that evaluated near-term terminal and oceanic applications for ADS-B/CDTI implementation. A brief description of each application is provided with an emphasis on how a Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI) capability might help to enhance their operations. In experiment 1, sixteen line pilots flew eight terminal visual approach scenarios with target speed cues and ground track vectors presented on a CDTI. Performance measures revealed closer spacing with the CDTI and a safety benefit with respect to enhanced awareness of proximate traffic speed reductions. In experiment 2, eight additional line pilots flew six oceanic scenarios using a CDTI feature set similar to that used in experiment 1. The scenarios were based on the current In-Trial Climb/In-Trail Descent (ITC/ITD) oceanic procedures and were modified slightly to take advantage of potential CDTI capabilities.
Article

Iridium, Aireon, SpaceX celebrate satellite launch, system deployment

2018-07-26
Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) on July 25, 2018 and placed 10 new Iridium NEXT satellites into low Earth orbit (LEO), bringing the total number of Aireon space-based Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) payloads in orbit to 65 as global air traffic surveillance service nears debut and satellite constellation nears completion.
Standard

GUIDANCE FOR TOOL AND TEST EQUIPMENT (TTE) EQUIVALENCY

2015-08-01
CURRENT
ARINC735B-2
This document defines a Traffic Surveillance capability for NextGen and SESAR airspace environments. Supplement 2 adds hybrid surveillance functionality. It satisfies recent updates to FAA Airworthiness Circular AC 20-151B - Airworthiness Approval of Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS II), and Technical Standard Order TSO-119d requiring the annunciation of a hybrid surveillance failure. Supplement 2 also adds strobe program pinning, updates TCAS inputs status, improves aircraft troubleshooting, and supports recent central maintenance computer function block point updates.
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