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Technical Paper

The Role of a Flight Management System in Terminal Airspace

1980-04-01
800748
To help solve the ever-increasing congestion in terminal airspace around our major cities, the Lockheed Corporation, in conjunction with NASA, has embarked on development of advanced airborne avionics. ...This paper deals with the first phase of this program: adapting an existing L-1011 Flight Management System for accurate timed descents (4-D Descents) to metering fixes in the terminal area.
Standard

Control Measures for Laser Safety in the Navigable Airspace

2020-03-10
CURRENT
ARP5572A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides information and guidance for the control of hazardous laser energy in the navigable airspace. This ARP does not address techniqies that pilots can apply to mitigate laser illuminations during a critical phase of flight.
Standard

Observers for Laser Safety in the Navigable Airspace

2015-02-10
CURRENT
ARP5535A
It may be used in conjunction with SAE Aerospace Standard (AS4970) “Human Factors Considerations for Outdoor Laser Operations in the Navigable Airspace.” Additional control measures may be applicable and are listed in ANSI Z136.6.
Standard

Human Factor Considerations for Outdoor Laser Operations in the Navigable Airspace

2011-12-08
CURRENT
AS4970
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides a method for protecting the navigable airspace around airports from unwanted laser illuminations and a procedure for proponents to seek approval from regulatory agencies for operations of various classes of laser devices and their applications within this volume of airspace. ...This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides a method for protecting the navigable airspace around airports from unwanted laser illuminations and a procedure for proponents to seek approval from regulatory agencies for operations of various classes of laser devices and their applications within this volume of airspace. This document also provides a system of data disclosure deemed necessary for a regulatory agency to determine the potential safety effect of proposed outdoor laser activities upon flight operations within the defined airspace. ...This document also provides a system of data disclosure deemed necessary for a regulatory agency to determine the potential safety effect of proposed outdoor laser activities upon flight operations within the defined airspace.
Standard

Safety Considerations for High-Intensity Lights (HIL) Directed into the Navigable Airspace

2014-02-13
CURRENT
ARP5560
This document applies to regulatory/approving authorities involved with decisions regarding the use of HIL directed into the navigable airspace. For the purpose of this document, lights greater than 0.25 million candlepower meet the minimum threshold of an HIL. ...Lights not directed or reflected into the navigable airspace are not usually considered to interfere with aircraft operations. Laser systems are beyond the scope of this document.
Standard

Safety Considerations for Aircraft-Mounted Lasers Projected Into the Navigable Airspace

2012-08-17
CURRENT
ARP5674
This document is intended to be used for laser systems mounted on aircraft and intended for use in the navigable airspace. This does not include lasers onboard aircraft where the beam is contained within an enclosure so that the beam cannot enter into airspace, nor does it include lasers from satellites and spacecraft in outer space. ...This does not include lasers onboard aircraft where the beam is contained within an enclosure so that the beam cannot enter into airspace, nor does it include lasers from satellites and spacecraft in outer space. It may be used in conjunction with: AS4970, ARP5535, ARP5572, ARP5293, and the ANSI Z136 laser safety standards.
Standard

Evaluation of Human Factor Considerations for Outdoor Laser Operations in the Navigable Airspace

2021-03-01
CURRENT
AIR5995A
This report identifies the reasons for, and results associated with, the conduct of a flight simulation research project evaluating the effect of low powered laser beam illumination of pilot crewmembers operating in the navigable airspace. This evaluation was primarily concerned with the possible degradation of pilot performance when illuminated by a laser while operating in an airport terminal area where pilot workloads are normally at their maximum.
Technical Paper

Terminal Airspace Utilization

1970-02-01
700281
This paper discusses several of the most important operational aspects of terminal airspace utilization from an air traffic control viewpoint. Considerations include the work accomplished by the Department of Transportation's Air Traffic Control Advisory Committee, their FAA staff and industry representatives, as well as other selected efforts in analytical and dynamic simulation. ...Each of the subsystems which are involved in and therefore affect terminal/transition airspace use and capacity such as the airport, approach and landing, navigation, data acquisition, communications and air traffic control are discussed in terms of their relationship and interaction with capacity. ...In addition, new and improved National Airspace System elements will be required to cope with the resultant demand for capacity and safety.
Standard

COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT UNIT (CMU) MARK 2

2011-01-10
CURRENT
ARINC758-3
This document defines a Communications Management Unit (CMU) as an on-board message router capable of managing various datalink networks and services available to the aircraft.
Standard

ADVANCED FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER SYSTEM

2018-08-28
CURRENT
ARINC702A-5
The functional requirements also apply to a Flight Management Function (FMF) in an Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture with software partitions.
Standard

COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT UNIT (CMU) MARK 2

2019-11-26
CURRENT
ARINC758-4
This ARINC Standard specifies the ARINC 758 Mark 2 Communications Management Unit (CMU) as an on-board message router capable of managing various datalink networks and services available to the aircraft.
Standard

ADVANCED FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER SYSTEM

2014-12-15
CURRENT
ARINC702A-4
The Advanced FMCS provides expanded functions beyond that defined in ARINC 702 to support the anticipated requirements for operation in the CNS/ATM operating environment. GNSS and RNP based navigation, air-to-ground data link for communications and surveillance, and the associated crew interface control/display definitions are included.
Technical Paper

Developing Monitoring Requirements for Reduced Separation Airspace

1990-09-01
901977
When a fundamental change is made in an airspace, such as a reduction in the minimum separation between aircraft, it is essential to develop requirements to ensure safe implementation. ...This paper addresses monitoring in the North Atlantic (NAT) minimum navigation performance specification (MNPS) airspace as it is currently performed and the development of monitoring requirements for a 1,000-foot vertical separation minimum above flight level (FL) 290.
Technical Paper

Airport, Airspace, and NAS System Capacity Studies

1998-09-28
985553
Later in the program, local airspace studies were included in some airport study efforts. Both airport and airspace studies include either a full scale design team study or a less detailed tactical initiative. ....” - Jane Garvey, FAA Administrator (4/20/98) The FAA Technical Center (Aviation System Analysis and Modeling Branch, ACT-520) has been responsive to the FAA Airport Capacity Program customers for the past 22 years, developing, testing, and applying airfield and airspace simulation models. More than 90 capacity studies have been completed with ACT-520 personnel contributing their technical expertise to the Airport Design Teams. ...Recently, National Airspace System (NAS) modeling personnel joined the group providing system modeling expertise in the NAS Architecture and Flight 2000 programs.
Technical Paper

Toward the Twenty-First Century - Modernization of the National Airspace System

1982-02-01
821430
The National Airspace System Plan delineates specific improvements for facilities and equipments which must be made in order to meet the projected demands of air transportation through the year 2000. ...The plan focuses on how to best accomplish the following objectives: Accommodate spiralling demands for aviation services Constrain costs Recast the required technical framework Deal with aging facilities The primary purpose of the modernization of the airspace system is to reduce operating costs while enhancing safety. This requires: higher levels of automation consolidation of major facilities
Technical Paper

Analyzing RVSM Requirements in MNPS Airspace and the Effects on Aircraft Operations

2001-09-11
2001-01-2649
In order to safely and efficiently control extremely high air traffic congestion in special navigation areas, reduced vertical separation minimum (RVSM) requirements were established for aircraft operators using Minimum Navigation Performance Specification (MNPS) airspace. Resultant benefits in operating efficiency came with increased costs to aircraft operators in complying with RVSM required navigation equipment, maintenance, training, and operational procedures. ...Commercial air carriers – the predominant users of this airspace – were the prime beneficiaries, while business aircraft operators experienced a non-equitable cost burden.
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