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Technical Paper

Commercial Space Habitation

2001-07-09
2001-01-2172
The inflatable TransHab, the space shuttle external tank, entrepreneurial innovation, and the International Space Station can be used to develop commercial habitation and to give society commercial alternatives in orbit that satisfy habitation requirements and society’s expectations. ...This is 2001, the year society expected to see, and use, the torus shaped, one gravity hotel in the movie “2001, A Space Odyssey.” What happened? The commercial habitation in orbit depicted in the movie has not emerged, but might emerge in the future, if the habitation development transportation costs are reduced and a space tourist industry is stimulated. ...Another problem besides cost is bridging the gap between technical hardware orbital requirements, the hotel industry needs, and society’s expectations for a space tourist experience. The inflatable TransHab, the space shuttle external tank, entrepreneurial innovation, and the International Space Station can be used to develop commercial habitation and to give society commercial alternatives in orbit that satisfy habitation requirements and society’s expectations.
Technical Paper

NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center Mission and Activities

2003-07-07
2003-01-2375
The NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center at Iowa State University was founded in August 1999 and it has the mission to engage industry and academia to develop food products and processes which will benefit NASA and the public. ...The specific objectives are: (1) to develop food products that meet the shelf life requirements for Shuttle, International Space Station (ISS), and planetary outpost which are nine months, one year, and five years, respectively; (2) develop equipment and process technologies to convert the proposed 15 crops grown on planetary outpost, Moon or Mars, into safe, edible foods; (3) build partnerships with food companies to develop these new food products and processes to make them available for NASA utilization. The space food challenges being addressed by the center's commercial partners and affiliate faculty are development of new food products, development of new food processing equipment, extending the shelf life of foods, improving and monitoring food safety, packaging of foods, development of food waste management systems, and development of disinfection systems for space travel. ...The space food challenges being addressed by the center's commercial partners and affiliate faculty are development of new food products, development of new food processing equipment, extending the shelf life of foods, improving and monitoring food safety, packaging of foods, development of food waste management systems, and development of disinfection systems for space travel. Our commercial partner activities will be highlighted with one partner's success to a finished product being described.
Technical Paper

Commercial Applications of Space Propulsion Turbomachinery Component Technology

1994-04-01
941197
A functional model for the transfer of aerospace technology to commercial industry is presented. Honeycomb damping seals are presented as an example technology which has been successfully transferred to industry using the functional model. ...The origins of the seal technology, its application to aerospace systems, and its application to commercial systems are discussed.
Technical Paper

Case Study of Using High Performance Commercial Processors in Space

2009-11-10
2009-01-3275
This was significant because the project incorporated new technology and approaches for the development of human rated space software. An early version of this system was tested at the Johnson Space Center for one month by teams of astronauts. ...The purpose of the Space Shuttle Cockpit Avionics Upgrade project (1999 – 2004) was to reduce crew workload and improve situational awareness. ...The strategy was to incorporate dual paths for software generating commands to the legacy Space Shuttle avionics to prevent failures due to the softness of the upgraded avionics.
Article

ISS launches largest satellite to date to test active debris removal

2018-07-05
Astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have launched RemoveDEBRIS, the first satellite with space debris-removal capabilities and the largest satellite ever deployed from the ISS. ...RemoveDEBRIS, a low Earth orbit test bed for determining the efficacy of active debris removal (ADR) systems, is a multinational effort involving space agencies, aerospace experts, and technologies from throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, and the U.S.
Technical Paper

Commercial Hydrofoils

1963-01-01
630204
The technical characteristics of hydrofoil craft are reviewed in this paper to the extent that they affect commercial operation. Certain conclusions are drawn in regard to the economy of these operations.
Technical Paper

Development of the Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility for the International Space Station

2000-07-10
2000-01-2473
A Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility (CPBF) has been development by the Wisconsin Center of Space Automation and Robotics (WCSAR) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. ...The purpose of the CPBF is to support long-term commercial and scientific plant research in a microgravity environment on-board the International Space Station (ISS). ...The purpose of the CPBF is to support long-term commercial and scientific plant research in a microgravity environment on-board the International Space Station (ISS). CPBF provides an enclosed, environmentally controlled plant growth chamber with controlled parameters of temperature, humidity, light intensity, atmospheric composition, and fluid nutrient delivery.
Standard

Air Quality for Commercial Aircraft Cabins

2007-11-19
CURRENT
AIR4766
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on air quality and some of the factors affecting the perception of cabin air quality in commercial aircraft cabin air. Also a typical safety analysis process utilizing a Functional Hazard Assessment approach is discussed.
Standard

COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT AUXILIARY POWER UNIT INSTALLATIONS

1991-01-29
CURRENT
AIR4204
And, though there have been some APU's developed for military applications, many military transports are adaptations of commercial carrier aircraft. The bulk of the discussion will, therefore, be oriented toward APU installation requirements as developed by the civilian sector.
Technical Paper

Space Laboratories

2001-07-09
2001-01-2142
This paper presents a review of the development and evolution of space laboratories. Laboratories in space constitute the unique and necessary working environment in which researchers conduct scientific experiments, engineering tests, and technology development missions. ...The United States (US) and (former) Soviet Union pioneered space laboratories with the Skylab and Salyut series stations. In the Space Shuttle era, the European Space Agency’s (ESA) SpaceLab, the commercial SpaceHab, and shuttle middeck lockers provided experiment accommodations for a broad range of disciplines. ...In the Space Shuttle era, the European Space Agency’s (ESA) SpaceLab, the commercial SpaceHab, and shuttle middeck lockers provided experiment accommodations for a broad range of disciplines.
Standard

Crew Station Lighting - Commercial Aircraft

2002-11-26
CURRENT
ARP1161A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice covers the recommended requirements for the lighting and characteristics of instruments; information plates and displays, emergency, cautionary, advisory and status displays; circuit breaker and toggle switch positions; and the recommended requirements for the utility lighting system.
Standard

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Cooling in Commercial Transports

1992-09-01
CURRENT
AIR64B
This document considers the cooling of equipment installed in equipment centers, which usually consist of rack-mounted equipment and panel mounted equipment in the flight deck. In instances where these two locations result in different requirements, these are identified. For purposes of this document, the cooled equipment is referred to generally as E/E equipment, denoting that both electrical and electronic equipment is considered, or as an E/E equipment line-replaceable-unit (LRU). The majority of cooled equipment takes the form of LRUs. This document primarily relates to E/E equipment which is designed to use forced air cooling in order to maintain the equipment within acceptable environmental limits, in order to maintain equipment operating performance (within acceptable tolerances), and to maintain reliability. Cooling may be applied internally or externally to the case of the item of E/E equipment.
Technical Paper

Space Crew Radiation Exposure Analysis System Based on a Commercial Stand-Alone CAD System

1992-07-01
921372
Shielding analysis is performed using a commercially available stand-alone CAD system and a customized ray-tracing subroutine contained within a standard engineering modeling software package. ...This improved shielding analysis technique has been used in several vehicle design projects such as a Mars transfer habitat, pressurized lunar rover, and the redesigned Space Station. Results of these analyses are provided to demonstrate the applicability and versatility of the system.
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