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Article

AIA predicts flying air taxis, supersonic air travel, and space industry for 2050

2019-03-15
In the “What’s Next for Aerospace and Defense: A Vision for 2050” study, AIA, New York City-based McKinsey & Company, and other industry partners reveal a comprehensive 30-year, Industry 4.0 forecast of air travel and spaceflight based on improvements in automation and digitization, next-generation materials, alternative energy sources and storage, and increased data throughput.
Standard

AIRCRAFT DATA INTERFACE FUNCTION (ADIF)

2020-07-21
CURRENT
ARINC834-8
This document defines an Aircraft Data Interface Function (ADIF) developed for aircraft installations that incorporate network components based on commercially available technologies. This document defines a set of protocols and services for the exchange of aircraft avionics data across aircraft networks. A common set of services that may be used to access specific avionics parameters are described. The ADIF may be implemented as a generic network service, or it may be implemented as a dedicated service within an ARINC 759 Aircraft Interface Devices (AID) such as those used with an Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). Supplement 8 includes improvements in the Aviation Data Broadcast Protocol (ADBP), adds support for the Media Independent Aircraft Messaging (MIAM) protocol, and contains data security enhancements. It also includes notification and deprecation of the Generic Aircraft Parameter Service (GAPS) protocol that will be deleted in a future supplement.
Standard

AIRCRAFT SERVER, COMMUNICATIONS, AND INTERFACE STANDARD

2021-11-10
CURRENT
ARINC679
ARINC Report 679 defines the functional characteristics of an airborne server that will support Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs) and similar peripherals used in the flight deck, cabin, and maintenance applications. The document defines how EFBs will efficiently, effectively, safely, and securely connect to the airborne server in a way that offer expanded capabilities to aircraft operators. The airborne server has two main functions, first to provide specific services to connected systems, and second to provide centralized security for the EFB and its data. This document is a functional airborne server definition. It does not define the physical characteristics of the server.
Best Practice

AVSC Best Practice for Data Collection for Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs) to Support Event Analysis

2020-09-23
CURRENT
AVSC00004202009
As technology and functionality of vehicle systems change, so do data recording needs. In ADS-dedicated vehicles (DV), the ADS perceives the environment and handles vehicle motion control, i.e., the dynamic driving task (DDT), as described in SAE J3016. When an ADS takes the place of a human driver, its sensing, processing, and control systems necessitate new considerations for data recording. Data recording is important to crash reconstruction, system performance investigations, and event analysis. It enables industry-wide improvements in ADS safety. This best practice makes recommendations for the ADS-DV data needed to support: (1) information about what the ADS "saw" and "did" and (2) identify the technology-relevant factors that contributed to the event.
Best Practice

AVSC Best Practice for Describing an Operational Design Domain: Conceptual Framework and Lexicon

2020-04-15
CURRENT
AVSC00002202004
An ADS-operated vehicle’s operational design domain (ODD) is defined by the manufacturer based on numerous factors. Research is underway at other organizations to define and organize ODD elements into taxonomies and other relational constructs. In order to enhance collaboration and communication between manufacturers and developers and transportation authorities, common terms and consistent frameworks are needed. The conceptual framework presented by Automated Vehicle Safety Consortium establishes a lexicon that can be used consistently by ADS developers and manufacturers responsible for defining their ADS ODD. A common framework and lexicon will reduce confusion, align expectations, and therefore build public trust, acceptance, and confidence.
Best Practice

AVSC Best Practice for Interactions Between ADS-DVs and Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs)

2022-08-09
CURRENT
AVSC00009202208
AVSC Best Practice for Interactions Between ADS-DVs and Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) AVSC00009202208 establishes common terminology and a baseline understanding of the challenges posed, and framework to evaluate automated driving system-dedicated vehicle (ADS-DV) interactions with VRUs. This best practice can facilitate communication among the industry and public, help calibrate expectations of all traffic participants, and improve broader acceptance of SAE level 4 and level 5 ADS-equipped vehicles.
Best Practice

AVSC Information Report for Change Risk Management

2023-04-12
CURRENT
AVSC00010202304
AVSC Information Report for Change Risk Management AVSC00010202304 provides a process for change risk management for fleet-operated ADS-DVs using level 4 or 5 automation. The document addresses risks resulting from planned and unplanned changes in an ADS-DV design and/or operation. This information report is based on the concept of risk-informed decision-making. Making risk management decisions such as safety and change management, safety analysis, and safety assurance are especially applicable when moving from concept to production intent for the ADS-DV. Change Risk Management (CRM) does not replace best practices or other methods for managing safety anomalies or change management processes. It may instead be viewed as an additional resource that elaborates on how safety anomaly management and change management can be performed.
Article

Abaco’s new avionics platforms transfer data up to 40Gbps with Thunderbolt 3 connectivity

2019-04-02
Abaco Systems Inc. is launching a new family of avionics devices for test and simulation, development, and dataloading that feature Thunderbolt 3 interfaces. The new portable, high-speed, low-latency avionics devices – RCEI-830A-TB and QPM-1553-TB – are designed for a broad range of avionics applications and include Thunderbolt 3-to-PMC/XMC interfacing with ARINC 429 and MIL-STD-1553 protocols.
Journal Article

Accelerated Secure Boot for Real-Time Embedded Safety Systems

2019-07-08
Abstract Secure boot is a fundamental security primitive for establishing trust in computer systems. For real-time safety applications, the time taken to perform the boot measurement conflicts with the need for near instant availability. To speed up the boot measurement while establishing an acceptable degree of trust, we propose a dual-phase secure boot algorithm that balances the strong requirement for data tamper detection with the strong requirement for real-time availability. A probabilistic boot measurement is executed in the first phase to allow the system to be quickly booted. This is followed by a full boot measurement to verify the first-phase results and generate the new sampled space for the next boot cycle. The dual-phase approach allows the system to be operational within a fraction of the time needed for a full boot measurement while producing a high detection probability of data tampering.
Technical Paper

Access Control Requirements for Autonomous Robotic Fleets

2023-04-11
2023-01-0104
Access control enforces security policies for controlling critical resources. For V2X (Vehicle to Everything) autonomous military vehicle fleets, network middleware systems such as ROS (Robotic Operating System) expose system resources through networked publisher/subscriber and client/server paradigms. Without proper access control, these systems are vulnerable to attacks from compromised network nodes, which may perform data poisoning attacks, flood packets on a network, or attempt to gain lateral control of other resources. Access control for robotic middleware systems has been investigated in both ROS1 and ROS2. Still, these implementations do not have mechanisms for evaluating a policy's consistency and completeness or writing expressive policies for distributed fleets. We explore an RBAC (Role-Based Access Control) mechanism layered onto ROS environments that uses local permission caches with precomputed truth tables for fast policy evaluation.
Article

Addressing configuration controls in an era of multiple security frameworks

2019-07-04
 Sometimes mandatory, often voluntary, security frameworks are created to provide federal and commercial organizations with an effective roadmap for securing information technology (IT) systems. The goal is to reduce risk levels and prevent or mitigate cyberattacks. To accomplish this task, security frameworks typically provide a series of documented, agreed upon, and understood policies, procedures, and processes necessary to secure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information systems and data.
Video

Advancing Aircraft Cyber Security - Potential New Architectures and Technologies

2012-03-16
Cyber security in the aviation industry, especially in relation to onboard aircraft systems, presents unique challenges in its implementation and management. The cyber threat model is constantly evolving and will continually present new and different challenges to the aircraft operator in responding to new cyber threats without either invoking a lengthy software update and re-certification process or limiting aircraft-to-ground communications to the threatened system or systems. This presentation discusses a number of system architectural options and developing technologies that could be considered to enhance the aircraft cyber protection and defensive capabilities of onboard systems as well as to minimize the effort associated with certification/re-certification. Some of these limit the aircraft?s vulnerabilities or in cyber terms, its ?threat surface?.
Event

AeroTech®

2023-12-08
New for 2022, AeroTech® will deliver even more robust programming by teaming up with AeroMat to deliver learning opportunities dedicated to: Additive Manufacturing and Materials, Environment and Sustainable Aviation (Sustainability), Autonomy and AI, Safety and Human Factors, Modeling, Simulation and Testing, Cybersecurity / Cyber-Physical Security, Industry 4.0 Smart Manufacturing and Assembly, IDEAL Summit (inclusion, diversity, equity, accessibility and leadership), Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) and Multimodal Mobility (M3)
Event

AeroTech® Digital Summit

2023-12-08
New for 2022, AeroTech® will deliver even more robust programming by teaming up with AeroMat to deliver learning opportunities dedicated to: Additive Manufacturing and Materials, Environment and Sustainable Aviation (Sustainability), Autonomy and AI, Safety and Human Factors, Modeling, Simulation and Testing, Cybersecurity / Cyber-Physical Security, Industry 4.0 Smart Manufacturing and Assembly, IDEAL Summit (inclusion, diversity, equity, accessibility and leadership), Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) and Multimodal Mobility (M3)
Event

AeroTech® Volunteer Resources

2023-12-08
New for 2022, AeroTech® will deliver even more robust programming by teaming up with AeroMat to deliver learning opportunities dedicated to: Additive Manufacturing and Materials, Environment and Sustainable Aviation (Sustainability), Autonomy and AI, Safety and Human Factors, Modeling, Simulation and Testing, Cybersecurity / Cyber-Physical Security, Industry 4.0 Smart Manufacturing and Assembly, IDEAL Summit (inclusion, diversity, equity, accessibility and leadership), Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) and Multimodal Mobility (M3)
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: April 2023

2023-04-06
Breathing Life into Artificial Intelligence and Next Generation Autonomous Aerospace Systems Robotic Rotational Molding Creates New Opportunities for Military and Aerospace Applications Rim-Driven Electric Aircraft Propulsion High-Speed Midwave Infrared Cameras Enable Military Test Range Tracking System What Today's Advances in Radar Technology Mean for Testing and Training Tackling Ruggedization Challenges for RF Communications in Software Defined Radios AUVSI XPONENTIAL 2023 The Blueprint for Autonomy Multi-Scale Structuring of the Polar Ionosphere Understanding a radically new sensing capability for polar ionospheric science introduced by observational evidence recently provided by the electronically steerable Resolute Bay Incoherent Scatter Radar (RISR). Stepped-Frequency Distributed Radar for Through-the-Wall Sensing A technical analysis of the effectiveness of distributed radar for through-the-wall sensing applications.
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