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Article

Mission critical: cybersecurity

2014-04-15
Cybersecurity was a red-hot discussion topic at the SAE 2014 World Congress as digital components and car-to-cloud communications become an ever-growing part of the vehicle package.
Collection

Cyber Security for Cyber - Physical Vehicle Systems, 2014

2014-04-01
This technical paper collection focuses on cybersecurity for cyber-physical vehicle systems. Topics include: design, development and implementation of security-critical cyber-physical vehicle systems, cybersecurity design, development, and implementation strategies, analysis methodologies, process and life-cycle management, comparisons of system safety and cybersecurity, etc. ...Topics include: design, development and implementation of security-critical cyber-physical vehicle systems, cybersecurity design, development, and implementation strategies, analysis methodologies, process and life-cycle management, comparisons of system safety and cybersecurity, etc. ...Topics include: design, development and implementation of security-critical cyber-physical vehicle systems, cybersecurity design, development, and implementation strategies, analysis methodologies, process and life-cycle management, comparisons of system safety and cybersecurity, etc. Application areas include: security-critical automotive systems as well as other security-critical ground vehicle and aviation systems.
Technical Paper

Securing Connected Vehicles End to End

2014-04-01
2014-01-0300
As vehicles become increasingly connected with the external world, they face a growing range of security vulnerabilities. Researchers, hobbyists, and hackers have compromised security keys used by vehicles' electronic control units (ECUs), modified ECU software, and hacked wireless transmissions from vehicle key fobs and tire monitoring sensors. Malware can infect vehicles through Internet connectivity, onboard diagnostic interfaces, devices tethered wirelessly or physically to the vehicle, malware-infected aftermarket devices or spare parts, and onboard Wi-Fi hotspot. Once vehicles are interconnected, compromised vehicles can also be used to attack the connected transportation system and other vehicles. Securing connected vehicles impose a range of unique new challenges. This paper describes some of these unique challenges and presents an end-to-end cloud-assisted connected vehicle security framework that can address these challenges.
Standard

GUIDANCE FOR USAGE OF DIGITAL CERTIFICATES

2013-12-12
CURRENT
ARINC842-1
Newer generations of aircraft in production and use today are equipped with security applications that rely on digital certificates. It is expected that future aircraft will use certificates for increasing numbers of applications. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for key life-cycle management, which refers to the phases through which digital certificates and associated cryptographic keys progress, from creation through usage to retirement. The guidance is based on open international standards that are adapted to the aviation environment, recognizing that a typical commercial airplane has a long lifespan, its operational environment is highly complex and regulated, and multiple stakeholders operate ground-based systems that communicate with airplanes. Using a standardized and consistent key management approach, as proposed in this document, helps to reduce cost of design, implementation, and operation even across a heterogeneous fleet.
Journal Article

Threat Analysis and Risk Assessment in Automotive Cyber Security

2013-04-08
2013-01-1415
The process of hazard analysis and risk assessment (H&R or HARA) is well-established in standards and methods for functional safety, such as the automotive functional safety standard ISO 26262. Considering the parallel discipline of cyber security, it is necessary to establish an analogous process of threat analysis and risk assessment (T&R) in order to identify potential security attacks and the risk associated with these attacks if they were successful. While functional safety H&R processes could be used for threat analysis, these methods need extension and adaptation to the cyber security domain. This paper describes how such a method has been developed based on the approach described in ISO 26262 and the related MISRA Safety Analysis Guidelines. In particular key differences are described in the understanding of the severity of a security attack, and the factors that contribute to the probability of a successful attack.
Video

Advancing Aircraft Cyber Security - Potential New Architectures and Technologies

2012-03-16
Cyber security in the aviation industry, especially in relation to onboard aircraft systems, presents unique challenges in its implementation and management. The cyber threat model is constantly evolving and will continually present new and different challenges to the aircraft operator in responding to new cyber threats without either invoking a lengthy software update and re-certification process or limiting aircraft-to-ground communications to the threatened system or systems. This presentation discusses a number of system architectural options and developing technologies that could be considered to enhance the aircraft cyber protection and defensive capabilities of onboard systems as well as to minimize the effort associated with certification/re-certification. Some of these limit the aircraft?s vulnerabilities or in cyber terms, its ?threat surface?.
Technical Paper

Communication Requirements for Plug-In Electric Vehicles

2011-04-12
2011-01-0866
This paper is the second in the series of documents designed to record the progress of a series of SAE documents - SAE J2836™, J2847, J2931, & J2953 - within the Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Communication Task Force. This follows the initial paper number 2010-01-0837, and continues with the test and modeling of the various PLC types for utility programs described in J2836/1™ & J2847/1. This also extends the communication to an off-board charger, described in J2836/2™ & J2847/2 and includes reverse energy flow described in J2836/3™ and J2847/3. The initial versions of J2836/1™ and J2847/1 were published early 2010. J2847/1 has now been re-opened to include updates from comments from the National Institute of Standards Technology (NIST) Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP), Smart Grid Architectural Committee (SGAC) and Cyber Security Working Group committee (SCWG).
Standard

Vendor Component Program Data File Interface for OEM Assembly Operations

2010-05-03
HISTORICAL
J2286_201005
This interface document SAE J2286 revises the requirements for file formats as were originally described in SAE J1924. This document describes Interface 1 (I/F 1) in SAE J2461. This document does not imply the use of a specific hardware interface, but may be used with other hardware interfaces such as SAE J1939, ISO 15765 or ISO 14229. The requirements of SAE J2286 supersede the requirements defined by SAE J1924.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2009-10-01

2009-10-01
Heavy-duty issues Top industry insiders provide their perspectives on critical issues such as sustainability, workforce development, and future growth at this year's Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress and Exhibition. Autonomouse vehicles go off-highway Advances in sensors, CPUs, and software help in the druve to eliminate drivers. Power and precision Hydraulic motors and actuators evolve along two paths, both relying on advanced controls.
Book

Enterprise Information Security and Privacy

2009-01-01
Here’s a unique and practical book that addresses the rapidly growing problem of information security, privacy, and secrecy threats and vulnerabilities. This authoritative resource helps you understand what really needs to be done to protect sensitive data and systems and how to comply with the burgeoning roster of data protection laws and regulations. The book examines the effectiveness and weaknesses of current approaches and guides you towards practical methods and doable processes that can bring about real improvement in the overall security environment. You gain insight into the latest security and privacy trends, learn how to determine and mitigate risks, and discover the specific dangers and responses regarding the most critical sectors of a modern economy.
Standard

DATALINK SECURITY PART 2 - KEY MANAGEMENT

2008-03-10
CURRENT
ARINC823P2
The purpose of this document is to provide recommended guidance and provisions for ACARS Message Security (AMS) key management. The key management framework described herein is based on open international standards that are adapted to the ACARS datalink communications environment.
Standard

DATALINK SECURITY PART 1 - ACARS MESSAGE SECURITY

2007-12-10
CURRENT
ARINC823P1
The purpose of this document is to provide an industry standard for ACARS Message Security (AMS), which permits ACARS datalink messages to be exchanged between aircraft and ground systems in a secure, authenticated manner using a uniform security framework. The security framework described herein is based on open international standards that are adapted to the ACARS datalink communications environment.
Standard

COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT INFORMATION SECURITY CONCEPTS OF OPERATION AND PROCESS FRAMEWORK

2005-12-20
CURRENT
ARINC811
The purpose of this document is to facilitate an understanding of aircraft information security and to develop aircraft information security operational concepts. This common understanding is important since a number of subcommittees and working groups within the aeronautical industry are considering aircraft information security. This document also provides an aircraft information security process framework relating to airline operational needs that, when implemented by an airline and its suppliers, will enable the safe and secure dispatch of the aircraft in a timely manner. This framework facilitates development of cost-effective aircraft information security and provides a common language for understanding security needs.
Standard

E/E Data Link Security

2005-06-27
HISTORICAL
J2186_200506
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a uniform practice for protecting vehicle components from "unauthorized" access through a vehicle data link connector (DLC). The document defines a security system for motor vehicle and tool manufacturers. It will provide flexibility to tailor systems to the security needs of the vehicle manufacturer. The vehicle modules addressed are those that are capable of having solid state memory contents accessed or altered through the data link connector. Improper memory content alteration could potentially damage the electronics or other vehicle modules; risk the vehicle compliance to government legislated requirements; or risk the vehicle manufacturer's security interests. This document does not imply that other security measures are not required nor possible.
Book

Energy in the 21st Century (2nd Edition)

2004-01-01
This book, in its second edition, examines the energy sources that play a vital role in society today, as well as those that may be the primary energy sources of tomorrow. From our reliance on fossil fuels to the quest for energy independence, and the environmental issues that follow each decision, this book delves into the most prominent energy issues of our time. Armed with this information, the reader can think critically about the direction they want this world to take. Contents: Brief History of Energy Consumption Fossil Energy - Coal Fossil Energy - Oil and Gas Peak Oil Nuclear Energy Renewable Energy - Solar Energy Renewable Energy - Wind Energy Renewable Energy - Energy from Water Renewable Energy - Bioenergy and Synfuels Energy Carrier, Energy Storage and Hybrid Energy Systems Electricity Generation and Distribution Energy Economics Future Issues - Geopolitics of Energy Future Issues - Energy Forecasts
Standard

Deliverable Aerospace Software Supplement for AS9100A Quality Management Systems - Aerospace - Requirements for Software (based on AS9100A)

2003-03-12
HISTORICAL
AS9006
The basic requirements of AS9100A apply with the following clarifications. This document supplements the requirements of AS9100A for deliverable software. This supplement contains Quality System requirements for suppliers of products that contain deliverable embedded or loadable airborne, spaceborne or ground support software components that are part of an aircraft Type Design, weapon system, missile or spacecraft operational software and/or support software that is used in the development and maintenance of deliverable software. This includes the host operating system software including assemblers, compilers, linkers, loaders, editors, code generators, analyzers, ground simulators and trainers, flight test data reduction, etc., that directly support creation, test and maintenance of the deliverable software.
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