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Journal Article

The Missing Link: Aircraft Cybersecurity at the Operational Level

2020-07-25
Abstract Aircraft cybersecurity efforts have tended to focus at the strategic or tactical levels without a clear connection between the two. ...CSSEP’s process model postulates that security is best achieved by a balance of cybersecurity, cyber resiliency, defensibility, and recoverability and that control is best established by developing security constraints versus attempting to find every vulnerability. ...CSSEP identifies the major functions needed to do effective aircraft cybersecurity and provides a flexible framework as the “missing link” to connect the strategic and tactical levels of aircraft cybersecurity.
Technical Paper

An Integrated View on Automotive SPICE, Functional Safety and Cyber-Security

2020-04-14
2020-01-0145
This increases the attractiveness of an attack on vehicles and thus introduces new risks for vehicle cybersecurity. Thus, just as safety became a critical part of the development in the late 20th century, the automotive domain must now consider cybersecurity as an integral part of the development of modern vehicles. ...Thus, just as safety became a critical part of the development in the late 20th century, the automotive domain must now consider cybersecurity as an integral part of the development of modern vehicles. Aware of this fact, the automotive industry has, therefore, recently taken multiple efforts in designing and producing safe and secure connected and automated vehicles. ...As the domain geared up for the cybersecurity challenges, they leveraged experiences from many other domains, but must face several unique challenges.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: FEBRUARY 2020

2020-02-01
Tweaking, tuning, and tinkering The importance of flight testing in design decisions. Engine switch propels UW - Platteville snowmobile team to new heights Along with a new engine, the team made other changes that helped it win first place in the Spark-Ignition Class at the 2019 SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge. Another year, another successful Cornell Baja SAE team Cornell University was among only five teams to finish in the top 10 in each of 2019’s three Baja SAE competitions.
Technical Paper

Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and the Utility Grid

2010-04-12
2010-01-0837
This paper is the first in a series of documents designed to record the progress of the SAE J2293 Task Force as it continues to develop and refine the communication requirements between Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEV) and the Electric Utility Grid. In February, 2008 the SAE Task Force was formed and it started by reviewing the existing SAE J2293 standard, which was originally developed by the Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Controls Task Force in the 1990s. This legacy standard identified the communication requirements between the Electric Vehicle (EV) and the EV Supply Equipment (EVSE), including off-board charging systems necessary to transfer DC energy to the vehicle. It was apparent at the first Task Force meeting that the communications requirements between the PEV and utility grid being proposed by industry stakeholders were vastly different in the type of communications and messaging documented in the original standard.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: APRIL 2020

2020-04-01
Focused on design For Missouri S&T Racing, knowing why a system was designed in a particular way is as important as knowing how it was designed. Taking the classroom to the racetrack Purdue University's Formula SAE team makes good racecars, even better engineers. Sticking to the schedule By strictly meeting deadlines, West Virginia University Institute of Technology team hopes to reach new heights in SAE Aero Design.
Technical Paper

Enabling Efficient Functional Safety Audits - The Missing Link between ISO 26262 and Automotive SPICE

2019-04-02
2019-01-0144
In the field of electric and electronic (E/E) design for the automotive industry, there are separate traditions related to functional safety and software quality assurance. Both relying on the evaluation of the processes used; Automotive SPICE provides detailed guidance on how to perform this evaluation whilst ISO 26262 does not and simply mention Automotive SPICE as one possible solution. ISO 26262 additionally requires for an evaluation of the functional safety achieved by the product and uses the process evaluation (or functional safety audit in ISO 26262 terms) to support the final functional safety assessment. The purpose is to evaluate the implementation of the necessary safety processes according to the claimed scope defined in the safety plan. Automotive SPICE does not make a distinction on whether the application of the software under evaluation is safety related or not.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: January/February 2020

2020-02-06
Heat seekers While engineers debate the use of thermal-imaging sensors for ADAS, their capability and value are being proven for AVs of all levels. EV battery-materials testing gets physical Reliable materials-testing methodologies are vital for progress in electric-vehicle battery development. A leader in the field explains. Engineered in plastic SPE's annual awards highlight new and interesting materials and their applications. Tremec's supercar DCT To polish the 2020 mid-engine Corvette's driving prowess, GM and Tremec engineers joined forces to create a new and better auto-mated transaxle.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: FEBRUARY 2017

2017-02-01
Formula ETS: a new beginning This year's Formula SAE car features a complete chassis redesign. Trimming processes for advanced steels Greater quality control improves automotive manufacturing trimming processes for high-strength steels, resulting in reduced levels of scrap. Getting on the right track SAE Collegiate Chapter involvement opens the door to invaluable experiences and beneficial networking opportunities.
Standard

Digital Communications for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

2014-12-11
CURRENT
J2931/1_201412
This SAE Information Report SAE J2931 establishes the requirements for digital communication between Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEV), the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and the utility or service provider, Energy Services Interface (ESI), Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) and Home Area Network (HAN). This is the third version of this document and completes the effort that specifies the digital communication protocol stack between Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) and the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). The purpose of the stack outlined in Figure 1 and defined by Layers 3 to 6 of the OSI Reference Model (Figure 1) is to use the functions of Layers 1 and 2 specified in SAE J2931/4 and export the functionalities to Layer 7 as specified in SAE J2847/2 (as of August 1, 2012, revision) and SAE J2847/1 (targeting revision at the end of 2012).
Technical Paper

Total Vehicle Integration and Design - Journey to Electrification, Digitization and Connectivity Leading to Autonomy

2018-04-03
2018-01-0003
Total vehicle integration and design is a complex process and deals with interactions of many subsystems. The subsystems in a vehicle not only have to perform their role but interfaces between the subsystems must be well understood to design for all the interactions. The global automotive market is following electrification, digitization and connectivity trends that eventually lead to Autonomy. Therefore, the vehicle integration design process needs to include these new use cases of these trends. The process starts with establishing the top-level vehicle metrics relative to key deliverables of the vehicle ranging from providing comfortable environment to the driver to good performance. The process of establishing vehicle level metrics is not trivial and quite often must be derived from the customer verbatim. Frequently, there are conflicting requirements and priority must be given to one over another.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: APRIL 2019

2019-04-01
Reliability overhaul: a lesson in resilience A chain issue sets back University of Minnesota team at Formula SAE Michigan 2018, but it's a different story at the subsequent FSAE competition. Full circle Over its 21-year history, the University of Toronto Formula Racing Team's chassis department has left no stone unturned. Lap simulation tool shows the way Until now, the University of Alabama Formula SAE team assumed that the fastest lap times would result in the highest score from the Endurance and Efficiency Events, but that assumption is changing.
Article

Air mobility innovations take center stage at Aerospace Systems and Technology Conference 2018

2018-11-06
Hundreds of aerospace executives, engineers, scientists, and academics are gathering in London this week for Aerospace Systems and Technology Conference (ASTC) 2018 from SAE International in Warrendale, Pennsylvania. Discussions during the three-day industry event center on the theme of innovating air mobility. Aerospace thought leaders are at ASTC discussing current challenges, the latest enabling technologies, and future opportunities, including those related to urban air mobility (UAM) and supersonic aircraft.
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