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End of Life Management: Reuse/Recycle/Remanufacture, 2012

2012-04-13
The 6 papers in this technical paper collection focus on end of life management: reuse/recycle/remanufacture. Topics covered include parts reuse, parts remanufacturing for reuse, parts/materials recycling, and more. ...The 6 papers in this technical paper collection focus on end of life management: reuse/recycle/remanufacture. Topics covered include parts reuse, parts remanufacturing for reuse, parts/materials recycling, and more.
Technical Paper

Life cycle assessment of aluminum in recycling end of life vehicles

2018-09-03
2018-36-0067
This paper presents a careful analysis of automotive recycling and the role of aluminum in the life cycle of these vehicles. It is known that the number of vehicles is getting close to 1 billion units while the number of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) has also been increasing dramatically throughout the entire planet. ...The two processes are analyzed through existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in the literature. In an unprecedented way, the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) tool will be directly applied to the LCA, pursuing to point out the most important details of the impact assessment.
Technical Paper

Treatment of End of Life Vehicles in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities

2012-10-02
2012-36-0217
However, these demands for new products and more modern has meant a great cost to our natural resources, such as excessive use of raw materials, water and energy during production, use and end of life cycle of these assets. The increasing scarcity of land available for the proper disposal of waste in landfills, in addition to the high cost of implementing these areas and the increasing distances to urban centers imply the need to reduce solid waste generation, including here the automotive. ...In the end, we will examine the current conditions present in the country for treatment of vehicles at the end of the cycle of life and identify the challenges, barriers and opportunities for the treatment of End of Life Vehicles (ELV) in Brazil. ...In the end, we will examine the current conditions present in the country for treatment of vehicles at the end of the cycle of life and identify the challenges, barriers and opportunities for the treatment of End of Life Vehicles (ELV) in Brazil. We will discuss the current disposal ELV in Brazil and how this impacts on the environment and natural resources.
Technical Paper

A Life Cycle Assessment of the Implications of Implementing the Proposed End of Life Vehicles Directive in the United Kingdom

2000-04-26
2000-01-1468
Significantly, end of life is between one to four orders of magnitude less than the total life cycle environmental impacts of a vehicle. ...A life cycle assessment approach has been used to investigate the environmental impacts of disposal of end of life vehicles in the United Kingdom in 2015, according to current practice and the targets set in a UK industry implementation plan, and a proposed European Directive. ...A life cycle assessment approach has been used to investigate the environmental impacts of disposal of end of life vehicles in the United Kingdom in 2015, according to current practice and the targets set in a UK industry implementation plan, and a proposed European Directive.
Technical Paper

A Conceptual Framework for Value Chain Analysis of End of Life Aircraft Treatment in the Context of Sustainable Development

2014-09-16
2014-01-2232
The End of Life phase of Aircraft is a relatively complex phase in life cycle of this product. The retired Aircrafts need to be parked in certain conditions. ...The value chain related to recycling aircraft at the end of life was chosen to generate an in-depth analysis of the value chain, considering environmental and socio-economic concerns. ...Finally, the proposed approach with providing a basis for evaluation of effectiveness, efficiency and stability across the value chain aids decision makers to design a sustainable framework for End of Life aircrafts treatment.
Technical Paper

Estimation of End of Life of Lithium-Ion Battery Based on Artificial Neural Network and Machine Learning Techniques

2021-09-22
2021-26-0218
Usually, the end of life of a battery in the automobile sector is when the battery capacity reaches 80% of its maximum rated capacity. ...From the Simulink model, the capacity is estimated until the end of life of the battery. Similarly, regression learning application in MATLAB is studied to estimate the capacity using different Machine Learning techniques. ...So, a semi-empirical model is developed for estimating the maximum stored capacity at the end of each cycle. The parameters considered in the model explain the changes in battery internal structure, like capacity losses at different conditions.
Standard

ACARS PROTOCOLS FOR AVIONIC END SYSTEMS

2017-11-29
CURRENT
ARINC619-5
The purpose of this document is to delineate, in an organized fashion, the protocols used by Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) Management Units (MU) defined in ARINC Characteristic 724B and Communications Management Unit (CMU) defined in ARINC Characteristic 758, in their interactions with other onboard avionics equipment. The purpose of this document is to delineate, in an organized fashion, the protocols used by Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) Management Units (MU) defined in ARINC Characteristic 724B and Communications Management Unit (CMU) defined in ARINC Characteristic 758, in their interactions with other onboard avionics equipment.
Technical Paper

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Front End Autoparts: A Revision to 2010-01-0275

2012-12-31
2012-01-2325
While weight savings result in reductions of energy use and climate change emissions during the use phase of the car, the impacts of autoparts manufacturing and end of life recycling phases of lightweight autoparts designs are substantial as well. Pathways for improving sustainability of magnesium use in automobiles through material management and technology improvements including recycling are also discussed. ...The Magnesium Front End Research and Development (MFERD) project under the sponsorship of Canada, China, and USA aims to develop key technologies and a knowledge base for increased use of magnesium in automobiles. ...The primary goal of this life cycle assessment (LCA) study is to compare the energy and potential environmental impacts of advanced magnesium based front end parts of a North American-built 2007 GM-Cadillac CTS using the current steel structure as a baseline.
Standard

Webbing Service Life for Occupant Restraints

2021-10-01
CURRENT
ARP6073
The objective of this document is to establish practical guidelines to help operators in the determining if restraint webbing has reached the end of its service life. The recommendations contained herein are based on test data from in service restraint systems and the continued airworthiness guidelines recommended by restraint system OEMs.
Technical Paper

Spherical Rod End Test Development and Results

1985-04-01
850808
Shows that the present spherical rod end manufacturer's rotational tests, which are intended to select the best bearing material, do not necessarily select the best materials for the push/pull linkage requirements of earthmoving machinery. 2. ...Emphasizes the need to perform push/pull comparative testing as defined in SAE J1367 on spherical rod ends to determine acceptable materials for earthmoving equipment application. This test is in contrast to rotational testing presently being performed by spherical rod end manufacturers. ...This test is in contrast to rotational testing presently being performed by spherical rod end manufacturers.
Standard

Life Cycle Testing of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules

2020-11-30
CURRENT
J2288_202011
This SAE Recommended Practice defines a standardized test method to determine the expected service life, in cycles, of electric vehicle battery modules. It is based on a set of nominal or baseline operating conditions in order to characterize the expected degradation in electrical performance as a function of life and to identify relevant failure mechanisms where possible. ...It is based on a set of nominal or baseline operating conditions in order to characterize the expected degradation in electrical performance as a function of life and to identify relevant failure mechanisms where possible. Accelerated aging is not included in the scope of this procedure, although the time compression resulting from continuous testing may unintentionally accelerate battery degradation unless test conditions are carefully controlled. ...This may result in a measured cycle life different than that which would be determined based on actual capacity; however, this approach permits a battery manufacturer to make necessary tradeoffs between power and energy in establishing ratings for a battery module.
Standard

FLIGHT SIMULATION TRAINING DEVICE (FSTD) – LIFE CYCLE SUPPORT

2019-10-16
CURRENT
ARINC434-2
This document will address measures pertaining to and directly associated with the maintainability and reliability of FSTDs throughout their entire life cycle, from initial specification and design to de-commissioning. Although the primary emphasis of this document is on full flight simulators (with motion and visual systems), it should be applicable in part or total to all FSTDs.
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