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Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2024

2024-02-08
Certified Machine Learning-Based Avionics: Unlocking Safer Revolutionizing Electronic Warfare: Unleashing the Power of High-Performance Software Defined Radios Deterministic and Modular Architecture for Embedded Vehicle Systems Approximating the Material Stresses and System Requirements for Hypersonic Flight Design Approaches for Established and Emerging RF Receiver Architectures Rydberg Technologies Shows Potential of Long-Range RF with Quantum Sensor at NetModX23 New Method to Measure Wind Speed Could Unlock Drones' Potential A fundamentally different approach to wind estimation using unmanned aircraft than the vast majority of existing methods. This method uses no on-board flow sensor and does not attempt to estimate thrust or drag forces. Report on Human Factors Issues Likely to Affect Air-Launched Effects This report reviews human factors research on the supervision of multiple unmanned vehicles (UVs) as it affects human integration with Air-Launched Effects (ALE).
Standard

Guidelines for the Integration of Electronic Engine Control Systems for Transport Category (Part 25) and General Aviation (Part 23) Aircraft

2024-01-16
CURRENT
AIR5924B
Since most current transport category engines use dual-channel FADEC systems, this is the configuration addressed by this report. A typical FADEC system configuration is shown in Figure 4. ...This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides methodologies and approaches that have been used to install and integrate full-authority-digital-engine-control (FADEC) systems on transport category aircraft. Although most of the information provided is based on turbofan/turboprop engines installed on large commercial transports, many of the issues raised are equally applicable to corporate, general aviation, regional, and commuter aircraft, and to military installations, particularly when commercial aircraft are employed by military users.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2021

2021-01-28
Empowering Soldiers Through ISPDS Dispensable Gels vs Gap Filler Pads An Analysis of Thermal Management Materials Electronic Warfare Vying for Control of the Electromagnetic Spectrum More Bang for the Buck A New Design and Manufacturing Method for Deep Penetrating Bomb Cases A Comprehensive Way to Use Bonding to Improve RF Performance of Low Noise Amplifiers Army and Universities Deploy New Warfighter Communication Technology Radiation Effects on Electronics in Aligned Carbon Nanotube Technology (RadCNT) Characterizing the fundamental mechanisms and charge transport phenomena governing the interactions between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation with carbon-based (nanotube and graphene) field-effect transistors (FETs) devices and integrated circuits (ICs).
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Determination of Costs and Benefits from Implementing an Engine Health Management System

2020-04-28
CURRENT
ARP4176A
This ARP provides an insight into how to approach a cost benefit analysis (CBA) to determine the return on investment (ROI) that would result from implementing a propulsion Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) system on an air vehicle. It describes the complexity of features that can be considered in the analysis, the different tools and approaches for conducting a CBA and differentiates between military and commercial applications. This document is intended to help those who might not necessarily have a deep technical understanding or familiarity with PHM systems but want to either quantify or understand the economic benefits (i.e., the value proposition) that a PHM system could provide.
Standard

FLIGHT SIMULATOR DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE DATA

2019-09-10
CURRENT
ARINC450-1
This document provides Flight Simulation Training Device (FSTD) operators, FSTD manufacturers, airplane manufacturers or other sources of approved data and vendors of airplane equipment, with a standard describing the scope and content of data required to build, test, and qualify FSTDs of adequate fidelity to meet flight crew training requirements.
Standard

AIRCRAFT AUTONOMOUS DISTRESS TRACKING (ADT)

2019-08-26
CURRENT
ARINC680
This document describes the technical requirements, architectural options, and recommended interface standards to support an Autonomous Distress Tracking (ADT) System intended to meet global regulatory requirements for locating aircraft in distress situations and after an accident. This document is prepared in response to International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and individual Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs) initiatives.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2019

2019-02-01
Ruggedizing Commercial-Grade Computers into MIL-Hardened Systems An Introduction to PCM Heat Sinks Eye Tracking Technology Improving the Skills Gap, Efficiency, and Quality Assurance in Aerospace Manufacturing Streamlining EMC Solutions for Avionics Interfaces Hardware Design of a High Dynamic Range Radio Frequency (RF) Harmonic Measurement System. Using RISC-V to Simplify Data Logging in Space Novel Characterization Methods for Anisotropic and Mixed-Conduction Materials Seven new characterization methods have been developed for the specialized materials used in state-of-the-art electronic and optoelectronic devices. Circuit Models for Robust, Adaptive Neural Control Understanding a nematode's simple circuit could provide a foundation for understanding much more complex behaviors.
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DIGITAL INFORMATION TRANSFER SYSTEM (DITS) PART 1 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION, ELECTRICAL INTERFACES, LABEL ASSIGNMENTS, AND WORD FORMATS

2019-01-21
CURRENT
ARINC429P1-19
ARINC 429 is the most widely used data transfer method used in aviation. This document provides the standard formats for data parameters and status words transferred between avionic systems. It specifies the physical data bus, electrical characteristics, and data formats. Supplement is 19 is a routine update that defines new ARINC 429 data words, new labels, new equipment IDs, and new System Address Labels (SAL).
Article

GE Aviation debuts Affinity, first civil supersonic engine in 55 years

2018-10-29
GE Aviation engineers have completed the initial design of the first supersonic engine purpose-built for business jets. GE’s Affinity turbofan engine class integrates proven military supersonic experience, commercial reliability, and advanced business jet engine technologies.
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Guidelines for Time-Limited-Dispatch (TLD) Analysis for Electronic Engine Control Systems

2018-09-04
CURRENT
ARP5107C
This document includes the background of the development of TLD, the structure of TLD that was developed and implemented on present generation commercial transports, and the analysis methods used to validate the application of TLD on present day FADEC equipped aircraft. Although this document is specific to TLD analyses (for FADEC systems) of the loss of thrust control, the techniques and processes discussed in this document are considered applicable to other FADEC system failure effects or other systems, such as: thrust reverser, and propeller control systems, and overspeed protection systems. ...This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides methodologies and approaches which have been used for conducting and documenting the analyses associated with the application of Time Limited Dispatch (TLD) to the thrust control reliability of Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) systems. The TLD concept is one wherein a fault-tolerant system is allowed to operate for a predetermined length of time with faults present in the redundant elements of the system, before repairs are required. ...Although this document is specific to TLD analyses (for FADEC systems) of the loss of thrust control, the techniques and processes discussed in this document are considered applicable to other FADEC system failure effects or other systems, such as: thrust reverser, and propeller control systems, and overspeed protection systems.
Article

Parker Aerospace wins Cessna Denali bleed air control system contract

2018-08-15
Having successfully completed the development-testing phase, Parker Aerospace’s BACS modulates high-pressure bleed air from the engine, which is used to draw cool ambient air from outside the aircraft as it takes off. Once the outside air pressure is too low to draw in and the bleed air temperatures are cooler, the BACS will transition to use only low-pressure bleed air to pressurize the cabin.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: September 2017

2017-09-01
On-Orbit Satellite Refueling Flow Measurement The Path from Concept to Operational Status Radiation Tolerant "Smart Backplanes" for Spacecraft Avionics Using Heat Pipes to Cool Embedded Computers Electronically Dimmable Aircraft Windows How do you block the light of the sun? Eliminating Electrical Arcing in Satellite Systems NASA Miniaturizes Century-Old Radio Sounder Technology Developing an Airborne Optical Systems Testbed (AOSTB) New Class of Excimer-Pumped Atomic Lasers (XPALS) Research demonstrates the viability of an atomic laser having a quantum efficiency greater than one. Hydrodynamic Drag Force Measurement of a Functionalized Surface Exhibiting Superhydrophobic Properties Comparing the skin friction drag effects of a superhydrophobic flat plate to an untreated flat plate of the same material and geometry.
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DATA LOADING SPECIFICATIONS FOR AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS

2017-07-06
CURRENT
ARINC849
This document defines information required to load data into aircraft components while not installed aboard an aircraft. The objective is to address all levels of data loading processes as related to component maintenance and repair within a shop environment.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: April 2017

2017-04-06
Designing Electronic Warfare to Regain Airborne Military Dominance Certifying Composite Designs for Aerospace and Defense Electric Rockets and the Future of Satellite Propulsion Flat Cable Technology for Aerospace Applications XPONENTIAL 2017 – An AUVSI Experience Pulse Analysis Techniques for Radar and Electronic Warfare Reconfigurable Radio Tracks Flights Worldwide Development of an Optically Modulated Scatterer Probe for a Near-Field Measurement System Using Dempster-Shafer Fusion for Personnel Intrusion Detection Angular Random Walk Estimation of a Time-Domain Switching Micromachined Gyroscope Using Fisher Information Criteria for Chemical Sensor Selection via Convex Optimization Methods Luminescence Materials as Nanoparticle Thermal Sensors
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