This document is intended to specify the environmental conditions for transport aircraft necessary to permit the crew to perform their duties and functions in comfort, with minimum fatigue and no distraction. Environmental conditions should cause no short or long-term effects deleterious to health or physical well-being, nor significantly impair ability to perform normal or abnormal crew functions.
This document recommends criteria to assure adequate visibility from the flightdeck. The flightdeck windshield must provide sufficient external vision to permit the pilot to perform any maneuvers within the operating limits of the aircraft safely and at the same time afford an unobstructed view of the flight instruments and other critical components and displays from the same eye position. ...The flight deck windshield must provide sufficient external vision to permit the pilot to perform any maneuvers within the operating limits of the aircraft safely and at the same time afford an unobstructed view of the flight instruments and other critical components and displays from the same eye position.
The recommendations are applicable to HUD systems for transport category aircraft, which display flight information (focused at infinity) in the forward field of view. The HUD total system requirement recommendations shall primarily lead to certifiable fail-passive CAT III characteristics and performance.
This document recommends design and performance criteria for aircraft lighting systems used to illuminate flightdeck controls, luminous visual displays used for transfer of information, and flight deck background and instrument surfaces that form the flight deck visual environment. ...This document recommends design and performance criteria for aircraft lighting systems used to illuminate flight deck controls, luminous visual displays used for transfer of information, and flight deck background and instrument surfaces that form the flightdeck visual environment. This document is for commercial transport aircraft except for applications requiring night vision compatibility.
This document recommends design criteria for the FlightDeck Alerting System. The FAS shall enhance safety of flight by providing early crew recognition of aircraft system or component status or malfunction as well as of crew operational error. ...The FAS, therefore, relates to aircraft configuration and flight phase as well as the aircraft systems. To fulfill this objective, the FAS must attract the attention of the crew, must state with clarity the nature and location of the problem, and must be highly reliable and thoroughly responsive to the operational requirements and environment.
The recommendations apply to terms used in the flightdeck of transport aircraft. The abbreviations, symbols and codes do not supersede those used in airworthiness regulations or aeronautical charts and documents.
This document establishes the minimum requirements for seats and restraint systems for the flightdeck. Due to limitations that it would place upon basic aircraft design, it is not considered practical for these requirements to apply fully to the observer seat. ...This document is also intended to make recommendations for flight crew restraint systems. A properly designed crew restraint system will minimize injury or debilitation during a survivable crash and enable post crash assistance to occupants and escape from the aircraft.
This document recommends design criteria for a FlightDeck Tire Pressure Monitoring System. The requirements arise from operational experience of incidents, which have led to considerable damage to aircraft systems and structures caused by tire debris and wheel fragments.
A coordinated flightdeck design concept is presented, which takes into account human capabilities and limitations such as fit and function, seating, internal and external vision, reach, and safety. ...In addition to incorporating operational requirements, the concept covers amenities such as coffee cup holders, footrests, provisions for food service, storage of personal items such as suitcases and clothing, and maps, flight manuals, and charts. The design is brought together with computer-aided drafting procedures as well as sophisticated human modeling techniques, enabling a step-by-step assessment of the resulting configuration.
This document sets forth functional and design recommendations concerning the human factors issues and criteria for flightdeck display of surface operations information. It is assumed that the system will have a human centered design based on the “lessons learned” from past systems, with simple operation, consistent performance, and intuitive use, without negative transfer of information. ...The display function may be stand alone or part of a multi-function display Initial design will provide for upgradeability and expansion The human interface will be integrated with other display functions and will not interfere with any other flightdeck functions In-flight planning displays of surface information will be addressed by other standards development efforts focused on electronic charting Whenever possible, information will be layered according to pre-selected priorities The figures in this document are derived from ongoing experimental programs and are used as illustrative samples only. ...The assumptions about the system that guided and bounded the recommendations contained in this document include: The system is a flight-deck-based system displaying surface operations information to the flight crew in visibility conditions down to and including CAT IIIb or under a Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (SMGCS) When available, multiple sources of data will be used to provide the flight crew with the best available information The system will be capable of worldwide operation At least initially, paper and/or electronic versions of the surface charts will still exist and be available to the flight crew There will be pilot-in-the-loop/manual involvement in any path changes Information will be accessible by appropriate flight crew members The system will be based on the English language, but other languages may be considered The system will be available full time during all ground operations Ground operations are defined as the time from the gate to 1000 feet AGL or the departure end of the runway on departure and from 1000 feet AGL to the gate on approach.
Effective man-machine interface design for an airplane flightdeck depends strongly on providing appropriate levels of control capability for use by the flight crew. ...Effective man-machine interface design for an airplane flight deck depends strongly on providing appropriate levels of control capability for use by the flight crew. The range of control options available to the airplane system designer extends from manual through partially automatic to full automatic. ...Recent airplanes have demonstrated the practicality of providing different levels of automation which can be applied by the flight crew under different circumstances. This trend expands the options available to the flight crew in coping with the changing operational environment.
This paper demonstrates how the flightdeck of a derivative aircraft was optimized within the rigid constraints of existing structure, avionics, and performance features. ...The feasibility of design recommendations made by the interdisciplinary team was analyzed using three-dimensional and solid models of flight compartment interiors and humans. Visual, anthropometric, and comfort considerations were assessed using the McDonnell Douglas Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) system.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information to aircraft engineers, regarding the types of Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) configurations which are available, the intended functions of such equipment, and the technical approaches which may be used in accomplishing these functions. The term "PBE" or "Protective Breathing Equipment" has been used to refer to various types of equipment, which are used in a variety of applications. This way of using the terminology has been a source of confusion in the aviation industry. One objective of this AIR is to assist the reader in distinguishing between the types of PBE applications. A further objective is to assist in understanding the technical approaches which can be used in each of the major applications. Principles of PBE design are reviewed briefly.
This ARP defines recommended flight crew interface design processes and methods for new flightdeck designs as well as modifications to the flight crew interface of existing flight decks of transport category aircraft (Part 25), which includes commercial transport aircraft, regional and business aircraft. ...This ARP defines recommended flight crew interface design processes and methods for new flight deck designs as well as modifications to the flight crew interface of existing flightdecks of transport category aircraft (Part 25), which includes commercial transport aircraft, regional and business aircraft. ...These processes and methods are intended to be utilized by the design engineers of manufacturers of transport category aircraft or any modifiers to the flightdeck system. Modifiers include equipment suppliers, avionics manufacturers, aircraft operators, original equipment manufacturers (OEM), regulatory authorities, or anyone seeking a supplemental type certificate (STC), type certificate (TC), amended TC, field approval, or equivalent approval.