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Technical Paper

Mars Science Rovers

1996-07-01
961584
On-going technology development efforts at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory include the Long Range Science Rover Task which is prototyping and demonstrating rover technology capable of traversing several kilometers over the Martian surface carrying out a wide variety of science activities. This paper discusses the operational requirements for Mars science rovers and a current prototype Mars rover called Rocky 7. ...Rovers will play a vital role in upcoming Mars missions by enabling science activities at a wide variety of locations even kilometers away from the landing site. On-going technology development efforts at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory include the Long Range Science Rover Task which is prototyping and demonstrating rover technology capable of traversing several kilometers over the Martian surface carrying out a wide variety of science activities. ...On-going technology development efforts at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory include the Long Range Science Rover Task which is prototyping and demonstrating rover technology capable of traversing several kilometers over the Martian surface carrying out a wide variety of science activities.
Technical Paper

Reliability - The Science of Analysis

1964-01-01
640555
Reliability is invariably treated as a statistical probability and only to a limited degree is it considered an analytical science. Considered as a scientific discipline, however, reliability can make important contributions to every phase of product development, from design conception to establishment of requirements for quality assurance, tool design, process engineering, and maintainability.
Technical Paper

Life Science Research Facility Materials Management Requirements and Concepts

1986-07-14
860974
The Advanced Programs Office at NASA Ames Research Center has defined hypothetical experiments for a 90-day mission on Space Station to allow analysis of the materials necessary to conduct the experiments and to assess the impact on waste processing of recyclable materials and storage requirements of samples to be returned to earth for analysis as well as of non-recyclable materials. The materials include the specimens themselves, the food, water, and gases necessary to maintain them, the expendables necessary to conduct the experiments, and the metabolic products of the specimens. ...This study defines the volumes. flow rates, and states of these materials, Process concepts for materials handling will include a cage cleaner, trash compactor, biological stabilizer, and various recycling devices. ...The Advanced Programs Office at NASA Ames Research Center has defined hypothetical experiments for a 90-day mission on Space Station to allow analysis of the materials necessary to conduct the experiments and to assess the impact on waste processing of recyclable materials and storage requirements of samples to be returned to earth for analysis as well as of non-recyclable materials.
Training / Education

Introduction to Rubber Science and Technology

2019-05-21
Rubber – a loosely cross-linked network of polymer chains that when strained to high levels will forcibly return to at or near it original dimensions. This course is designed to provide the participant with a thorough understanding of rubber’s engineering characteristics. This class will introduce the various sources of rubber, both natural and synthetic. The class will contrast the differences between rubber and plastics; including thermoplastic rubber. Detailed discussions on how to select the correct rubber polymer for the application, highlighting the pros and cons of each major rubber type.
Technical Paper

Science Research Facilities: Versatility for Space Station

1986-07-14
860958
The Science Lab Module of Space Station will afford an unparalelled opportunity for scientific research in space. ...Facilities will be provided for Life Science research, control of external payloads, servicing of customer equipment and general science investigations.
Technical Paper

Science Accommodations in the Biomass Production System

2001-07-09
2001-01-2231
The BPS provides several features to support on-orbit science activities including the ability to downlink system and science data, video cameras with framegrab capability to collect images for recording plant development, access to plants to perform activities such as pollination or tissue sampling, and gas and fluid sampling ports for sampling of the plant environment. ...Several technology developments have been evaluated for possible implementation during future upgrades to enhance science capabilities.
Technical Paper

Habitability Issues for the Science Laboratory Module

1986-07-14
860971
However, the complexity of the science, the duration of the missions, and the “civilian” orientation of the crew, necessitates additional measures promoting their health and well-being. ...In the Habitability module, the Habitability concerns are directed toward making crewmembers comfortable, while in the Science Laboratory Module, the term also encompasses safety considerations. The paper presents several concepts for control console layout, restraints, trash management, and emergency showers and eye washes.
Training / Education

Basics of Silicone Rubber Science and Technology

2019-05-20
This family of polymers possesses unmatched versatility giving the formulator and user multiple forms and methods to cross link the polymers into rubber materials having the widest service temperature range of any rubber material. This course is designed to provide the participant with a thorough understanding of silicone’s engineering characteristics.
Technical Paper

Mars Science Laboratory Thermal Control Architecture

2005-07-11
2005-01-2828
The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL1) mission to land a large rover on Mars is being planned for Launch in 2009. ...As currently conceived, the rover would use a Multi-mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) to generate about 110 W of electrical power for use in the rover and the science payload. Usage of an MMRTG allows for a large amount of nearly constant electrical power to be generated day and night for all seasons (year around) and latitudes.
Technical Paper

Space Station Freedom Science Support Equipment

1990-07-01
901302
Space Station Freedom (SSF) equipment is being developed to support future research in the life sciences and material sciences. This paper focuses on the preservation and storage equipment, and the trace contaminant control system,.
Technical Paper

Science Requirements for Space Station Laboratory

1985-07-01
851368
The Space Station will provide a new and enhanced capability for life sciences research in space by supplying large amounts of power, volume, and crew time. It will also provide a challenge to the medical community to assure the health and well-being of crewmembers on the station and to extrapolate to longer duration missions in the future.
Technical Paper

The Mars Exploration Rover: An In Situ Science Mission to Mars

2001-07-09
2001-01-2136
In this paper the concept for a mobile vehicle system which performs an in situ science mission to Mars is described. This rover mission with its requirements for driving, positioning at science selected targets, and remote and in situ measurement will utilize the technologies for hazard avoidance and autonomous navigation supported by ground operation tools which use rover-based imagery for position estimation and motion planning. ...This rover mission with its requirements for driving, positioning at science selected targets, and remote and in situ measurement will utilize the technologies for hazard avoidance and autonomous navigation supported by ground operation tools which use rover-based imagery for position estimation and motion planning.
Technical Paper

Operational Considerations for the Space Station Life Science Glovebox

1988-07-01
881123
Laboratory (USL) module on Space Station will house a biological research facility for multidisciplinary research using living plant and animal specimens. The science community requires that the specimen environment remain biologically isolated from the rest of the Station environment. ...An enclosed, sealed Life Science Glovebox (LSG) is the only locale in the USL where specimens can be accessed by crew members. ...This paper discusses the key science, engineering and operational considerations and constraints involving the LSG, such as bioisolation, accessibility, and functional versatility.
Technical Paper

Science Research and Education Modules for the CGBA Spaceflight Incubator

2007-07-09
2007-01-3188
Several small life sciences research modules were designed to accommodate both scientific research and K-12 educational objectives on the same spaceflight mission. ...The spaceflight research is analyzed by students through image analysis of downlinked video and still images. The science objectives of the mission often require sample return for more detailed sample analysis on ground. ...Integration of new modules as part of a CGBA Science Insert (CSI) into the CGBA incubator is facilitated through standardized interfaces. Engineering challenges, trades and system architecture designs are presented for the CGBA Incubator and the CSI life sciences habitats currently on board of ISS.
Technical Paper

Kennedy Space Center Processing of Life Science Payloads

1994-06-01
941281
To demonstrate those operations that deal with Life Science Payloads, this paper will discuss KSC processing of the Space Transportation System (STS) -58 Spacelab Life Sciences-2 (SLS-2) mission which was launched on the Space Shuttle Columbia, October 18, 1993 and landed at Edward's Air Force Base (EAFB) on November 1, 1993.
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