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Journal Article

Probabilistic Reanalysis Using Monte Carlo Simulation

2008-04-14
2008-01-0215
PRA calculates very efficiently the system reliability or the average value of an attribute of a design for many probability distributions of the input variables, by performing a single Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, PRA calculates the sensitivity derivatives of the reliability to the parameters of the probability distributions.
Standard

J1349 Certified Power Engine Data for GM LZG as used in 2008 Chevrolet Impala / Monte Carlo

2007-02-06
CURRENT
CPGM2_08LZGIMPA
This product includes information on the manufacturer, engine, applications, testing location, certified maximum horsepower, certified maximum torque along with the certified curves of horsepower and torque over a wide range of engine RPM speeds. In addition, this product contains complete engine information such as displacement, cylinder configuration, valve train, combustion cycle, pressure charging, charge air cooling, bore, stroke, cylinder numbering convention, firing order, compression ratio, fuel system, fuel system pressure, ignition system, knock control, intake manifold, exhaust manifold, cooling system, coolant liquid, thermostat, cooling fan, lubricating oil, fuel, fuel shut off speed, etc. Also included are all measured test parameters outlined in J2723.
Technical Paper

Monte Carlo Simulation of Cycle by Cycle Variability

1992-10-01
922165
One of the characteristics of nominally homogeneous charge spark ignition engines is a pronounced variation in the combustion rate from cycle to cycle. Many theories have been advanced which attempt to explain the fundamental origin for differences on a cyclic basis. In the present work, some of the suspected causes or their manifestations have been incorporated into Ford's engine combustion model with the intention of determining if their impact on the combustion rate is as theorized. It has been found that initial spark kernel burn rate, the displacement of the spark kernel from the spark plug gap, and the turbulence intensity must all be perturbed simultaneously on a cycle-by-cycle basis to cause the cycle simulation program to mimic the experimentally determined burn parameters with respect to their averages and distributions.
Standard

J1349 Certifed Power Engine Data for GM LZ4 as used in 2006 Chevrolet Impala and 2006 Chevrolet Monte Carlo

2006-02-14
CURRENT
CPGM2_LZ4
This product includes information on the manufacturer, engine, applications, testing location, certified maximum horsepower, certified maximum torque along with the certified curves of horsepower and torque over a wide range of engine RPM speeds. In addition, this product contains complete engine information such as displacement, cylinder configuration, valve train, combustion cycle, pressure charging, charge air cooling, bore, stroke, cylinder numbering convention, firing order, compression ratio, fuel system, fuel system pressure, ignition system, knock control, intake manifold, exhaust manifold, cooling system, coolant liquid, thermostat, cooling fan, lubrication oil, fuel fuel shut off speed, etc. Also included are all measured test parameters outlined in J2723.
Standard

J1349 Certified Power Engine Data for GM LS4 as used in 2008 Chevrolet Impala / Chevrolet Monte Carlo / Pontiac Grand Prix

2008-04-04
CURRENT
CPGM2_08LS4IMGP
This product includes information on the manufacturer, engine, applications, testing location, certified maximum horsepower, certified maximum torque along with the certified curves of horsepower and torque over a wide range of engine RPM speeds. In addition, this product contains complete engine information such as displacement, cylinder configuration, valve train, combustion cycle, pressure charging, charge air cooling, bore, stroke, cylinder numbering convention, firing order, compression ratio, fuel system, fuel system pressure, ignition system, knock control, intake manifold, exhaust manifold, cooling system, coolant liquid, thermostat, cooling fan, lubricating oil, fuel, fuel shut off speed, etc. Also included are all measured test parameters outlined in J2723.
Technical Paper

Determination of Interior NVH Levels from Tire/Wheel Variations using a Monte Carlo Process

2011-05-17
2011-01-1580
Variability in design (e.g. tolerance), material, manufacturing, or other sources of variation causes significant variation in vehicle noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) response. This leads to a higher percentage of produced vehicles with higher levels of NVH leading to higher number of warranty claims and loss of customer satisfaction, which are proven costly to the original equipment manufacturers (OEM). Measures must be taken to insure less warranty claims and higher levels of customer satisfaction. As a result, original equipment manufacturers have implemented design for variation in the design process to secure an acceptable (or within specification) response. We will focus on some aspects of design variations in a tire/wheel assembly that should be considered in the design process. In particular, certain materials (e.g. rubber) are known to have variation in stiffness that is either unavoidable or proven costly if tighter control is desired.
Technical Paper

Sensitivity of Accident Reconstruction Calculations

1998-02-23
980375
A number of simplistic formulae, based on particle dynamics, energy, and momentum methods are routinely employed by accident reconstructionists to calculate vehicle speeds immediately prior to impact. It is almost always the case that scene evidence and other information regarding important variables involved in such equations must either be estimated or can be measured only in an approximate way. ...Example problems illustrate the difficulties faced by accident reconstructionists as they grapple with incomplete and/or estimated values for important variables, and with the inherent sensitivity of some of the calculations to seemingly small variations in variable magnitudes.
Journal Article

Automatic Transmission Gear Ratio Optimization and Monte Carlo Simulation of Fuel Consumption with Parasitic Loss Uncertainty

2015-04-14
2015-01-1145
An enterprise approach for vehicle fleet balancing of fuel consumption objectives based upon selection of automatic transmission gearing strategy is presented. Monte Carlo simulations for the influence of parasitic loss uncertainty for the automatic transmissions selected from the generalized DOE were conducted to determine the range of fuel consumption that might be realized in production. ...Automatic transmission gearing parameter selection was unaffected by the variation introduced by the Monte Carlo simulations, but did show fuel consumption performance to vary upwards of 9 g CO2/km depending on applications and to have a direct impact on powertrain operating parameters.
Journal Article

Vehicle Design for Robust Driveline NVH Due to Imbalance and Runout Using a Monte Carlo Process

2011-05-17
2011-01-1546
Variation in vehicle noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) response can be caused by variability in design (e.g. tolerance), material, manufacturing, or other sources of variation. Such variation in the vehicle response causes a higher percentage of produced vehicles with higher levels (out of specifications) of NVH leading to higher number of warranty claims and loss of customer satisfaction, which are proven costly. Measures must be taken to ensure less warranty claims and higher levels of customer satisfaction. As a result, original equipment manufacturers have implemented design for variation in the design process to secure an acceptable (or within specification) response. This paper focuses on aspects of design variations that should be considered in the design process of drivelines. Variations due to imbalance and runout in rotating components can be unavoidable or costly to control.
Technical Paper

Particulate Matter Formation Dynamics as Investigated by Ultra-Accelerated Quantum Chemical Molecular Dynamics Coupled with Canonical Monte Carlo Method

2016-04-05
2016-01-0553
Suppression or reduction of soot emissions is an important goal in the development of automotive engines for environmental and human health purposes. A better understanding at the molecular level of the formation process of soot particles resulting from collision and aggregation of smaller particles made of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) is needed. In addition to experiments, computational methods are efficient and valuable tools for this purpose. As a first step in our detailed computational chemistry study, we applied Ultra-Accelerated Molecular Dynamics (UAQCMD) and Canonical Monte-Carlo (CMC) methods to investigate the nucleation process. The UA-QCMD can calculate chemical reaction dynamics 107 times faster than conventional first principle molecular dynamics methods, while CMC can calculate equilibrium properties at various temperatures, pressures, and chemical compositions.
Journal Article

A Monte Carlo Based Turbulent Flame Propagation Model for Predictive SI In-Cylinder Engine Simulations Employing Detailed Chemistry for Accurate Knock Prediction

2012-09-10
2012-01-1680
The flame development was calculated from the turbulent flame speed under the assumption of a spherical flame. A Monte Carlo geometry calculation was applied to cater for arbitrary cylinder geometries and spark plug positions, modelling the geometrical properties of the flame with high precision. ...In later stages of the project, a polygon based description of the flame surface was used, to achieve faster computational times than those of the Monte Carlo model.
Technical Paper

Utilizing Electronic Control Module Data in Accident Reconstruction

2000-03-06
2000-01-0466
This paper will briefly discuss the development of the diesel engine ECM from the late 1980's to the present with emphasis on the data recording capabilities related to vehicle accident reconstruction. In particular, vehicle diagnostic sensors which continuously monitor engine speed, vehicle speed, brake switch condition (on/off), clutch position (on/off), cruise switch condition (on/off), etc. will be discussed, as well as software capabilities which track rapid deceleration events (“quick stop occurrences”) and provide a “snapshot” of the vehicle's properties during the moments just prior to and after a collision. ...A heavy truck manufactured in the late 1990's is likely to be equipped with an electronic control module (ECM) which has the capability of being the truck's “flight recorder” in a serious accident. Extracting data from the ECM often answers critical questions regarding vehicle speed and the driver's actions leading up to, during and after a vehicle accident. ...Extracting data from the ECM often answers critical questions regarding vehicle speed and the driver's actions leading up to, during and after a vehicle accident. This paper will briefly discuss the development of the diesel engine ECM from the late 1980's to the present with emphasis on the data recording capabilities related to vehicle accident reconstruction.
Standard

J1349 Certified Power Engine Data for GM LZ8 as used in 2007 Impala/Monte Carlo Level 2

2006-08-01
CURRENT
CPGM2_07LZ8IMPA
This product includes information on the manufacturer, engine, applications, testing location, certified maximum horsepower, certified maximum torque along with the certified curves of horsepower and torque over a wide range of engine RPM speeds. In addition, this product contains complete engine information such as displacement, cylinder configuration, valve train, combustion cycle, pressure charging, charge air cooling, bore, stroke, cylinder numbering convention, firing order, compression ratio, fuel system, fuel system pressure, ignition system, knock control, intake manifold, exhaust manifold, cooling system, coolant liquid, thermostat, cooling fan, lubricating oil, fuel, fuel shut off speed, etc. Also included are all measured test parameters outlined in J2723.
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