Characterizing Regenerative Coast-Down Deceleration in Tesla Model 3, S, and X
Tesla Motors vehicles utilize a regenerative braking system to increase mileage per charge. The system is designed to convert the vehicles’ kinetic energy during coast-down into electrical potential energy by using rotational wheel motion to charge the batteries, resulting in moderate deceleration. During this coast-down, the system will activate the brake lights to notify following vehicles of deceleration. The goals of this study were to analyze and quantify the regenerative braking behavior of the Tesla Model 3, S, and X, as well as the timing and activation criteria for the brake lights during the coast-down state. A total of seven Tesla vehicles (two Model 3, three Model S and two Model X) were tested in both Standard and Low regenerative braking modes. All three Tesla models exhibited similar three-phase behavior: an initial ramp-up phase, a steady-state phase, and a non-linear ramp-down phase at low road speeds. Phase 1 was less than one second in length.