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Technical Paper

NASA Personal Air Transportation Technologies

2006-08-30
2006-01-2413
The ability to personalize air travel through the use of an on-demand, highly distributed air transportation system will provide the degree of freedom and control that Americans enjoy in other aspects of their life. ...This new capability, of traveling when, where, and how we want with greatly enhanced mobility, accessibility, and speed requires vehicle and airspace technologies to provide the equivalent of an internet PC ubiquity, to an air transportation system that now exists as a centralized hub and spoke mainframe NASA airspace related research in this new category of aviation has been conducted through the Small Aircraft Transportation (SATS) project, while the vehicle technology efforts have been conducted in the Personal Air Vehicle sector of the Vehicle Systems Program. ...This new capability, of traveling when, where, and how we want with greatly enhanced mobility, accessibility, and speed requires vehicle and airspace technologies to provide the equivalent of an internet PC ubiquity, to an air transportation system that now exists as a centralized hub and spoke mainframe NASA airspace related research in this new category of aviation has been conducted through the Small Aircraft Transportation (SATS) project, while the vehicle technology efforts have been conducted in the Personal Air Vehicle sector of the Vehicle Systems Program. The PAV sector technology research conducted over the past several years is described, including intelligent avionics for ease of use, integrated low noise propulsion, advanced internal combustion engines, low cost variable pitch ducted propellers, lean design structures, quality assurance based certification regulations, a laminar flow fuselage with integrated aero-propulsion, advanced vehicle concepts, and high density airspace simulations.
Journal Article

A Personal Plane Air Transportation System - The PPlane Project

2011-10-18
2011-01-2697
The seventh European Framework Program (FP7) “Personal Plane” project (PPlane) aims at developing system ideas to enable personal air transport in the long term (2030 and beyond). ...A systematic and innovative approach has been developed and implemented within the PPlane project in order to understand and analyze customers' needs and to propose novel ideas for a Personal Air Transport System (PATS). This system would satisfy the end users while respecting all environmental and social constraints. ...The preliminary assumption made in the PPlane project is that automatisms should be developed to enable a “regular Joe” to use a personal aircraft, in various weather conditions, without any command and control difficulties, using a “push button” navigation interface.
Technical Paper

Personal Air Transportation: An Analysis of the Transportation Research Board's Review of the Small Aircraft Transportation System and Other Recommendations

2003-03-03
2003-01-1347
With refinement of jet engines and the technology from the Internet Age, personal air transportation could now be a reality for the rest of the nation. A new generation of advanced, small aircraft promise to significantly reduce the costs of jets and new Airborne Internet systems are being tested to replace the 50-year old radar systems. ...The Jet Age brought high-speed air transportation, drastically shortening travel time. Indeed, jets made the world seem smaller. ...In order to make air service affordable and air traffic manageable, however, a hub-and-spoke system was developed which limited air service to large cities and the airlines schedule, except for those with personal aircraft.
Standard

Cabin Stowage of Personal Wheelchairs

2013-04-20
CURRENT
AIR4496A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides guidance criteria for the storage of personal wheelchairs in the passenger compartment of transport category aircraft, which have not been provided by the air carrier and are designated for the sole use of the passenger requiring such assistance. ...This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides guidance criteria for the storage of personal wheelchairs in the passenger compartment of transport category aircraft, which have not been provided by the air carrier and are designated for the sole use of the passenger requiring such assistance.
Standard

Some Factors Affecting Visibility of Aircraft Navigation and Anticollision Lights

2014-05-29
CURRENT
AIR1106B
The scope of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to discuss factors affecting visibility of aircraft navigation and anticollision lights, enabling those concerned with their use to have a better technical understanding of such factors, and to aid in exercising appropriate judgment in the many possible flight eventualities.
Standard

Applications of Probabilistic Methods

2002-02-15
CURRENT
AIR5109
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) addresses the following: 1 Captures previous experience and lessons learned in the application of PM. 2 Tabulates public-domain applications, and several representative examples discussed in detail. 3 Notes relative merits and barriers to implementation.
Standard

Packaging and Transportation of Oxygen Equipment

2017-05-24
CURRENT
AIR5742A
It summarizes national and international regulations to be taken into account for transportation on land, sea and air and provides information on classification of hazardous material. ...The scope of this document is related to the particular needs of oxygen equipment with regards to packaging and transportation. The document provides guidance for handling chemical, gaseous and liquid oxygen equipment. ...The aim of this document is to summarize information on packaging and transportation of oxygen equipment. Statements and references to regulations cited herein are for information only and should not be considered as interpretation of a law.
Standard

Nonvolatile Exhaust Particle Measurement Techniques

2012-03-07
CURRENT
AIR5892B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) addresses procedures applicable to quantifying the emission of nonvolatile particulate matter at the exit plane of aircraft gas turbine engines. ...Responding to regulatory agency requests, this AIR describes measurement techniques that are well developed and could be applied to the measurement of aircraft engine particulate matter. ...Appendix A, SAE E-31 Position Paper on Particle Matter Measurements, provides additional technical bases for the scope of this AIR. The measurement methods for volatile condensed particles in turbine exhaust will be covered in a subsequent report.
Standard

Ozone in High Altitude Aircraft

2011-10-17
CURRENT
AIR910C
The purpose of this report is to provide information on ozone, its effects, generally accepted ozone exposure limits (aviation and non-aviation), and methods of its control in high altitude aircraft. Sources of information are listed and referenced in the text.
Standard

Oxygen Equipment for Aircraft

2012-12-03
CURRENT
AIR825D
This report provides information on the design and use of aircraft oxygen systems. It explains the physiological oxygen requirements of the human body in both a normal environment and in an hypoxic environment. It includes an overview of the continuous flow, demand and pressure demand, and liquid oxygen systems. A basic understanding of how each system operates is then specifically addressed in its own titled section. The charts, tables, and schematics provide a specific example of a theoretical oxygen system design and the calculations showing how that system would meet the regulations established by the FAR’s. A comprehensive overview of the theoretical oxygen requirements of the human body at altitude is also provided. A detailed list of specifications and standards applicable to aircraft oxygen systems is included.
Standard

Composites and Metal Bonding Glossary

2017-06-20
CURRENT
AIR4844C
The following terminology has been generated by the ATA/IATA/SAE Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee (CACRC) and provides terminology for design, fabrication, and repair of composite and bonded metal structures.
Standard

Continuous Flow Oxygen Systems

2002-10-21
CURRENT
AIR825/8
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information on Continuous Flow Oxygen Systems which are available, principle functions of those systems and technical approaches to be taken into account during design and realization of systems.
Standard

Air Conditioning of Aircraft Cargo

1997-10-01
CURRENT
AIR806B
The report presents air conditioning data for aircraft cargo which is affected by temperature, humidity, ventilation rate and atmospheric pressure.
Standard

Air Quality for Commercial Aircraft Cabins

2007-11-19
CURRENT
AIR4766
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on air quality and some of the factors affecting the perception of cabin air quality in commercial aircraft cabin air. ...This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on air quality and some of the factors affecting the perception of cabin air quality in commercial aircraft cabin air. Also a typical safety analysis process utilizing a Functional Hazard Assessment approach is discussed.
Standard

A Review of Literature on the Relationship Between Gas Turbine Engine Lubricants and Aircraft Cabin Air Quality

2002-04-01
CURRENT
AIR5784
The literature falls into three categories: Air quality (Section 5), which includes: Future systems to improve air quality Research plans into investigating cabin air quality Chemistry of turbine lubricants, phosphate esters (Section 6), including evaluation of products found in cabin air and thermal breakdown products of lubricants. ...This has included (although by no means been limited to) the air quality, with particular reference to the alleged effects of contamination from the aircraft turbine lubricant. ...Such is the concern that government organisations around the world, including Australia, USA and UK, have set up committees to investigate the cabin air quality issue. Concern was also voiced in the aviation lubricants world at the way in which OP additives in turbine lubricants were being blamed in some reports for the symptoms being experienced by air crew and passengers.
Standard

Air Quality for Commercial Aircraft Cabin Particulate Contaminants

2005-02-18
CURRENT
AIR4766/1
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers airbone particulate contaminants that may be present in commercial aircraft cabin air during operation. ...This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers airbone particulate contaminants that may be present in commercial aircraft cabin air during operation. Discussions cover sources of contaminants, methods of control and design recommendations. ...Discussions cover sources of contaminants, methods of control and design recommendations. Air quality, ventilation requirements and standards are also discussed.
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