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Technical Paper

Satellite Meteorology

1962-01-01
620487
This paper examines the results of the U.S. meteorological satellite program to date, specifically the Tiros I, II, and III satellites. The various subject areas covered are: orbital configuration and photographic coverage, utilization of data obtained (operational and research), and data processing, including the need for advanced automated ground data processing and dissemination to exploit fully the potential of satellite meteorology. ...The various subject areas covered are: orbital configuration and photographic coverage, utilization of data obtained (operational and research), and data processing, including the need for advanced automated ground data processing and dissemination to exploit fully the potential of satellite meteorology.
Standard

LOW-EARTH ORBITING AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

2018-10-01
CURRENT
ARINC771-1
This document sets forth the desired characteristics of the Iridium Low-Earth Orbiting (LEO) Aviation Satellite Communication (Satcom) System avionics intended for installation in all types of aircraft including commercial transport, business, and general aviation aircraft. ...The intent of this document is to provide a description of the system components, aircraft interfaces, and satellite communication functions. It also describes the desired system performance and operational capability of the equipment.
Standard

LOW-EARTH ORBITING AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

2016-08-05
CURRENT
ARINC771
The Iridium NEXT satellite network replaces the Iridium legacy satellite network known as Block 1....This document sets forth the desired characteristics of the Iridium Low-Earth Orbiting (LEO) Aviation Satellite Communication (Satcom) System avionics intended for installation in all types of aircraft including commercial transport, business, and general aviation aircraft. ...The intent of this document is to provide a description of the system components, aircraft interface, and satellite communication functions. It also describes the desired system performance and operational capability of the equipment.
Standard

MARK 3 AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

2017-08-09
CURRENT
ARINC781-7
This document sets forth the desired characteristics of an aviation satellite communication (Satcom) system intended for installation in all types of commercial transport and business aircraft. ...This Characteristic specifies equipment using Inmarsat satellites operating in L-band. Ku-band and Ka-band equipment is specified in ARINC Characteristic 791.
Standard

MARK 3 AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

2019-09-10
CURRENT
ARINC781-8
This document sets forth the desired characteristics of an aviation satellite communication (satcom) system intended for installation in all types of commercial transport and business aircraft. ...This Characteristic specifies equipment using Inmarsat satellites operating in L-band. Ku-band and Ka-band equipment is specified in ARINC Characteristic 791.
Standard

AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM PART 1 AIRCRAFT INSTALLATION PROVISIONS

2012-06-26
CURRENT
ARINC741P1-14
This document defines the characteristics of first generation L-band satellite communication system installations including the avionics equipment. This document provides traditional form, fit, function, and interface standards for the installation of Satcom equipment for use in all types of aircraft. ...It defines the satellite data unit in a 6 MCU form factor. It also provides a summary description of each avionics component that would comply with this document.
Standard

AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS PART 1 AIRCRAFT INSTALLATION PROVISIONS

2019-12-23
CURRENT
ARINC741P1-15
This ARINC Standard defines the installation characteristics of first generation L-band satellite communication systems. It provides the traditional form, fit, function, and interfaces for the installation of satcom equipment for use in all types of aircraft. ...Description of avionics equipment (e.g., Satellite Data Unit (SDU), Antennas, etc.) are included. Supplement 15 adds references to new Diplexer/Low Noise Amplifiers (DLNAs) defined in Supplement 8 to ARINC Characteristic 781: Mark 3 Aviation Satellite Communication Systems. ...Supplement 15 adds references to new Diplexer/Low Noise Amplifiers (DLNAs) defined in Supplement 8 to ARINC Characteristic 781: Mark 3 Aviation Satellite Communication Systems. The five new DLNAs are intended to protect Inmarsat Classic Aero and SwiftBroadband (SBB) satcom equipment from ground-based cellular sources, such as cellular Long Term Evolution (LTE) and Ancillary Terrestrial Component (ATCt).
Technical Paper

The FAA Satellite Airport Program

1980-04-01
800758
The Federal Aviation Administration's satellite airport program is aimed at reducing congestion and simplifying traffic at major air carrier airports by developing attractive alternative (satellite) airports for use by general aviation. ...The Federal Aviation Administration's satellite airport program is aimed at reducing congestion and simplifying traffic at major air carrier airports by developing attractive alternative (satellite) airports for use by general aviation. The initial $100 million program includes projects to increase the capacity of satellite airports and to install 24 instrument landing systems suitable for training activity. ...The initial $100 million program includes projects to increase the capacity of satellite airports and to install 24 instrument landing systems suitable for training activity.
Technical Paper

Sodium-Sulfur Batteries for Satellite Applications

1990-04-01
901056
Increases in Air Force satellite power requirements dictate the need to increase battery useable energy density and lifetime over current levels. ...This paper will summarize efforts by Wright Research and Development Center to develop sodium-sulfur technology into a practical satellite energy storage system for GEO and LEO applications.
Standard

SECOND GENERATION AVIATION SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, AIRCRAFT INSTALLATION PROVISIONS

2019-12-23
CURRENT
ARINC761-6
This ARINC Standard defines the installation characteristics of second generation L-band satellite communication systems. It provides the traditional form, fit, function, and interfaces for the installation of satcom equipment for use in all types of aircraft. ...Description of avionics equipment (e.g., Satellite Data Unit (SDU), Antennas, etc.) are included. Supplement 6 adds references to new Diplexer/Low Noise Amplifiers (DLNAs) defined in Supplement 8 to ARINC Characteristic 781: Mark 3 Aviation Satellite Communication Systems. ...Supplement 6 adds references to new Diplexer/Low Noise Amplifiers (DLNAs) defined in Supplement 8 to ARINC Characteristic 781: Mark 3 Aviation Satellite Communication Systems. The five new DLNAs are intended to protect Inmarsat Classic Aero and SwiftBroadband (SBB) satcom equipment from ground-based cellular sources, such as cellular Long Term Evolution (LTE) and Ancillary Terrestrial Component (ATCt).
Technical Paper

Pneumatic Power for Satellite Control

1967-02-01
670556
Typical applications include the use of pneumatic power for attitude control of an orbiting satellite. Selection of a pneumatic system for satellite control is predicated on certain key requirements and constraints imposed upon the system. ...The above parameters are considered in a case example of tradeoff studies that ultimately leads to a pneumatic system design for attitude control of a long-life orbiting satellite.
Technical Paper

Terrestrial Satellite Storage

1988-10-01
881497
This paper addresses whether sufficient service can be expected from a satellite which has been stored on the ground for significant periods of time prior to launch. The technical issues which limit a satellite's lifetime have been examined and indicate that terrestrial storage will not have an appreciable adverse effect on the operational lifetime of a satellite if proper storage precautions and testing procedures are followed. ...The technical issues which limit a satellite's lifetime have been examined and indicate that terrestrial storage will not have an appreciable adverse effect on the operational lifetime of a satellite if proper storage precautions and testing procedures are followed. ...The technical issues which limit a satellite's lifetime have been examined and indicate that terrestrial storage will not have an appreciable adverse effect on the operational lifetime of a satellite if proper storage precautions and testing procedures are followed. These storage procedures include atmosphere type specifications, temperature and humidity levels, frequency of in-storage maintenance or testing and the type of post-storage testing.
Technical Paper

Lessons Learned from the Marketing of Satellite TV Applied to Satellite Radio

2004-10-18
2004-21-0006
That bet more than paid off with the satellite TV industry growing to more than twenty million subscribers. Satellite radio now faces the same questions, but history has already passed judgment on its ultimate success. ...In the spring of 1991, the business teams of Hughes Communication and Thomson Consumer Electronics asked the question of whether a satellite TV system with an 18″ dish could be a viable consumer product. Would people pay for what was previously “free” and could the market be expanded from the rural un-served to the perceived metro underserved? ...The question is no longer whether it will succeed, but exactly how great is the opportunity. Satellite radio will not only fulfill its promise of offering a wide range of lean back entertainment options, but also the potential for new lean forward services.
Technical Paper

The Satellite Airport System and the Community

1968-02-01
680328
To find solutions to the above problems, a satellite system of airports has been developed which will smooth out the interfaces with all other forms of transportation for people and commodities, and will disperse the volumes entering the system. ...In our satellite airport system studies, the Metroport, with short elevated runways capable of handling the new vertical and short take-off aircraft, has evolved. ...The Los Angeles satellite airport concept is one of the best answers to bringing air transportation to all sections of the metropolitan areas.
Technical Paper

Satellite Servicing Logistics

1986-10-01
861723
Current and anticipated satellite servicing logistics tasks in support of commercial, scientific, and military space based operations are addressed. ...The logistics support elements described herein provide a scenario to achieve the supportability goals and reduce the overall satellite servicing costs. A preliminary cost analysis as part of this text confirms the need for a consolidated support program.
Technical Paper

Satellite Servicing through Space Telepresence

1982-02-01
821499
The re-emergence of interest in onorbit satellite servicing is evident by the increased relevant activities by potential space users. This new interest could be attributed to the explosion in all robotics technology areas or the increases in overall space program costs.
Technical Paper

Communication Satellite Control Systems

1974-02-01
740872
During the last 12 years, global communication via earth satellites has grown from an experimental status to fully operational international and domestic systems. ...During the last 12 years, global communication via earth satellites has grown from an experimental status to fully operational international and domestic systems. These satellites have utilized spin stabilization for the most part because of its inherent simplicity and high reliability. ...This paper deals with attitude control technology as it applies to typical communications satellites. The basic stabilization problem is stated in terms of the system requirements and perturbations such as environmental disturbances and the effects of internal fuel slosh.
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