The scope of this document is limited to Enhanced SyntheticVision Systems ESVS human factors considerations and requirements in comprehension, interpretation and application of imagery and integrated symbology in Enhanced (sensor) and Synthetic (database) Vision Systems in aircraft. ...The scope of this document is limited to Enhanced Synthetic Vision Systems ESVS human factors considerations and requirements in comprehension, interpretation and application of imagery and integrated symbology in Enhanced (sensor) and Synthetic (database) Vision Systems in aircraft. Any overlap into logic problems or hardware/software design should be considered to be incidental to the human factors issues.
Soon, pilots will be able to look at the outside world through an artificial window called Vision 1, a new system developed by Universal Avionics Systems Corporation. Vision 1 takes the situational awareness advances from TAWS (terrain awareness warning system) to a new level by generating real time terrain depictions on the pilot’s primary flight displays. ...The next step is to take the latest technology advancements, which now provide the required performance, display quality and avionics robustness, to generate real-time terrain images on a pilot’s primary flight displays. Vision 1 is intended to break this new ground as a certified avionics system. This paper presents key Vision 1 enabling and development challenges. ...This paper presents key Vision 1 enabling and development challenges. These challenges include performance, robustness, reliability and integration with high-resolution primary flight displays, human factors and safety.
This paper reviews the current status of enabling technologies for head-up syntheticvision displays and outlines ongoing efforts in the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) to develop and test these displays, both in ground-based simulation and in flight. ...Examples of how these issues are considered in the design of a syntheticvision HUD are given, and recommendations made for the design of these displays based on this discussion and findings from human factors studies conducted by AFRL. ...Enabling technologies needed to provide pilots a synthetic view of the outside world are expected to mature within the next three to five years.
The scope of this Vertical Flight document is limited to human behavioral technologies associated with design and/or implementation of Enhanced SyntheticVision Systems (ESVS) in vertical flight aircraft. Any overlap into logic problems or hardware/software design shall be considered to be incidental to the human factors issues.
In this paper we present the development of an Auxiliary SyntheticVision System to be used on Unmanned Air Vehicle system. The project “Development of an Unmanned Air Vehicle”, presented at SAE BRASIL 2005 Congress, was the basis of the development of this project. ...This is what we define as an UAV navigation system through a syntheticvision.
Industry trends have integrated those individual projects into a broader navigation paradigm, known as “SyntheticVision”. This new idea seeks to broadly enhance the situational awareness of all phases of flight, including taxi, take-off, departure, enroute, arrival, approach, and finally landing, rollout, and taxi back to the gate. ...This new idea seeks to broadly enhance the situational awareness of all phases of flight, including taxi, take-off, departure, enroute, arrival, approach, and finally landing, rollout, and taxi back to the gate. SyntheticVision Systems (SVS) offer the hope of providing a significant decrease, or the eventual elimination of most types of runway incursions, at all of those airports for which synthetic vision databases shall be constructed. ...Synthetic Vision Systems (SVS) offer the hope of providing a significant decrease, or the eventual elimination of most types of runway incursions, at all of those airports for which syntheticvision databases shall be constructed. This paper shall introduce the composition and design of these databases, for a general audience.
To provide information about the position and orientation of the aircraft relative to the required flight path, several experimental syntheticvision display formats include a depiction of this path by means of a so-called highway-or tunnel-in-the-sky, sometimes augmented with a position predictor.
The SyntheticVision System Technology Demonstration is a joint FAA/DOD/Industry project to document and demonstrate aircraft sensor and system performance achieved with pilots using fog-penetrating millimeter wave (MMW) sensors, a Forward Looking IR (FLIR) sensor, and a Head-Up Display (HUD).
This paper summarizes the results of several studies conducted at Langley Research Center over the past few years. The purposes of these studies were to investigate parameters of pictorial displays and imaging sensors that affect pilot approach and landing performance. Pictorial displays have demonstrated exceptional tracking performance and improved the pilots' spatial awareness. Stereopsis cueing improved pilot flight performance and reduced pilot stress. Sensor image parameters such as increased field-of-view, faster image update rate, and aiding symbology improved flare initiation. Finer image resolution and magnification improved attitude control performance parameters.
The General Aviation Element of the Aviation Safety Program's SyntheticVision Systems (SVS) Project is developing technology to eliminate low visibility induced General Aviation (GA) accidents. ...The physiological measures of skin temperature, heart rate, and muscle response, show a decreased engagement (while using the syntheticvision displays as compared to the baseline conventional display) of the sympathetic and somatic nervous system responses which, in turn, indicates a reduced level of mental workload.
An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effectiveness of SyntheticVision Systems (SVS) flight displays as a means of eliminating Low Visibility Loss of Control (LVLOC) and Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accidents by low time general aviation (GA) pilots.
The function of uniform terminology is to promote understandable and exact communication in the area of vision. A great deal of effort has been expended to make these definitions suit this purpose. It is recognized that this terminology, like other dictionaries, must be revised periodically to reflect current usage and changing needs. ...The Driver Vision Subcommittee of the Human Factors Engineering Committee, therefore, solicits suggestions for improvements and additions to be considered in future revisions.
The enhanced component digitizes imagery from electro-optic sensors and fuses the sensor image as an inset (20 degrees by 25 degrees) within the synthetic image. Symbology can be overlaid in any location within the synthetic field-of-view and may be head, aircraft, target or terrain referenced. ...Active sensor (laser or radar) data will be fused with the synthetic database in real time to update the synthetic image content. To establish system performance as well as human interface requirements, the program has been supported by an extensive series of human-in-the-loop studies in university, company and government laboratories. ...The Enhanced/Synthetic Vision System (E/SVS) is a Technology Demonstrator (TD) project supported by the Chief, Research and Development of the Canadian Department of National Defence.
The discussion includes: 1) the EVS option on future production aircraft, and 2) development of a SyntheticVision System (SVS) for the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT). These two projects are overlapping efforts at this time due to their similar nature. ...An Enhanced Vision System (EVS) displays sensor derived information to the pilot, usually on a Head Up Display (HUD).
This book brings together a range of views representing both leading-edge thinking and best practices in the mobility sector, with the individual expert contributions framing a broader vision of future mobility. It is necessary to move beyond the technology of new cars to confront the challenges of institutional, cultural, and social change required for increased sustainability.