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Technical Paper

Prediction and Improvement of Structure-Borne and Airborne Whines of an Electric Vehicle for Virtual Development

Many sources and paths cause interior cabin noise. Some noise from an electric vehicle is unique and different from a vehicle with an internal combustion engine. Especially, whine noise occurs due to the particular orders of the electromagnetic force of an electric motor and transmission gears, which is tonal and usually reaches high frequencies. This paper covers structure-borne (SB) and airborne (AB) aspects to estimate whine, and the difference between the two characteristics is distinguished. The focus lies mainly on the process of virtual vehicle development and application for performance improvement. First, to predict SB whine, an e-powertrain is modeled as a finite element model (FEM), and electromagnetic (EM) forces are calculated. A vehicle model is also modeled as an FEM, in which interior sound packages are carefully modeled as they play an important role in the medium-frequency region.