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Technical Paper

A Fault-Tolerant Control Method for 4WIS/4WID Electric Vehicles Based on Reconfigurable Control Allocation

This paper presents a fault-tolerant control (FTC) method for four-wheel independently driven and steered (4WIS/4WID) electric vehicles based on a reconfigurable control allocation to increase the flexibility for vehicle control and improve the safety of vehicle after the steering actuator fails. The proposed fault tolerant control method consists of the following three parts: 1) a fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) module that monitors vehicle steering condition, detects and diagnoses actuator failures; 2) an upper controller that computes the generalized forces/moments to track the desired vehicle motion and trajectory; 3) a reconfigurable control allocator that optimally distributes the generalized forces/moments to four wheels. The FTC approach based on the reconfigurable control allocation reallocates the generalized forces/moments among healthy steering actuators and driving motors once the actuator failures is detected.