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Technical Paper

Model-Based Development Design for a Continuously Variable Discharge Oil Pump Design

Recently, for protection of the environment, the regulation of automobile fuel consumption and exhaust gas emission has been strengthened. In light of such circumstances, automobile parts are generally required to be able to improve fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust gas emission. In order to meet such requirements, the structure of fuel/exhaust-related devices has become complicated. Redesigns of future products that will be increasingly complex will lengthen the development period and reduce cost efficiency seriously.
Technical Paper

A Basic Study of a Driver's Gaze Area Detection System

With the improved safety performance of vehicles, the number of accidents has been decreasing. However, accidents due to driver distraction still occur, which means that there is a high need to determine whether a driver is properly looking at the surroundings. Meanwhile, with the trend toward partial automatic driving of vehicles in recent years, it is also urgently required that the state of the driver be grasped. Even if automatic driving is not installed, it is desired that the state of the driver be grasped and an application for control be performed depending on the state of the driver. Under these circumstances, we have built an algorithm that determines of the direction a driver is looking, to make a basic determination of whether or not the driver is in a state suitable for safe driving of the vehicle.
Technical Paper

Burrless Surface Processing Technology

Although burr removal after machining generates no value, it is a factor to add major processing cost. While our final goal is to remove the deburring process, development of minimizing the variance in the amount and type of burr after machining was promoted this time as our first step. This report presents how we reduced deburring time significantly by minimizing burr as much as possible from optimization of a blade release angle and development of a relevant tool.
Technical Paper

Preview Ride Comfort Control for Electric Active Suspension (eActive3)

This paper reports the results of a study into a preview control that uses the displacement of the road surface in front of the vehicle to improve for front and rear actuator responsiveness delays, as well as delays due to calculation, communication, and the like. This study also examined the effect of a preview control using the eActive3 electric active suspension system, which is capable of controlling the roll, pitch, and warp modes of vehicle motion.
Technical Paper

Development of a Plastic Intake Manifold with CAE

Recently, plastic air intake manifold (PAIM) has been adopted into gasoline and diesel engines as standard equipment. The advantages of the PAIM are light mass weight, low cost, high thermal-insulation efficiency and reduction of air pressure loss compared with a metal air intake manifold. However, in order to bring the advantages of the PAIM into play, many issues including static burst, noise and vibration, and so on should be settled in its design process. In this paper, the performance prediction and application example of PAIM are introduced.
Technical Paper

Estimation of Lateral Grip Margin Based on Self-aligning Torque for Vehicle Dynamics Enhancement

It is well known that the self-aligning torque decreases before lateral force is saturated. Focusing on this self-aligning torque change, an estimation method has been developed to detect the friction condition between steered wheels and road surface before the lateral force reaches the friction limit. The lateral grip margin (LGM) is defined based on the self-aligning torque change, which is obtained using the EPS torque and motor current information. The LGM is theoretically analyzed based on the tire model and experimentally verified through the full-scale vehicle test. Moreover, the estimated LGM is applied for the chassis control systems to improve the vehicle dynamics performance.
Technical Paper

Development of 4WS Control Algorithm for a SUV

Sport Utility Vehicles (SUV) and light duty trucks have gained in popularity for the last several years and the demand for more car-like behavior has increased, accordingly. Two areas for potential improvement are vehicle stability and maneuverability while parking. 4WS (4 wheel steering system) is known as an effective solution to stability and low speed maneuverability. In this paper, we identify a new systematic design method of two degree of freedom vehicle state feedback control algorithm that can improve vehicle stability, and show its control effects for a SUV with trailer towing. Low speed maneuvering is improved when the rear tires are steered in negative phase relative to the front tires. However with a large rear steer angle at low speed, the vehicle's rear overhang tracks a wider swing-out path than a 2WS vehicle. For this concern, we propose a new swing-out reduction control algorithm.
Technical Paper

Development of Switched Reluctance Motor for EV Traction System

Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) mainly has two advantageous characteristics such as no magnet and simple construction. These characteristics contribute lower cost and higher reliability compared with other motor systems such as brushless permanent magnet motors or induction motors. However, acoustic noise and output torque ripple should be improved when the SRM is applied to a traction system for passenger electric vehicle since these characteristics directly affect vehicle quietness and drivability. In this paper, we describe a system configuration of the SRM traction system for passenger electric vehicle. The SRM traction system includes an electric motor, transmission gears and power inverter module. Then, an approach to improve acoustic noise and output torque ripple is introduced. Generation mechanisms of acoustic noise and output torque ripple are analyzed.
Technical Paper

Study of the Contact Pressures and Deformations of Piston Skirt in Gasoline Engine

This paper describes the investigation into the contact pressure and incidental deformation on the contact surface of the piston skirt which comes in contact with the cylinder bore in operation. Focused on the single piston static tests in the first place, relationship between the contact pressure on said skirt and the strains developed inside the skirt, and the relationship between the deformation of skirt face and the strains inside the skirt were studied. Then, the dynamic contact pressure onto the skirt in operation and the amount of deformation were calculated based on the relationships mentioned above using the factor of dynamic strains measured on an engine in operation. The deformation of skirt calculated using said dynamic strains was verified by the direct measurement of the skirt deformation. It was demonstrated that the thrust side of a piston skirt was largely deformed due to enlarged contact pressure caused by the piston slap subsequent to firing top dead center.
Technical Paper

Development of Robust Motor Servo Control for Rear Steering Actuator Based on Two-Degree-of-Freedom Control System

Rear steering system can improve vehicle stability using active control of the rear wheel angles. For designing the rear steering system, environmental conditions, performance deterioration due to aging and component variation as a result of manufacturing tolerance under mass production must be taken into consideration. We have applied two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) feedback control with feedforward control for the motor servo control so that the rear steering actuator can track the target rear steering angle accurately and stably. The control system is designed based upon a nominal mathematical model and its variation range. As a result, the rear steering actuator can be controlled with excellent performance and high reliability. This paper describes the mathematical model construction in the frequency domain and a robust motor servo controller design based on 2DOF feedback control with feedforward control.
Technical Paper

Development of Roll-Forming Technology With Gradual Cross-Sectional Change

As a process that enables the high-speed and continuous forming of lengthy materials with a constant cross-sectional configuration, roll forming offers much higher productivity than the stamping process. However, in case a change must be made to the shape of the cross section, the material must normally be stamped or joined with a part containing a separate shape. This affects productivity, increases the number of pieces, and degrades the material's appearance. This report describes the roll-forming technology that we developed, in which the cross section of the material can be changed gradually. This method adopts a system which uses a movable and rotatable roll-stand that enables high-speed, continuous roll-forming processes.
Technical Paper

Development of the Quick Response Tandem Brake Booster

Responsiveness is one of the main characteristics of a brake booster. The design of a tandem booster, with its two boosting chambers, has a negative influence on high responsiveness. This report, using the CFD method for the air flow analysis, shows the way we found the most suitable air passage within the space of the given design of the current production tandem booster.
Technical Paper

Concurrent CFD Analysis for Development of Rear Spoiler for Hatchback Vehicles

Airflow effect is one of the important functions demanded of a rear spoiler. It helps prevent mud or dust from swirling up behind the running vehicle, or in the case of driving in the rain or snow, helps prevent rain or snow from adhering to the rear window. During the design process, we often decide on the shape of a spoiler in a relatively short time, focusing primarily on its appearance. Therefore, we established a design method using the recently developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to determine the central cross sectional shape of a spoiler that produces a desired airflow effect. We verified its effectiveness through testing.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Vehicle Directional Stability for Transient Steering Maneuvers Using Active Brake Control

In this paper, we discuss vehicle directional stability and introduce advanced stability control (ASTC) to stabilize the vehicle during severe cornering. Vehicle behavior in a transient steering condition during severe cornering was analyzed by computer simulation. It was found that applying an external yaw moment makes the vehicle more stable. The effect of controlling the brake force response is also evaluated by simulation to determine the brake actuator response criteria. The actual vehicle test was performed with a pylon slalom using a hydraulic brake actuator. It is verified that the ASTC stabilizes the vehicle for transient steering maneuvers.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Production Systems Using Artificial Intelligence - Application to Doorlock Assembly System

As a part of our process engineering (planning) steps and in order to shorten the initial flow control after the implementation of a production system, we have been adopting countermeasures for defects that have been forecasted by the application of FMEA. However, due to this having to be done with limited information (which is dependent upon the skill level of the operator) and due to the fact that the effects of each particular countermeasure are not fully understood, we cannot be certain that the measures implemented during the planning stages are thorough enough. The current situation is that countermeasures for most issues are being handled during the initial flow control stages based on the trial-and-error method. Given this situation, normally, it would take us more than three months from the time of line-off (start of production) to achieve our target rate of capacity utilization.
Technical Paper

Development of Aisin's CAE Systems for Non-Professional Users

We have tried to develop our own integrated CAD/CAE systems, to provide user friendly systems to our staff members who are not familiar with CAE. These systems have been shown to support our R&D in more efficient ways than before. - They improved the quality and reduced the time of experiments and tests. The concept of development and several examples will be reported.