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Technical Paper

Numerical and Experimental Comparison by NVH Finite Element Simulation in “Body in White” of a Vehicle in the Frequency Range until 800Hz

Methodologies of a vehicle assessment through computer simulation comes to enable every day to preview difficulties in developing models, which also contributes to reducing the time to develop a new model. For initial assessment of the vibroacoustic behavior of a vehicle, in the early months of development, the frequency response functions, known as inertance (a/F), are analyzed, at the points of attachment of the engine and suspension to the body still in the Body-in-White configuration. Usually the finite element simulations are performed up to the limit of 300Hz. In the aim at increasing the range of inertance analysis, enabling a more comprehensive analysis in NVH, the results by elements finites simulation were compared, in this work, with the results obtained in experimental measurements focused on the validation of this simulation methodology until the limit of 800Hz.
Technical Paper

ECOCOST: A Software Tool That Makes Life Cycle Assessment Evaluations Available for the Business Decision Makers

The complexity of environmental problem is characterised by the typical difficulty to find an unique quantitative measure for “being green”. Environmental damage cannot easily be compared with parameters such as cost or time that are “hard” metrics. However, techniques like Life Cycle Assessment should make it possible comparing products based on the basis of their environmental profile. In this study a modelled approach that allows to integrate Life Cycle Assessment considerations within multi-criteria analysis methodology is described: this integration is clearly exemplified by a simple software tool called ECOCOST. ECOCOST represents an effort to join different field of evaluation, other than environmental, to the Life Cycle Assessment: then environmental results emerged from LCA can be matched with other kind of evaluation, economical and technical in particular.
Technical Paper

A New Methodology for Improving Accuracy of Structural Analysis of Car Body Parts

The Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is widely used in automotive industry for many applications, such as structural analysis, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), vibration behavior and acoustic properties, crashworthiness and, more recently, manufacturing process simulation. For all these FEA applications, accuracy is always a key issue. The analysis accuracy depends mainly on two factors: on one hand the FEA codes and on the other hand the definition of boundary conditions and material properties. Over the years, most FEA codes are well tested for accuracy through numerous benchmarks: therefore breakthroughs in further accuracy improvement from the aspect of FEA codes are difficult to achieve. On the other aspect, there is some room for FEA improvement by means of more accurate definition of material properties. In this paper, a new methodology for improving analysis accuracy by considering thickness variations of the component is proposed and validated using a structural body part.
Technical Paper

Glass Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites: Effects of Ribs and Different Types of Reinforcement on the Characteristics of the Molded Part

Compression molding of thermoplastic sheets, consolidated or non- consolidated, reinforced with glass fibers (GMT, GRT) is applied as an economic production process in the automotive industry. The aim of this work is to evaluate how the physical and mechanical strength characteristics depend on the presence or absence of ribs and how component performance may be changed by modifying the molding parameters, altering the content and orientation of the reinforcement fibers in the ribbed areas. For this purpose, two statistical designs will be considered, the first carried out on a box type component without ribs, the second on the same component with a set of internal ribs. Two different materials with a PP matrix will be tested, a GMT reinforced with continuous random glass fibers and a 12 mm random glass fibers composite.
Technical Paper

Fuzzy Logic Employed in an Autonomous ICC Vehicle

The AICC is an assisting system for controlling relative speed and distance between two vehicles in the same lane. The AICC system may be considered as an extension of a traditional cruise control, not only keeping a fixed speed of the vehicle, but correcting it also to that of a slower one ahead. The main objective of this paper is to illustrate the design of the intelligent cruise control system involving the automatic control of throttle position and braking systems. There is much evidence nowadays that fuzzy approaches to real problems, where the linear control theory fails or can't provide an available and robust design solution, are often the best alternative to more familiar schemes.
Technical Paper

Integrated CAE Simulation for Car Dashboard Design

The behavior of an automotive dashboard has been evaluated using mathematical FEM models in combination with explicit structural codes in accordance with EEC homologation test 78/632. The test simulates the impact of the human head against the dashboard which can occur during a front crash. The simulation of the impact phenomenon in the basic dashboard configuration was examined as related to a series of design variants elaborated to eliminate critical areas. Variations in the stresses were determined in the component in reference to the basic model. An indispensable premise to achieving these results was the execution of FEM process simulations aimed at obtaining the actual distribution of the mechanical strength properties, which were weighted according to the localized influence of different temperatures and flow stresses during injection.