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Technical Paper

Application of Newly Developed Cellulosic Liquefaction Fuel for Diesel Engine

A new bio-fuel i.e. the cellulosic liquefaction fuel (CLF) was developed for diesel engines. CLF was made from woods by direct liquefaction process. When neat CLF was supplied to diesel engine, the compression ignition did not occur, so that blend of CLF and diesel fuel was used. The engine could be operated when the mixing ratio of CLF was up to 35 wt%. CO, HC and NOx emissions were almost the same as those of diesel fuel when the mixing ratio of CLF was less than 20 wt% whereas the thermal efficiency slightly decreases with increase in CLF mixing ratio.
Technical Paper

Influence of Various Biodiesel Fuels on Diesel Engine Performance

The composition ratio of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) is depended on feedstock. Three FAMEs: soybean (SME), palm (PME) and coconut oil (CME) methyl esters were mixed to make fuels which have different composition ratio. The ignitability of fuel which mainly consisted of unsaturated FAME was inferior. Power was slightly reduced with increasing of mixing ratio of CME; however exhaust gas emissions were improved because CME contained a lot of oxygen atoms. Fuel which was equal mixture SME and CME indicated almost the same ignition characteristic as that of PME because they have same composition ratio.
Technical Paper

Effects of Uniform and Non-uniform Electric Field on Premixed Combustion

The purpose of this study is to elucidate the flame propagation behavior under the electric field application by using the constant volume vessel. The laser induced breakdown applies the ignition and Nd:YAG laser is used. A homogeneous propane-air mixture is used and three equivalence ratios, 0.7, 1.0 and 1.5 are tested. In the uniform electric field, the premixed flame rapidly propagates toward both upward and downward directions and the flame front becomes a cylindrical shape. The maximum combustion pressure decreases with an increase of input voltage because of an increase of heat loss to the electrode, however the combustion duration is hardly affected by the input voltage. In the non-uniform electric field, the flame propagation velocity of downward direction increases. The combustion enhancement effect is remarkably when the input voltage is larger than 12 kV because the brush corona occurs and intense turbulence is generated on the flame front.