Efficient Global Surrogate Modeling Based on Multi-Layer Sampling
Global surrogate modeling aims to build surrogate model with high accuracy in the whole design domain. A major challenge to achieve this objective is how to reduce the number of function evaluations to the original computer simulation model. To date, the most widely used approach for global surrogate modeling is the adaptive surrogate modeling method. It starts with an initial surrogate model, which is then refined adaptively using the mean square error (MSE) or maximizing the minimum distance criteria. It is observed that current methods may not be able to effectively construct a global surrogate model when the underlying black box function is highly nonlinear in only certain regions. A new surrogate modeling method which can allocate more training points in regions with high nonlinearity is needed to overcome this challenge. This article proposes an efficient global surrogate modeling method based on a multi-layer sampling scheme.