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Technical Paper

Low Pressure Cooled EGR Transient Estimation and Measurement for an Turbocharged SI Engine

2016-04-05
2016-01-0618
Low Pressure Cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation (LP EGR) is an attractive technology to reduce fuel consumption for a spark-ignition (SI) engine, particularly at medium-to-high load conditions, due to its knock suppression and combustion cooling effects. However, the long LP EGR transport path presents a significant challenge to the transient control of LP EGR for the engine management system. With a turbocharged engine, this is especially challenging due to the much longer intake induction system path compared with a naturally aspirated engine. Characterizing and modeling the EGR, intake air mixing and transport delay behavior is important for proper control. The model of the intake air path includes the compressor, intercooler and intake plenum. It is important to estimate and track the final EGR concentration at the intake plenum location, as it plays a key role in combustion control. This paper describes the development of a real-time, implementable model for LP EGR estimation.
Technical Paper

Manufacturing Support Design for Low-Cost Instrument Clusters

2013-04-08
2013-01-1232
All automotive ECUs are required to be designed for manufacturability. Sufficient support in the ECU product design needs to be incorporated early in the product life cycle for the product to be successfully and efficiently manufactured, necessitating serial communication capability in the design. However, in low-cost automotive Instrument Clusters the customer requirements for the product typically do not encapsulate serial communication, and the ECU is not required to support repair/rework out of field rejection. This paper delineates the said need, examines the challenges for manufacturability of low-cost Instrument Clusters and proposes a plausible design strategy to help the issue with a use-case instance.
Journal Article

Engine Stop Position Estimation

2012-04-16
2012-01-0720
This paper describes a method to estimate the engine stop position using any production style crank position sensor, while accounting for possible engine rock-back. The approach is based on modeling the engine speed state, achieving robustness and ease of calibration by adapting the rubbing friction model component during the first part of engine coast-down, followed by open-loop modeling when the engine speed has dropped below the sensor signal validity threshold.
Book

Active Safety and Connectivity in the Mobility Industry

2011-10-24
This set includes two books, edited by Delphi's Chief Technology Officer Dr. Andrew Brown, Jr., which explore some of the most significant challenges currently facing the automotive industry-building safer and more connected vehicles. Active Safety and the Mobility Industry and Connectivity and the Mobility Industry each include 20 SAE technical papers on their respective topics, originally published from 2009 through 2011. Active Safety and the Mobility Industry Details the latest innovations and trends in active safety technology and driver distraction prevention techniques. Connectivity and the Mobility Industry Covers such topics as vehicle-to-vehicle communications, telematics, and autonomous driving. It also includes three original articles on automotive connectivity, written by various industry experts. Buy a Combination of Books and Save!
Book

Green Technologies and Connectivity in the Mobility Industry

2011-10-24
This set includes two books, edited by Delphi's Chief Technology Officer Dr. Andrew Brown, Jr., which explore some of the most significant challenges currently facing the automotive industry-building greener and more connected vehicles. Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry and Connectivity and the Mobility Industry each include 20 SAE technical papers on their respective topics, originally published from 2009 through 2011. Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry http://books.sae.org/book-pt-146 Showcases how the mobility industry is developing greener products and staying responsive - if not ahead of - new standards and legal requirements Connectivity and the Mobility Industry http://books.sae.org/book-pt-148 Covers such topics as vehicle-to-vehicle communications, telematics, and autonomous driving. It also includes three original articles on automotive connectivity, written by various industry experts. Buy a Combination of Books and Save!
Book

Connectivity and the Mobility Industry

2011-10-24
Bound to play an ever increasing role in the driver-vehicle relationship, connectivity is becoming a basic consumer requirement when it comes to choosing a vehicle. Moving from the computer into the car, the ability to stay in touch, informed and entertained has reached yet a higher level of technology ubiquity. Featuring 20 SAE technical papers published in 2010 and 2011, Connectivity and the Mobility Industry addresses important aspects of one of the most cutting-edge topics in the industry today. Edited by Dr.
Book

Green, Safe, & Connected: The Future of Mobility

2011-10-24
This three-volume set includes explores the new paradigm "green, safe and connected" in the automotive industry. These books have been compiled for those looking for an integrated view of how the driving experience will develop within these boundaries, and what emerging technologies are likely to be successful in the upcoming years. Edited by Dr. Andrew Brown, Jr., Executive Director & Chief Technologist for Delphi Corporation, all three books include 20 technical papers written on their respective subject between 2009 and 2011. The set includes the following titles: Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry Covers a wide range of subjects showcasing how the industry is developing greener products and keeping up with-if not staying ahead of-new standards and regulations. Active Safety and the Mobility Industry Details the latest innovations and trends in active safety technology and driver distraction prevention techniques.
Book

Green Technologies and Active Safety in the Mobility Industry

2011-09-12
This set includes two books, edited by Delphi's Chief Technology Officer Dr. Andrew Brown, Jr., which explore some of the most significant challenges currently facing the automotive industry-building green and safer vehicles. "Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry" and "Active Safety and the Mobility Industry" each include 20 SAE technical papers on their respective topics, originally published from 2009 through 2011. Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry Covers a wide range of subjects showcasing how the industry is developing greener products and keeping up with-if not staying ahead of-new standards and regulations. Active Safety and the Mobility Industry Details the latest innovations and trends in active safety technology and driver distraction prevention techniques. Buy a Combination of Books and Save!
Technical Paper

High Frequency Ignition System for Gasoline Direct Injection Engines

2011-04-12
2011-01-1223
A high-frequency electrical resonance-based ignition concept is in development to replace conventional spark ignition functionality for gasoline engines employing various types of fuel injection methods. The concept provides the benefit of a continuous discharge phase and the electrical power of the discharge can also be adjusted to the needs of the combustion conditions. This concept employs an alternative method of generating high voltages, using inductors and capacitors trimmed such that the supplied energy steadily increases the output voltage. This configuration is widely known as Tesla transformer and has been engineered to operate in a modern gasoline engine combustion environment. This development allows very high break down voltages to be generated and the power into the spark itself can be influenced.
Book

Active Safety and the Mobility Industry

2011-04-11
Safety is a key element in new vehicle design and active safety, together with driver distraction prevention, has become one of the most talked about issues in the mobility industry. This book features 20 SAE technical papers, originally published in 2009 and 2010, which showcase how the mobility industry is considering all aspects of safety in designing and producing safer vehicles. These papers were selected by SAE International's 2010 President Dr. Andrew Brown Jr., Executive Director and Chief Technologist for Delphi Corporation. The contents of this book explore a variety of safety issues in the areas of market and consumer preferences; driver assistance and modeling; active safety system, crash sensing and sensor fusion; communications; and road safety. The publication also includes a number of articles authored by renowned experts in the field of active safety.
Technical Paper

Estimation of Vehicle Roll Angle and Side Slip for Crash Sensing

2010-04-12
2010-01-0529
Estimation of vehicle roll angle, lateral velocity and side slip angle for the purpose of crash sensing is considered. Only roll rate sensor and the sensors readily available in vehicles equipped with ESC (Electronic Stability Control) systems are used in the estimation process. The algorithms are based on kinematic relationships, thus avoiding dependence on vehicle and tire models, which minimizes tuning efforts and sensitivity to parameter variations. The estimate of roll angle is obtained by blending two preliminary estimates, each valid in different conditions, in such a manner that the final estimate continuously favors the more accurate one. The roll angle estimate is used to compensate the gravity component in measured lateral acceleration due to vehicle roll or road bank angle. This facilitates estimation of lateral velocity and side slip angle from fundamental kinematic relationships involving the gravity-compensated lateral acceleration, yaw rate and longitudinal velocity.
Technical Paper

Thermal Modeling for Heated Tip Injectors

2010-04-12
2010-01-1264
Brazilian ethanol vehicles are typically equipped with an auxiliary gasoline sub-tank fuel system which aids cold starting and drivability for low ambient temperatures. Port fuel injectors capable of rapidly heating ethanol have been developed to eliminate this auxiliary system. These injectors also enable reductions in emissions. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used in conjunction with Taguchi Robust Engineering methods to optimize the heat exchanging geometry of these heated injectors. Simulation results are confirmed with experimental hardware and engine cold start testing. Modeling results, experimental hardware, and engine cold start performance is presented and discussed.
Technical Paper

Non-contact Pressure Switch Package Optimization for Improved Reliability of Diagnostics in Automatic Transmissions

2010-04-12
2010-01-0187
Modern automatic transmissions use various methods to estimate fluid line pressures in order to improve shift quality and reduce energy losses. These estimations lead to improvements in fuel economy, customer satisfaction and reduced exhaust emissions. The further addition of pressure feedback switches improves operational knowledge by verifying when clutches have received their commanded pressures. Product reliability above the industry standard for transmission pressure switches was developed through the use of multiple FEA platforms combined with advanced design optimization software, robust optimization and Shainin® tools. In this optimized design, ferromagnetic non-contact pressure switches operate by translating fluid pressure into piston motion, isolated by a sealed proprietary diaphragm.
Technical Paper

Replacing Volumetric Efficiency Calibration Look-up Tables with Artificial Neural Network-based Algorithm for Variable Valve Actuation

2010-04-12
2010-01-0158
Signal processing incorporating Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) has been shown to be well suited for modeling engine-related performance indicators [ 1 , 2 , 3 ] that require multi-dimensional parametric calibration space. However, to obtain acceptable accuracy, traditional ANN implementation may require processing resources beyond the capability of current engine controllers. This paper explores the practicality of implementing an ANN-based algorithm performing real-time calculations of the volumetric efficiency (VE) for an engine with variable valve actuation (phasing and lift variation). This alternative approach was considered attractive since the additional degree of freedom introduced by variable lift would be cumbersome to add to the traditional multi-dimensional table-based representation of VE.
Technical Paper

Phase Diagrams of Different Modes of Misfire Calculated from the Digital Fourier Transformation of Angular Crankshaft Velocity

2010-04-12
2010-01-0167
Certain harmonics of angular crankshaft velocity are indicative of engine imbalance induced by cylinder misfire. Application of the Digital Fourier Transformation (DFT) facilitates the production-feasible calculation of a singular index in the frequency domain indicative either of smooth engine operation or misfire. The phase of that particular index with proper interpretation directly points to a misfiring cylinder. The identification of a misfiring pair, either opposing or a non-opposing in the cylinder bank, requires a bit more sophisticated approach since the phase response of the characteristic index in the frequency domain becomes more complex. The method demonstrated here was successfully applied in real time in four-, six-, and eight-cylinder engines, both SI and Diesel, for the On-Board Diagnostic application with reliability exceeding relevant regulatory requirements.
Technical Paper

In-Vehicle Networking Technology for 2010 and Beyond

2010-04-12
2010-01-0687
This paper is an overview of the current state (calendar year 2010) of in-vehicle multiplexing and what pertinent technologies are emerging. Usage and trends of in-vehicle networking protocols will be presented and categorized. The past few years have seen a large growth in the number and type of communication buses used in automobiles, trucks, construction equipment, and military, among others. Development continues even into boating and recreation vehicles. Areas for discussion will include SAE Class A, B, C, Diagnostics, SafetyBus, Mobile Media, Wireless, and X-by-Wire. All existing mainstream vehicular multiplex protocols (approximately 40) are categorized using the SAE convention as well as categories previously proposed by this author. Top contenders will be pointed out along with a discussion of the protocol in the best position to become the industry standard in each category.
Technical Paper

Risk Reducing Product and Process Design During New Product Development

2010-04-12
2010-01-0391
In today's dynamic automotive environment, reducing the lead-time to introduce new product technologies to the market place can be a key competitive advantage. Employing proactive risk reduction techniques to define key product and process relationships is essential to enhance the production worthiness of a design while it is still in the advanced development phase of the program. This paper describes how Delphi Powertrain Systems applied the Shainin proactive risk reduction methodology in advanced product development to focus resources on understanding and mitigating the risk associated with the development of a new Delphi ammonia sensor. Organizational and technical strategies to accelerate profound knowledge capture, along with corresponding test results, are presented and discussed.
Technical Paper

Improved Electrical Harness Performance for Commercial and Off-Road Vehicles

2007-10-30
2007-01-4158
This paper is intended to identify typical problems encountered with commercial and off-road vehicle electrical wiring harnesses, and to offer methods to reduce those problems. It identifies the key steps in the design, manufacturing, and vehicle installation phases that ultimately impact wiring performance. Finally, for these various wiring key steps, best practice engineering recommendations are provided.
Technical Paper

Effects of Injection Timings and Intake Port Flow Control on the In-Cylinder Wetted Fuel Footprints during PFI Engine Startup Process

2005-05-11
2005-01-2082
Wall-wetting due to liquid fuel film motion and fuel droplet impingement on combustion chamber walls is a major source of unburned hydrocarbons (UBHC), and is a concern for oil dilution in PFI engines. An experimental study was carried out to investigate the effects of injection timing, a charge motion control device, and the matching of injector with port geometry, on the “footprints” of liquid fuel inside the combustion chamber during the PFI engine starting process. Using a gasoline-soluble dye and filter paper deployed on the cylinder liner and piston top land surfaces to capture the liquid fuel footprints, the effects of the mixture formation processes on the wetted footprints can be qualitatively and quantitatively examined by comparing the wetted footprint locations and their color intensities. Real-time filming of the development of wetted footprints using a high-speed camera can also show the time history of the fuel wetting process inside an optically accessible engine.
Book

Occupant and Vehicle Responses in Rollovers

2004-03-08
During the past decade, there has been a steady increase in studies addressing rollover crashes and injuries. Though rollovers are not the most frequent crash type, they are significant with respect to serious injury and interest in rollovers has grown with the introduction of SUVs, vans, and light trucks. A review of Occupant and Vehicle Responses in Rollovers examines relevant conditions for field roll overs, vehicle responses, and occupant kinetics in the vehicle. This book edited by Dr. David C. Viano and Dr. Chantal S. Parenteau includes 62 technical documents covering 15 years of rollover crash safety, including field crash statistics, pre- and rollover dynamics, test procedures and dummy responses.
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