Results of Breadboard Tests Withan Integrated CO2, Humidity and Thermal Control System
Membrane gas absorption and desorption (MGA/MGD) for the removal of CO2 in manned spacecraft or other enclosed environment is subject of study by Stork and TNO for many years. The system is based on the combination of membrane separation and gas absorption. Advantage of this technology is that the system not only can be used to remove the carbon dioxide but also to control the relative humidity and temperature. Absorption of moisture and heat is achieved by cooling the absorption liquid below the dewpoint temperature of the gas stream. From the start in 1995, the Crew Transfer Vehicle is used as a basis for the design (1,2). Compared to the planned air conditioning system, consisting of a condensing heat exchanger, LiOH cartridges and a water evaporator assembly, MGA/MGD shows advantage in volume, mass and power consumption. The absorption liquid circulates through the spacecraft thermal control loop, replacing the coolant water.