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Journal Article

Pre-Turbo Aftertreatment Position for Large Bore Diesel Engines - Compact & Cost-Effective Aftertreatment with a Fuel Consumption Advantage

Tier 4 emissions legislation is emerging as a clear pre-cursor for widespread adoption of exhaust aftertreatment in off-highway applications. Large bore engine manufacturers are faced with the significant challenge of packaging a multitude of catalyst technologies in essentially the same design envelope as their pre-Tier 4 manifestations, while contending with the fuel consumption consequences of the increased back pressure, as well as the incremental cost and weight associated with the aftertreatment equipment. This paper discusses the use of robust metallic catalysts upstream of the exhaust gas turbine, as an effective means to reduce catalyst volume and hence the weight and cost of the entire aftertreatment package. The primarily steady-state operation of many large bore engine applications reduces the complication of overcoming pre-turbine catalyst thermal inertia under transient operation.
Technical Paper

Structured Foil Catalysts: A Road Map to Highly Effective, Compact Systems Aftertreatment

While emission standards are becoming more stringent with every new legislation level, the engineering of compact aftertreatment system is becoming extremely challenging. This paper outlines a road map for cost-effective, compact aftertreatment systems through use of catalysts with standard and structured foil substrates. The longitudinal-structure (LS) foil disrupts laminar flow regimes within channels enhancing mass transfer and gas reconditioning. The presented results were applied to DOC catalyst functionality including parameters such as cross-section, substrate type and substrate volume. The catalysts were degreend and tested on a production 15ltr ISX Cummins engine calibrated for US 1998 emissions. Various load points were selected to determine catalyst performance as a function of exhaust gas temperature, exhaust flow rate (space velocity) and exhaust gas composition. A HC injector system was used to characterize oxidation performance at various concentration levels.