EXV to Optimize PHEV/BEV automotive air conditioning system performance and simulation methodology
Due to increasing standards in fuel consumption, battery electric vehicles (BEV) and plug in electric hybrid vehicles (PHEV), are becoming more commonplace in the automotive industry. Batteries used in such applications require methods of thermal management to promote longer life, higher efficiency and performance. A common method of keeping the battery cool, in high heat conditions, is to use a water to refrigerant chiller. The already existing automotive air conditioning system is leveraged to enable the use of such a chiller. The added thermal transient load of the battery adds complexity to the refrigeration system. Balancing the thermal comfort of the occupants with temperature requirements of battery drives challenges to the overall system capacity. The sudden change in battery cooling loads can noticeably degrade the evaporator heat rejection. In extreme cases the battery cooling load can cause complete loss of refrigerant flow to the evaporator.