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Technical Paper

Simulation of Vehicle Exterior Sound Fields by High Frequency Boundary Element Method

With Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) proven to be a powerful tool for airborne noise analysis, the capability of predicting the exterior sound field around a vehicle at high frequencies (the load case in the SEA analysis) is of particular interest to OEMs and suppliers. This paper employs the High Frequency Boundary Element Method (HFBEM) to simulate the scattered exterior sound field distribution due to a monopole source. It is shown that the proposed method is able to efficiently predict the spatial and frequency averaged sound pressure levels reasonably well up to 10 kHz, even at points in the near field of the vehicle body.
Technical Paper

Power-Based Noise Reduction Concept and Measurement Techniques

This paper presents a Power-Based Noise Reduction (PBNR) concept and uses PBNR to set vehicle acoustic specifications for sound package design. This paper starts with the PBNR definition and describes the correct measurement techniques. This paper also derives the asymptotic relationships among PBNR, conventional noise reduction (NR), and sound transmission loss, for a simple case consisting of the source, path, and receiver subsystems. The advantages of using PBNR over conventional Noise Reduction (NR) are finally demonstrated in vehicle measurement examples.
Technical Paper

Energy Flow Method for Mid-Frequency Vibration Analysis

The Energy Flow Method (EFM), which is based on a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) model and its modal frequency response solution is presented in this paper. The energy and power for each subsystem are the primary response and excitation parameters as in the Statistical Energy analysis (SEA) method. This gives a broad-brush prediction by averaging over both frequency and spatial domain. This prediction is useful when uncertainties exist in the model. The FEA model is used to capture the geometry detail, which is critical in mid-frequency vibration. As an example, a five-plate system is studied using various methods, including traditional FEA, SEA and EFM. The last one has been implemented in MSC/NASTRAN. A discussion is given to understand the limitation of SEA and FEA application in mid frequency response.