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Technical Paper

Simulation and Test Results for Several Variable-Valve-Actuation Mechanisms

We start our study with a survey of existing variable valve actuation (VVA) devices. We then describe our work, taken place over a time period from 2001 to 2007, on several VVA concepts. All of our projects described include pre-design modeling and simulation. Also, for each one of the proposed designs, a bench-top motorized test fixture was built and ran for proof of concept. Our projects represent a mixture of exploratory research and production-related development work. They can be classified in four broad categories: discrete-step systems; mechanical continuously-variable systems; active stationary-hydraulic lash adjusters; cam-driven hydraulic-lost-motion mechanism. These devices differ in their complexity and versatility but offer a spectrum of design solutions applicable to a range of products. Specific attributes of these different approaches are analyzed and discussed, and some test results are presented.
Technical Paper

Comparison of Efficiency Measurements and Simulation Results for Automotive Traction Drives

Mechanical Efficiency of toroidal traction drives is the key parameter for transmission engineers worldwide to accept their use in continuously variable transmissions. In this work, the traction drive efficiencies are investigated analytically as well as experimentally as a function of speed, torque, speed ratio and temperature for two different CVU's. In addition, creep at the traction contact is measured and compared with the prediction of the simulation model. In a stand-alone test rig, the drag torque associated with the power-roller thrust bearing is also measured.