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Technical Paper

Influence of Spot Welding Parameters on Al-Si Coated 22MnB5 for Automotive Application

2017-11-07
2017-36-0225
The application of press hardening steels (PHS) Al-Si coating has been increasing in body in white vehicles as an approach to meet the demands of safety and CO2 reduction regulations. The vehicle structures with PHS largely depend on the integrity and the mechanical performance of the spots weld. During the spot welding process, intermetallic phase may appear in function of the chemical composition of the steel and coating. One of these intermetallics is the Fe-Al phase which brittleness decreases the strength of the weld joint. In this study, resistance spot welding (RSW) experiments were performed in order to evaluate the influence of the welding parameters of single-lap joints PHS - 22MnB5 steel grade.
Technical Paper

Technical Assessment of an Automotive System through the Methodology of Engineering Value / Analysis Value

2016-10-25
2016-36-0327
In the current automotive industry, in an increasingly challenging environment due to strong competition, to develop a product that performs its functions objectively, with quality and mainly with the lowest possible cost, these are the keys to conquer competitive advantage. This paper is intended to explore cost reduction of an automotive system by using the techniques of the methodology EV / AV (Engineering Value / Analysis Value). The analysis are framed as exploratory, in the form of study, with ratings of the components and their functions, followed by the generation of ideas with the completion of an indication of a great potential for a product development with optimized cost.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Interior Noise Reduction Using Innovative Roof Trim Structure

2014-11-04
2014-36-0767
It is known acoustic comfort is a key feature to meet customer expectations for many products. In the current automotive industry, vehicle interior quietness is seen as one of the most important product attributes regarding perceived quality. A quiet interior can be achieved through an appropriate balance of noise sources levels and acoustic materials. However, the choice of the most efficient acoustic content may be challenging under severe cost and mass restraints commonly found in emerging market vehicles. Therefore, it is fundamental to develop efficient materials which will provide high acoustic performance with lower weight and cost. In this paper the fine tuning of the headliner structure is presented as an efficient way to increase acoustic performance. Structures currently employed for this vehicle subsystem are described. Airflow resistance and sound absorption measurements are used to guide development and make precise manufacturing process changes.
Technical Paper

Blanks Physical Parameters Optimization for Automotive Panels Deep Drawing

2013-10-07
2013-36-0204
This work conducted an optimization in sheet metal blank's sizes for cold pressing automotive parts, comparing dimensional characteristics of automotive hood outer panels deep drawn with commonly used blank sizes for this process. As a result, it was possible to suggest modifications to smaller blank sizes, accordingly to the improvement accomplished in this work. The experimental study was conducted from observations in part's superficial aspects after its deep drawing process, which was realized in a commonly used tooling for automotive industry, with a blank's width reduction for the suggested case. The results showed a cost reduction opportunity based in this optimization.
Technical Paper

Automotive Skin Panels Quality Improvement by Means of Finite Element Method

2013-10-07
2013-36-0194
In the middle of the global competition, inside the automotive sector, the perceived quality of costumers, related to the beauty and harmony of the outer skin surfaces of motor vehicles, has become one of the main determinant factors in the purchase process decision. In general, the initial perceived quality of a car is determined by an appealing design of its body, the color and gloss of its paint, and also the manufacturing and assembly accuracy of the skin panels. The appealing design makes the skin panel even more complex and hard to produce with current metal forming technologies and the results are often small distortions on the outer surfaces about tens of microns and most of the times paint does not cover such imperfections. Despite the technological advances along the years, surface quality inspection was still being performed by manual and subjective evaluation by experts.
Technical Paper

Springback: How to Improve its Early Prediction Instead of Late Stamping Dies Rework

2012-10-02
2012-36-0373
The globalization, rivalry and the technologies have changed the auto industry in a battlefield, where companies are fighting for quality, reliability, the reduction of development cycle and also cost. The manufacturing process of car body is the major responsible for time consumption, labor and investment. One of the bottleneck solutions is to use computational simulations during design phase in order to minimize the reworks. The car body is composed by several stamped parts, and its design requires a series of parallel activities, and one of the fundamental information is the accurate magnitude of spring back distortions, but due to the complexity of the phenomenon, the results are not so accurate as desired. The explored literatures are recommending numeric methods to simulate material's behavior and also the spring back phenomenon.
Technical Paper

ISO Headform Pedestrian Protection test results comparison at critical bonnet regions

2010-10-06
2010-36-0236
Test Protocols for pedestrian head protection in a car pedestrian accident have been discussed for several Technical Communities in order to identify ideal boundary test conditions to evaluate injury limits. With the purpose to harmonize with final Global Technical Regulation 9 for Pedestrian Protection published by ECE in January 2009, European New Car Assessment Program (ENCAP) has changed their Child and Adult headform weight and geometry boundary test conditions. However 5 Kph remains as difference between both protocols. This work presents a comparative head impact test analysis for both headform at ENCAP and GTR#9 boundary test conditions when performed at critical bonnet regions.
Technical Paper

Computational method to assess the SUV drivers' dynamics due to rollover crashes

2010-10-06
2010-36-0223
Even though the rollover is not the most frequent type of accident, it is of the greatest significance with respect to injury and trauma caused to the vehicle occupants. The need to reduce death incidence and serious injuries has increased the importance of computational simulations and prototype testing. This study presents finite element model to simulate rollover events and to predict possible injuries caused in the head, neck, thorax and cervical spine. Numerical models of a sport utility vehicle (SUV) are simulated including anthropomorphic dummy to represent the driver. The injury risks and traumas are verified to the driver considering belted and unbelted dummies. The computational methodology developed proved to be efficient for the evaluation of the vehicle's roof structure in rollover events.
Technical Paper

The perceived impact of supply chain management on organizational effectiveness and quality

2010-10-06
2010-36-0173
Few products or services exist that do not require some supply chain management. The more suppliers that are involved the more complex the supply chain management becomes. Even if the entire supply chain from basic raw materials that come from the earth or out of the minds and actions of people, is not considered there is still a supply chain that must be attended and in today's global economy competition is growing every day, and automotive products (vehicles and components) are often developed in one country though it's made based on global architectures, used and applied in other markets, and to find success in this competitive reality, automakers and/or global business migrated from local suppliers to global sourcing and in today's world of global outsourcing, supply chain management plays an ever important, strategic and expanding role in delivering results once automakers are aiming to launch low cost vehicles and recognized as world best-in-class products.
Technical Paper

Criteria for Selection of Vehicle Electrical Architectures for Emerging Markets

2010-10-06
2010-36-0069
The purpose of this study is to establish the criteria of election of an electrical architecture tailor-made for the emerging markets, to be applied during the whole vehicle's lifecycle. A literature review about related subjects as the meaning of "electrical architecture," its techniques, criteria and methodologies of development, and the definitions of emerging and developed markets is also presented. Based on the bibliographical research, documentary analysis and unstructured interviews with active members of the automotive industry, the criteria for election of electrical architectures for emerging markets was established, as well as their describers and swing-weights, required by the use of the additive aggregation method - a multi-criteria decision taking method. The criteria were applied in two case studies of automotive industry: the developments of a low-cost hatch vehicle and a mid-size luxury sedan vehicle, both designed for emerging markets.
Technical Paper

Control of Airborne Road Noise Using Sealers

2010-10-06
2010-36-0458
Noise generated during tire/road interaction has significant impact on the acoustic comfort of a vehicle. One of the most common approaches to attenuate road noise levels consists on the addition of mass treatments to the vehicle panels. However, the acoustic performance of sealing elements is also relevant and has an important contribution to the noise transmission into the vehicle interior. In this paper the correct balance between the mass added to treat vehicle panels and sealing content is investigated. The procedure to quantify the critical road noise transmission paths consists of recording interior noise levels as applied treatment is removed from potential weak areas, such as wheelhouses, floor, doors and body pillars. It is observed that the noise propagation through body pillars has a direct influence on road noise levels.
Technical Paper

Computational Methodologies for Vehicles Roof Strength Assessment to Prevent Occupants Injury in Rollover Crashes

2009-10-06
2009-36-0267
Among all types of vehicle crashes, rollover is the most complex and yet least understood. During the last decades, a constant increase in the studies involving rollover crashes and injuries associated with it can be observed. Although the rollover is not the most frequent type of accident, it is of the greatest significance with respect to injury and trauma caused to the vehicle occupants. The existing standards and procedures to test rollover crashworthiness are still not suitable to computer simulation because of the huge computational effort required, and the need of faithful/overly complex representation of the aspects involved in real crashes. The objective of the present work is the development of computational models particularly adapted to simulate different standards and procedures used to evaluate the vehicles' roof strength. The models are compared with other approaches, and their advantages/disadvantages are discussed.
Technical Paper

How to use Weibull as tool for a decision making on field issues

2008-10-07
2008-36-0192
Reliability, maintainability/serviceability and security are three qualities of product excellence desired by customers and users of products, however customer expectation for product reliability are continually increasing for almost all product and despite of most of the companies has worked on the philosophy of continuous improvement to meet or exceed the customer's expectations, its difficult to avoid failures or its difficult to ensure zero defect. Once it happens, it generate a customer complaint which is registered by companies. The way that companies used to register the complaints is through their warranty system and also a special database. Most of the companies maintain warranty databases for purposes of financial reporting and warranty expense forecasting. In some cases, there are attempts to extract engineering information from such databases. Another application is to use warranty data to detect potentially serious field reliability problems as early as possible.
Technical Paper

A case-study about side door closing effort

2008-10-07
2008-36-0154
Door Closing Effort is one of the first impressions a potential customer has about a vehicle. The energy someone needs to give out to push and lock a side door vehicle is easily felt and can enhance the impression of a robust and high quality design vehicle. In other words, Door Closing Effort is one of the issues manufacturers shall look over in order to achieve perfect levels of Human Vehicle Integration (HVI). The aim of this paper is to present a case study of Side Door Closing Effort of a specific Hummer vehicle. It will be shown how door closing effort varies according to several parameters, and how to improve the design and/or production process in view of achieving better effort levels, considering the Hummer case as a background. Several variables that influence on the overall energy of this process have been evaluated, and the physical differences were weighted to demonstrate what really counts for reaching a comfortable level of Door Closing Effort.
Technical Paper

A Case Study About Side Door Closing Sound Quality

2008-03-30
2008-36-0590
Side Door Closing Sound Quality is one of the first impressions a potential customer has about a vehicle. It can enhance an impression of robust and high quality vehicle. This paper is a study of Side Door Closing Sound of a specific vehicle model. The main objective is to understand how Door Closing Sound Quality varies over several vehicles samples and how to improve the design and/or production process in order to achieve better Sound Quality. Two vehicles (same model) with distinct performance have been chosen among several samples. Both have been evaluated and the physical differences are weighted to realize what really matter for Door Closing Sound Quality.
Technical Paper

How to Achieve Faster, Cheaper and High Quality Parts by RTV Silicone Rubber Process

2005-11-22
2005-01-4095
In the automotive industries, time and parts production costs are fundamental, mainly in prototyping production. The RTV (Room Temperature Vulcanized) process is an important alternative production to flexible silicone molds when you need to inject polyurethane parts. The objective is time reduction in tooling production and parts. RTV requires notable initial investments in equipments. Many times, this cost does not fit in the automotive third part company's budget. This work shows how is possible to obtain parts by RTV process with excellent quality, without high investments in equipments and without quality loss in produced parts. Lead times and tooling and parts costs are analyzed. Due to equipments low costs, this alternative is accessible not only to automotive industries but also to small and medium suppliers.
Technical Paper

Strategies and Proposals to Minimize Squeaks and Rattles - Strong Customers Enthusiasm Improvement Program

2002-11-19
2002-01-3561
According to several customer perception survey, Squeak and Rattle (S&R) is among the top most annoying defects. Consequently, GMB engineering design, development and validation process must be continuously improved and consistently applied to all platforms to guarantee that all products are free from squeaks and rattles. This paper introduces those concepts and discusses some strategies to eliminate or minimize S&R. Concepts and tests results are commented. Finally, the challenge in detection and analysis of S&R is discussed. Objective and subjective evaluation methodologies are being developed and suppliers training and integration have been improved
Technical Paper

OVERVIEW OF AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENT FAILURES

2000-12-01
2000-01-3231
The present work gives an overview of the current situation of failures that may occur in automotive components, showing their distribution in the vehicle and the causes that make them occur, trying to emphasize the different materials which are used in the manufacturing of these components. This work is a technical approach strictly supported by an engineering concept which aims to discuss the different factors which contribute to cause premature failures of automotive components, prior to their utilization in the field or when they are exposed to the most variable conditions of use. One of the most important objectives of this study is to call the attention of design engineers, research engineers and manufacturing people to the importance of the components integrity which shall be taken into primary consideration in the design phase as well as in the specification of the material and process of manufacturing.
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