A Heat Transfer Model for Low Temperature Combustion Engines
Low Temperature Combustion is a technology that enables achieving both a higher efficiency and simultaneously lower emissions of NOx and particulate matter. It is a noun for combustion regimes that operate with a lean air-fuel mixture and where the combustion occurs at a low temperature, such as Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition and Partially Premixed Combustion. In this work a new model is proposed to predict the instantaneous heat flux in engines with Low Temperature Combustion. In-cylinder heat flux measurements were used to construct this model. The new model addresses two shortcomings of the existing heat transfer models already present during motored operation: the phasing of the instantaneous heat flux and the overprediction of the heat flux during the expansion phase. This was achieved by implementing the in-cylinder turbulence in the heat transfer model. The heat transfer during the combustion was taken into account by using the turbulence generated in the burned zone.