New Suspension Design for Heavy Duty Trucks: Design Considerations
The present paper presents design considerations for a new tandem suspension system equipped with hydro-pneumatic components. The theory of the new suspension and its configuration were presented in a previously published SAE paper, . In this design, most of the vertical motions were transformed into horizontal motions through two bell cranks. A hydraulic actuator is installed horizontally between the bell cranks and connected to an accumulator (gas spring) via a flow constriction (damper). Incorporating of hydro-pneumatic components in the new suspension system exhibits simple and applicable design. Moreover, further developments including active or semi-active vibration control systems, can be applied directly using the existing hydro-pneumatic components. Mathematical models are constructed to simulate the vehicle ride dynamics. Equations of motion are generated considering a conventional passive suspension (four springs tandem suspension) and the new designed suspension system.