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Technical Paper

Vibration Control of an Active Seat Suspension System Integrated Pregnant Woman Body Model

2019-04-02
2019-01-0172
Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is effective, popular and cost effective for a lot of scientific and engineering applications. In this paper, PID and fuzzy-self-tuning PID (FSTPID) controllers are applied to improve the performance of an active seat suspension system to enhance the pregnant woman comfort. The equations of motion of thirteen-degrees-of-freedom (13-DOF) active seat suspension system incorporating pregnant woman body model are derived and simulated. PID gains are tuned and estimated using genetic algorithm (GA) to formulate GA PID controller. In FSTPID, fuzzy logic technique is used to tune PID controller gains by selecting appropriate fuzzy rules using Matlab/Simulink software. Both controlled active seat suspension systems are compared with a passive seat suspension. Suspension performance is evaluated under bump and random road excitations in order to verify the success of the proposed controllers.
Technical Paper

Automatic Recognition of Truck Chassis Welding Defects Using Texture Features and Artificial Neural Networks

2019-04-02
2019-01-1119
Welding is an excellent attachment or repair method. The advanced industries such as oil, automotive industries, and other important industries need to rely on reliable welding operations; collapse because of this welding may lead to an excessive cost in money and risk in human life. In the present research, an automatic system has been described to detect, recognize and classify welding defects in radiographic images. Such system uses a texture feature and neural network techniques. Image processing techniques were implemented to help in the image array of weld images and the detection of weld defects. Therefore, a proposed program was build in-house to automatically classify and recognize eleven types of welding defects met in practice.
Technical Paper

Application of a Preview Control with an MR Damper Model Using Genetic Algorithm in Semi-Active Automobile Suspension

2019-02-05
2019-01-5006
A non-linear mathematical model of a semi-active (2DOF) vehicle suspension using a magnetorheological (MR) damper with information concerning the road profile ahead of the vehicle is proposed in this paper. The semi-active vibration control system using an MR damper consists of two nested controllers: a system controller and a damper controller. The fuzzy logic technique is used to design the system controller based on both the dynamic responses of the suspension and the Padé approximation algorithm method of a preview control to evaluate the desired damping force. In addition, look-ahead preview of the excitations resulting from road irregularities is used to quickly mitigate the effect of the control system time delay on the damper response.
Technical Paper

Vibration Control of Active Vehicle Suspension System Using Optimized Fuzzy-PID

2018-04-03
2018-01-1402
In this paper, a fuzzy-PID controller is applied in a half vehicle active suspension system to enhance vibration levels of vehicle chassis and passenger seat. The fuzzy-PID controller consists of fuzzy and PID connecting in a series manner, the fuzzy output is considered as the PID input. Genetic Algorithm (GA) is selected to tune controller parameters to obtain optimal values that minimize the objective function. The equations of motion of five-degrees-of-freedom active half-vehicle suspension system are derived and simulated using Matlab/Simulink software. Double bumps and random road excitations are used to study the performance of suspension systems including bounce and pitch motion. The performance of the active suspension system using optimized fuzzy-PID controller is compared with conventional passive to show the efficiency of the proposed active suspension system.
Journal Article

Value of Optimal Wavelet Function in Gear Fault Diagnosis

2017-06-05
2017-01-1771
Gear fault diagnosis is important in the vibration monitoring of any rotating machine. When a localized fault occurs in gears, the vibration signals always display non-stationary behavior. In early stage of gear failure, the gear mesh frequency (GMF) contains very little energy and is often overwhelmed by noise and higher-level macro-structural vibrations. An effective signal processing method would be necessary to remove such corrupting noise and interference. This paper presents the value of optimal wavelet function for early detection of faulty gear. The Envelope Detection (ED) and the Energy Operator are used for gear fault diagnosis as common techniques with and without the proposed optimal wavelet to verify the effectiveness of the optimal wavelet function. Kurtosis values are determined for the previous techniques as an indicator parameter for the ability of early gear fault detection. The comparative study is applied to real vibration signals.
Technical Paper

On The Integration of Actively Controlled Longitudinal/Lateral Dynamics Chassis Systems

2014-04-01
2014-01-0864
Integral Control strategy for vehicle chassis systems had been of great interest for vehicle designers in the last decade. This paper represents the interaction of longitudinal control and lateral control. In other words the traction control system and handling control system. Definitely, tire properties are playing a vital role in such interaction as it is responsible for the generated forces in both directions. A seven degrees of freedom half vehicle model is derived and used to investigate this interaction. The vehicle body is represented as a rigid body with three degrees of freedom, lateral and longitudinal, and yaw motions. The other four degrees are the two rotation motion of the front wheel and the rear wheel. This two motions for each wheel are spin motion and the steering motion. The traction controller is designed to modulate engine torque through adjusting the throttle angle of the engine upon utilized adhesion condition at the driving road wheels.
Technical Paper

A New Empirical Formula for Calculating Vehicles' Frontal Area

2011-04-12
2011-01-0763
The main objective of this research is to find a general empirical formula to predict vehicle frontal area applied to most types of vehicles. This was done on 21 vehicles; passenger cars, buses and trucks by calculating their frontal area by using image processing technique on cars photos extracted from catalogues. The software (Data Fit) is used to establish the required empirical formula. The results showed that the empirical formula is simple and accurate enough for finding out the vehicles frontal areas.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Alternator Electromagnetic Noise Characteristics Determination

2009-05-19
2009-01-2188
In the design of recreational vehicle alternators, a particular challenge arises from marketing and engineering teams' desire to ensure that their products meet “best in class” sound quality characteristics. Furthermore, it is desirable to know these characteristics in measurable engineering terms in the product design stage, preferably before prototypes are built and tested. However, the aim of this paper is to investigate experimentally the electromagnetic sound quality characteristics of a vehicle alternator with the view of determination. For this reason, a special test rig was designed to simulate the alternator electromagnetic noise source. The results indicate that significant information can be obtained for this source. This can be an effective way to control this generated noise and consequently improve the vehicle alternator sound quality and look promising.
Technical Paper

Integrated Control, Regulated DC Supply with High Power Quality for Automotive Applications

2008-10-07
2008-01-2710
The DC power supply is ingredient part in the automotive industries as it has been used as a DC power supplies for a wide range of loads. Meanwhile, it is mandatory for battery charging. These types however, causes many problems such as poor power factor, high input current harmonics distortion and uncontrolled DC voltage. In this paper, an improved input power factor correction that uses a combined control system consists of two nested loops with a feedback of the DC voltage and input current as long as a feed forward from the output power. The system has been analyzed, modeled, simulated and experimentally verified. The novel feature of the proposed control scheme resides in fact that it is not only achieve nearly unity power factor with minimum input current total harmonics distortion only but it also introduce superior performance in DC voltage transient conditions.
Technical Paper

Prediction of Bearing Capacity of the Soil using Artificial Neural Networks

2007-08-05
2007-01-3731
The bearing capacity of soils stands as one of the most important parameters that determine the vehicles’ off-road mobility. Soil bearing capacity can be determined either experimentally or by calculation using analytical and or empirical formulas. One of the most famous formulas is the Bekker's. Recently, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) technique became a powerful tool that can be used for predicting systems’ behavior and performance. The main objective of this paper is to predict the bearing capacity of the soil (plate-sinkage relationships) by using Artificial Neural Networks and to compare the actual results of soil bearing capacity (collected data from Ph.D. Thesis) with results obtained from neural network model and Bekker's formula. The comparison showed clear superiority and accuracy of neural network technique. Another objective is to check the generalization ability of the neural network model in predicting the plate-sinkage relationships by using the hypothetical plate.
Technical Paper

New Suspension Design for Heavy Duty Trucks: Design Considerations

2003-11-10
2003-01-3428
The present paper presents design considerations for a new tandem suspension system equipped with hydro-pneumatic components. The theory of the new suspension and its configuration were presented in a previously published SAE paper, [1]. In this design, most of the vertical motions were transformed into horizontal motions through two bell cranks. A hydraulic actuator is installed horizontally between the bell cranks and connected to an accumulator (gas spring) via a flow constriction (damper). Incorporating of hydro-pneumatic components in the new suspension system exhibits simple and applicable design. Moreover, further developments including active or semi-active vibration control systems, can be applied directly using the existing hydro-pneumatic components. Mathematical models are constructed to simulate the vehicle ride dynamics. Equations of motion are generated considering a conventional passive suspension (four springs tandem suspension) and the new designed suspension system.
Technical Paper

A Novel Hybrid Roll Control Strategy for Partially Loaded Tanker Trucks

2003-11-10
2003-01-3386
In this paper, a hybrid roll control system, including passive and active roll control units, is designed to improve the roll dynamics of tanker vehicles and to reduce the lateral shifts of the liquid cargo due to lateral accelerations. The passive control system consists of radial partitions installed inside the vehicle container. These partitions rotate in phase with the liquid cargo as one unit about the longitudinal axis of the container in response to the induced momentum forces due to the lateral acceleration excitation. Torsion dampers are fixed between the partitions and the container's front and rear walls to reduce the oscillating motion of the liquid cargo. While the passive partition dampers control the dynamics of the liquid cargo inside the container, the dampers of the vehicle suspension are switchable, generating anti-roll damping moments based on the lateral acceleration level and the container filling ratio.
Technical Paper

Adaptive Control Strategy of a Kalman Filter Active Vehicle Suspension

2003-05-05
2003-01-1413
In this paper, the Kalman filter algorithm is used to design a practical adaptive control strategy. The adaptation is intended to adjust the system operation according to the changes of road input. A moderate adaptive time of at least 3 seconds is used. Limit stops are added to prevent the increase in the wheel travel behind the specified limit. The active suspension feedback system is designed based on measuring only the suspension displacement. A gain scheduling adaptive scheme which consists of four sets of state feedback gains is designed. The estimation process of dynamic tyre deflection and other necessary state variables through the Kalman filter is illustrated. Among other things, this estimate is used to derive the gain scheduling adaptive scheme. The strategy is applied to a quarter car active suspension system. Results are generated at a constant speed on random road profiles.
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