Door Crashworthiness Criteria
A study of the biomechanical factors concerned with the design of side structures and doors for crashworthiness has been made. Questions regarding optimum stiffness, location of reinforcing members, effect of armrests, and padding have been answered within the framework of injury criteria models. Results of animal studies, cadaver studies, and anthropometric dummies have been combined to produce injury criteria for lateral impacts to the head, thorax, and abdomen. Impacts were applied utilizing a specially designed “air gun” in a laboratory environment emphasizing reproducibility and control. Full-scale crash simulations were performed on an impact sled to verify the results of the more specialized tests and analyses. Scaled models of current production doors were used in the animal series. Scaling relationships for various species of animals have been developed and extrapolated to man. Significant differences in right and left side tolerances to impact were noted and detailed.