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Technical Paper

Dynamic Characteristics of Oil Consumption - Relationship Between the Instantaneous Oil Consumption and the Location of Piston Ring Gap

In order to understand the relationship between the location of piston ring gap and instantaneous change of oil consumption during engine operation, the ring rotation and instantaneous oil consumption were measured simultaneously in a hydrogen fueled single cylinder spark ignition engine. A radioactive-tracer technique was used to measure the rotational movement of piston ring. Two kinds of isotopes(60Co and 192Ir) with different energy level were mounted to the top and 2nd rings to measure each ring's movement independently. The instantaneous oil consumption was obtained by analyzing CO2 concentration in exhaust gas. From the result of ring rotational movement, typical patterns of ring rotation were obtained as follows; Rotational movements are usually initiated by changing the operating conditions. Piston rings tend to rotate easily under low load condition. The rotation speed of ring usually ranged in 0.2∼0.4 rev/min for top ring and 0.5∼0.6 rev/min for 2nd ring.
Technical Paper

The Characteristics of Carbon Deposit Formation in Piston Top Ring Groove of Gasoline and Diesel Engine

In order to investigate the characteristics of top ring groove deposit formation in gasoline and diesel engine, engine test and simulation test were performed. From component analysis of used oils sampled from actual running engines, oxidation and nitration for gasoline engine and soot content for diesel engine were selected as main parameters for evaluating oil degradation. In gasoline engine, deposit formation increases linearly with oxidation and nitration, and especially, oil oxidation is a dominant factor on the deposit formation rather than nitration. And, deposit formation increases gradually in low temperature ranges below 260°C even if oils are highly oxidized, but it increases rapidly if piston top ring groove temperature is above 260°C. In diesel engine, deposit formation is highly related to soot content in lubricating oils.